Matthew 23:1-22 NAS

Pharisaism Exposed

1 1Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to His disciples,

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2 saying: "2The scribes and the Pharisees have seated themselves in the chair of Moses;

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3 therefore all that they tell you, do and observe, but do not do according to their deeds; for they say things and do not do them.
4 "3They tie up heavy burdens and lay them on men's shoulders, but they themselves are unwilling * to move them with so much as a finger.#rl

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5 "But they do all their deeds 4to be noticed by men; for they 5broaden their aphylacteries and lengthen 6the tassels of their garments.

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    • ɕ 23:5 - I.e. small cases containing Scripture texts worn on the left arm and forehead for religious purposes
      6 "They 7love the place of honor at banquets and the chief seats in the synagogues,

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      7 and respectful greetings in the market places, and being called 8Rabbi by men.

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          8 "But 9do not be called 10Rabbi; for One is your Teacher, and you are all brothers.

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              9 "Do not call anyone on earth your father; for 11One is your Father, He who is in heaven.

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              10 "Do not be called bleaders; for One is your Leader, that is, Christ.

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                • ɖ 23:10 - Or "teachers"
                  11 "12But the greatest among you shall be your servant.

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                  12 "13Whoever exalts himself shall be humbled; and whoever humbles himself shall be exalted.

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                  Eight Woes

                  13 "14But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, 15because you shut off the kingdom of heaven cfrom dpeople; for you do not enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in.

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                    • ɗ 23:13 - Lit "in front of"
                    • ɘ 23:13 - Gr "anthropoi"
                      14 ["eWoe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because 16you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense you make long prayers; therefore * you will receive greater condemnation.

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                        • ə 23:14 - This v not found in early mss
                          15 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you travel around on sea and land to make one f17proselyte; and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of g18hell as yourselves.

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                              16 "Woe to you, 19blind guides, who say, '20Whoever * swears by the htemple, that is nothing; but whoever * swears by the gold of the itemple is obligated.'

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                                • ɜ 23:16 - Or "sanctuary"
                                • ɝ 23:16 - Or "sanctuary"
                                  17 "You fools and blind men! 21Which is jmore important, the gold or the ktemple that sanctified the gold?

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                                    • ɞ 23:17 - Lit "greater"
                                    • ɟ 23:17 - Or "sanctuary"
                                      18 "And, 'Whoever * swears by the altar, that is nothing, but whoever * swears by the loffering on it, he is obligated.'

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                                          19 "You blind men, 22which is mmore important, the noffering, or the altar that sanctifies the ooffering?#rl

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                                              20 "Therefore, pwhoever swears by the altar, swears both by qthe altar and by everything on it.

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                                                  21 "And rwhoever swears by the stemple, swears both by tthe temple and by Him who 23dwells within it.#rl

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                                                      22 "And uwhoever swears by heaven, 24swears both by the throne of God and by Him who sits upon it.

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