30:1 And Moses spake unto the heads of the tribes a concerning the children of Israel, saying, This [is] the thing which the LORD hath commanded.
(a) Because they might declare them to the Israelites. 30:4 And her father hear her vow, and her bond wherewith she hath bound her soul, and her father shall hold his b peace at her: then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand.
(b) For in so doing he approves her. 30:5 But if her c father disallow her in the day that he heareth; not any of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand: and the LORD shall forgive her, because her father disallowed her.
(c) By not approving or consenting to her vow. 30:6 And if she had at all an husband, when she vowed, or d uttered ought out of her lips, wherewith she bound her soul;
(d) Either by oath, or solemn promise. 30:8 But if her husband disallowed her on the day that he heard [it]; then he shall make her vow which she vowed, and that which she uttered with her lips, wherewith she bound her e soul, of none effect: and the LORD shall forgive her.
(e) For she is in subjection to her husband, and can perform nothing without his consent. 30:9 But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, wherewith they have bound their souls, shall stand f against her.
(f) For they are not under the authority of the man. 30:10 And if she vowed in her husbands h house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath;
(h) Her husband being alive. 30:13 Every vow, and every binding oath to h afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.
(h) To mortify herself by abstinence or other bodily exercise. 30:14 But if her husband altogether hold his peace at her from i day to day; then he establisheth all her vows, or all her bonds, which [are] upon her: he confirmeth them, because he held his peace at her in the day that he heard [them].
30:15 But if he shall any ways k make them void after that he hath heard [them]; then he shall bear her iniquity.
(i) And warn her not the same day that he hears it, as in ( Numbers 30:8 ).
(k) Not the same day he heard them, but some day after, the sin will be imputed to him and not to her.