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Compare Translations for Numbers 30:9

Numbers 30:9 ASV
But the vow of a widow, or of her that is divorced, [even] everything wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand against her.
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Numbers 30:9 BBE
But an oath made by a widow or one who is no longer married to her husband, and every undertaking she has given, will have force.
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Numbers 30:9 CEB
Every solemn promise of a widow or a divorced woman who makes a binding obligation for herself will stand.
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Numbers 30:9 CJB
"The vow of a widow, however, or of a divorcee, including everything to which she has obligated herself, will stand against her.
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Numbers 30:9 RHE
(30-10) The widow, and she that is divorced, shall fulfil whatsoever they vow.
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Numbers 30:9 ESV
(But any vow of a widow or of a divorced woman, anything by which she has bound herself, shall stand against her.)
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Numbers 30:9 GW
"But a widow or a divorced woman must keep her vow or her promise.
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Numbers 30:9 GNT
A widow or a divorced woman must keep every vow she makes and every promise to abstain from something.
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Numbers 30:9 HNV
But the vow of a widow, or of her who is divorced, [even] everything with which she has bound her soul, shall stand against her.
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Numbers 30:9 CSB
"Every vow a widow or divorcée puts herself under is binding on her.
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Numbers 30:9 KJV
But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced , wherewith they have bound their souls, shall stand against her.
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Numbers 30:9 LEB
"But the vow of a widow or a woman who is divorced, all that she binds on herself will stand on her.
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Numbers 30:9 NAS
"But the vow of a widow or of a divorced woman, everything by which she has bound herself, shall stand against her.
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Numbers 30:9 NCV
"If a widow or divorced woman makes a promise, she must do whatever she promised.
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Numbers 30:9 NIRV
"Suppose a widow makes a special promise. Or suppose she takes an oath and agrees to do something. Then she must keep her promise. She must do what she agreed to do. The same rules apply to a woman who has been divorced.
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Numbers 30:9 NIV
"Any vow or obligation taken by a widow or divorced woman will be binding on her.
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Numbers 30:9 NKJV
"Also any vow of a widow or a divorced woman, by which she has bound herself, shall stand against her.
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Numbers 30:9 NLT
If, however, a woman is a widow or is divorced, she must fulfill all her vows and pledges no matter what."
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Numbers 30:9 NRS
(But every vow of a widow or of a divorced woman, by which she has bound herself, shall be binding upon her.)
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Numbers 30:9 RSV
But any vow of a widow or of a divorced woman, anything by which she has bound herself, shall stand against her.
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Numbers 30:9 DBY
But the vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, -- everything wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand against her.
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Numbers 30:9 MSG
"Any vow or pledge taken by a widow or divorced woman is binding on her.
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Numbers 30:9 WBT
But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, with which they have bound their souls, shall stand against her.
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Numbers 30:9 TMB
But every vow of a widow and of her that is divorced, wherewith they have bound their souls, shall stand against her.
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Numbers 30:9 TNIV
"Any vow or obligation taken by a widow or divorced woman will be binding on her.
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Numbers 30:9 TYN
The vowe of a wedowe and of her that is deuorsed and all that they haue bound their soules with all shall stonde in effecte with them.
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Numbers 30:9 WEB
But the vow of a widow, or of her who is divorced, [even] everything with which she has bound her soul, shall stand against her.
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Numbers 30:9 WYC
A widow, and a woman forsaken of her husband, shall yield, whatever thing they avow. (Regarding a widow, or a woman forsaken by her husband, both shall yield whatever thing they have vowed.)
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Numbers 30:9 YLT
`As to the vow of a widow or cast-out woman, all that she hath bound on her soul is established on her.
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Numbers 30 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 30

Vows to be kept. (1,2) The cases wherein vows might be released. (3-16)

Verses 1-2 No man can be bound by his own promise to do what he is already, by the Divine precept, forbidden to do. In other matters the command is, that he shall not break his words, through he may change his mind.

Verses 3-16 Two cases of vows are determined. The case of a daughter in her father's house. When her vow comes to his knowledge, it is in his power either to confirm it or do it away. The law is plain in the case of a wife. If her husband allows her vow, though only by silence, it stands. If he disallows it, her obligation to her husband takes place of it; for to him she ought to be in subjection, as unto the Lord. The Divine law consults the good order of families. It is fit that every man should bear rule in his own house, and have his wife and children in subjection; rather than that this great rule should be broken, or any encouragement be given to inferior relations to break those bonds asunder, God releases the obligation even of a solemn vow. So much does religion secure the welfare of all societies; and in it the families of the earth have a blessing.

Numbers 30 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 30

Numbers 30:1-16 . VOWS ARE NOT TO BE BROKEN.

1. This is the thing which the Lord hath commanded--The subject of this chapter relates to vowing, which seems to have been an ancient usage, allowed by the law to remain, and by which some people declared their intention of offering some gift on the altar or abstaining from particular articles of meat or drink, of observing a private fast, or doing something to the honor or in the service of God, over and above what was authoritatively required. In Numbers 29:39 , mention was made of "vows and freewill offerings," and it is probable, from the explanatory nature of the rules laid down in this chapter, that these were given for the removal of doubts and difficulties which conscientious persons had felt about their obligation to perform their vows in certain circumstances that had arisen.

2. If a man vow a vow unto the Lord--A mere secret purpose of the mind was not enough to constitute a vow; it had to be actually expressed in words; and though a purely voluntary act, yet when once the vow was made, the performance of it, like that of every other promise, became an indispensable duty--all the more because, referring to a sacred thing, it could not be neglected without the guilt of prevarication and unfaithfulness to God.
he shall not break his word--literally, "profane his word"--render it vain and contemptible ( Psalms 55:20 , 89:34 ). But as it would frequently happen that parties would vow to do things which were neither good in themselves nor in their power to perform, the law ordained that their natural superiors should have the right of judging as to the propriety of those vows, with discretionary power to sanction or interdict their fulfilment. Parents were to determine in the case of their children, and husbands in that of their wives--being, however, allowed only a day for deliberation after the matter became known to them; and their judgment, if unfavorable, released the devotee from all obligation [ Numbers 30:3-8 ].

3. If a woman also vow a vow unto the Lord, and bind herself by a bond, being in her father's house in her youth--Girls only are specified; but minors of the other sex, who resided under the parental roof, were included, according to Jewish writers, who also consider the name "father" as comprehending all guardians of youth. We are also told that the age at which young people were deemed capable of vowing was thirteen for boys and twelve for girls. The judgment of a father or guardian on the vow of any under his charge might be given either by an expressed approval or by silence, which was to be construed as approval. But in the case of a husband who, after silence from day to day, should ultimately disapprove or hinder his wife's vow, the sin of non-performance was to be imputed to him and not to her [ Numbers 30:15 ].

9. every vow of a widow--In the case of a married woman, who, in the event of a separation from her husband, or of his death, returned, as was not uncommon, to her father's house, a doubt might have been entertained whether she was not, as before, subject to paternal jurisdiction and obliged to act with the paternal consent. The law ordained that the vow was binding if it had been made in her husband's lifetime, and he, on being made aware of it, had not interposed his veto [ Numbers 30:10 Numbers 30:11 ]; as, for instance, she might have vowed, when not a widow, that she would assign a portion of her income to pious and charitable uses, of which she might repent when actually a widow; but by this statute she was required to fulfil the obligation, provided her circumstances enabled her to redeem the pledge. The rules laid down must have been exceedingly useful for the prevention or cancelling of rash vows, as well as for giving a proper sanction to such as were legitimate in their nature, and made in a devout, reflecting spirit.