The Crown of Thorns

1 Pilate then took Jesus and 1scourged Him.
References for John 19:1
    • a 19:1 - Or "had Him scourged"
      2 2And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a purple robe on Him;
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      3 and they began to come up to Him and say, "3Hail, King of the Jews!" and to 4give Him slaps in the face.
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      4 Pilate 5came out again and said to them, "Behold, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that 6I find no guilt in Him."
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      5 Jesus then came out, 7wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, "Behold, the Man!"
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      6 So when the chief priests and the 8officers saw Him, they cried out saying, "Crucify, crucify!" Pilate said to them, "Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for 9I find no guilt in Him."
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      7 The Jews answered him, "10We have a law, and by that law He ought to die because He 11made Himself out to be the Son of God."
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      9 and he 12entered into the Praetorium again and said to Jesus, "Where are You from?" But 13Jesus gave him no answer.
      References for John 19:9
        • b 19:9 - I.e. governor's official residence
          10 So Pilate said to Him, "You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?"
          11 Jesus answered, "14You would have no * authority over Me, unless * it had been given you from above; for this reason 15he who delivered Me to you has the greater sin."
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          12 As a result of this Pilate made efforts to release Him, but the Jews cried out saying, "16If you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar; everyone who makes himself out to be a king opposes Caesar."
          References for John 19:12
            • d 19:12 - Lit "was seeking to"
            • e 19:12 - Or "speaks against"
              13 Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and 17sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Pavement, but 18in Hebrew, Gabbatha.
              References for John 19:13
                • f 19:13 - Gr "The Lithostrotos"
                • g 19:13 - I.e. Jewish Aramaic
                  14 Now it was 19the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the 20sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, "Behold, 21your King!"
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                  15 So they cried out, "22Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?" The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar."
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                  The Crucifixion

                  16 So he then 23handed Him over to them to be crucified.
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                  17 24They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, 25bearing His own cross, to the place called 26the Place of a Skull, which is called 27in Hebrew, Golgotha.
                  References for John 19:17
                    • i 19:17 - Lit "bearing the cross for Himself"
                    • j 19:17 - I.e. Jewish Aramaic
                      18 There they crucified Him, and with Him 28two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between.
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                      19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, "29JESUS THE NAZARENE, 30THE KING OF THE JEWS."
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                      20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written 31in Hebrew, Latin and in Greek.
                      References for John 19:20
                        • k 19:20 - I.e. Jewish Aramaic
                          21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, "Do not write, '32The King of the Jews '; but that He said, 'I am 33King of the Jews.' "
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                          22 Pilate answered, "34What I have written I have written."
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                          23 Then 35the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made 36four parts, a part to every soldier and also the tunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece.
                          References for John 19:23
                            • l 19:23 - Gr "khiton," the garment worn next to the skin
                            • m 19:23 - Lit "from the upper part through the whole"
                              24 So they said to one another, "37Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be"; 38this was to fulfill the Scripture: "THEY 39DIVIDED MY OUTER GARMENTS AMONG THEM, AND FOR MY CLOTHING THEY CAST LOTS."
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                              25 Therefore the soldiers did these things. 40But standing by the cross of Jesus were 41His mother, and His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and 42Mary Magdalene.
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                              26 When Jesus then saw His mother, and 43the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, "44Woman, behold, your son!"
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                              27 Then He said to the disciple, "Behold, your mother!" From that hour the disciple took her into 45his own household.
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                              28 After this, Jesus, 46knowing that all things had already been accomplished, 47to fulfill the Scripture, said, "48I am thirsty."
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                              29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so 49they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth.
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                              30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, "50It is finished!" And He bowed His head and 51gave up His spirit.
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                              Care of the Body of Jesus

                              31 Then the Jews, because it was 52the day of preparation, so that 53the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a 54high day ), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
                              References for John 19:31
                                • o 19:31 - Lit "for the day of that Sabbath was great"
                                  32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was 55crucified with Him;
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                                  33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.
                                  34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately 56blood and water came out.
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                                  35 And he who has seen has 57testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.
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                                  36 For these things came to pass 58to fulfill the Scripture, "59NOT A BONE OF HIM SHALL BE BROKEN."
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                                    • p 19:36 - Or "crushed" or "shattered"
                                      37 And again another Scripture says, "60THEY SHALL LOOK ON HIM WHOM THEY PIERCED."
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                                      38 61After these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a 62secret one for 63fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body.
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                                      39 64Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, 65bringing a mixture of 66myrrh and aloes, about a 67hundred pounds weight.
                                      References for John 19:39
                                        • q 19:39 - Two early mss read "package of"
                                        • r 19:39 - Lit "100 litras" (12 oz each)
                                          40 So they took the body of Jesus and 68bound it in 69linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.
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                                          41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a 70new tomb 71in which no one had yet been laid.
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                                          42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of 72preparation, since the tomb was 73nearby, they laid Jesus there.
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