"'These are the teachings about the penalty offering, which is most holy:
The penalty offering must be killed where the whole burnt offering is killed. Then the priest must sprinkle its blood on all sides of the altar.
He must offer all the fat from the penalty offering -- the fat tail, the fat that covers the inner organs,
both kidneys with the fat that is on them near the lower back muscle, and the best part of the liver, which is to be removed with the kidneys.
The priest must burn all these things on the altar as an offering made by fire to the Lord. It is a penalty offering.
Any male in a priest's family may eat it. It is most holy, so it must be eaten in a holy place.
"'The penalty offering is like the sin offering in that the teachings are the same for both. The priest who offers the sacrifice to remove sins will get the meat for food.
The priest who offers the burnt offering may also have the skin from it.
Every grain offering that is baked in an oven, cooked on a griddle, or baked in a dish belongs to the priest who offers it.
Every grain offering, either dry or mixed with oil, belongs to the priests, and all priests will share alike.
"'These are the teachings about the fellowship offering a person may offer to the Lord:
If he brings the fellowship offering to show his thanks, he should also bring loaves of bread made without yeast that are mixed with oil, wafers made without yeast that have oil poured over them, and loaves of fine flour that are mixed with oil.
He must also offer loaves of bread made with yeast along with his fellowship offering, which he gives to show thanks.
One of each kind of offering will be for the Lord; it will be given to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the fellowship offering.
When the fellowship offering is given to thank the Lord, the meat from it must be eaten the same day it is offered; none of it must be left until morning.
"'If a person brings a fellowship offering just to give a gift to God or because of a special promise to him, the sacrifice should be eaten the same day he offers it. If there is any left, it may be eaten the next day.
If any meat from this sacrifice is left on the third day, it must be burned up.
Any meat of the fellowship offering eaten on the third day will not be accepted, nor will the sacrifice count for the person who offered it. It will become unclean, and anyone who eats the meat will be guilty of sin.
"'People must not eat meat that touches anything unclean; they must burn this meat with fire. Anyone who is clean may eat other meat.
But if anyone is unclean and eats the meat from the fellowship offering that belongs to the Lord, he must be cut off from his people.
"'If anyone touches something unclean -- uncleanness that comes from people, from an animal, or from some hated thing -- touching it will make him unclean. If he then eats meat from the fellowship offering that belongs to the Lord, he must be cut off from his people.'"
The Lord said to Moses,
"Tell the people of Israel: 'You must not eat any of the fat from cattle, sheep, or goats.
If an animal is found dead or torn by wild animals, you may use its fat for other things, but you must not eat it.
If someone eats fat from an animal offering made by fire to the Lord, he must be cut off from his people.
No matter where you live, you must not eat blood from any bird or animal.
Anyone who eats blood must be cut off from his people.'"
The Lord said to Moses,
"Tell the people of Israel: 'If someone brings a fellowship offering to the Lord, he must give part of it as his sacrifice to the Lord.
He must carry that part of the gift in his own hands as an offering made by fire to the Lord. He must bring the fat and the breast of the animal to the priest, to be presented to the Lord as the priests' share.
Then the priest must burn the fat on the altar, but the breast of the animal will belong to Aaron and the priests.
You must also give the right thigh from the fellowship offering to the priest as a gift;
it will belong to the priest who offers the blood and fat of the fellowship offering.
I have taken the breast and the thigh from the fellowship offerings of the Israelites, and I have given these parts to Aaron and the priests as their share for all time from the Israelites.'"
This is the portion that belongs to Aaron and his sons from the offerings made by fire to the Lord. They were given this share on the day they were presented to the Lord as priests.
On the day the Lord appointed the priests, he commanded Israel to give this share to them, and it is to be given to the priests as their share from now on.
These are the teachings about the whole burnt offering, the grain offering, the sin offering, the penalty offering, the offering for the appointment of priests, and the fellowship offering.
The Lord gave these teachings to Moses on Mount Sinai on the day he commanded the Israelites to bring their offerings to the Lord in the Sinai Desert.