The LORD said to Moses,
"Send some men to explore1 the land of Canaan,2 which I am giving to the Israelites.3 From each ancestral tribe4 send one of its leaders."
So at the LORD's command Moses sent them out from the Desert of Paran. All of them were leaders of the Israelites.54
These are their names: from the tribe of Reuben, Shammua son of Zaccur;
from the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat son of Hori;
from the tribe of Judah, Caleb son of Jephunneh;67
from the tribe of Issachar, Igal son of Joseph;
from the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea son of Nun;79
from the tribe of Benjamin, Palti son of Raphu;
from the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel son of Sodi;
from the tribe of Manasseh (a tribe of Joseph), Gaddi son of Susi;
from the tribe of Dan, Ammiel son of Gemalli;
from the tribe of Asher, Sethur son of Michael;
from the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi son of Vophsi;
from the tribe of Gad, Geuel son of Maki.
These are the names of the men Moses sent to explore8 the land. (Moses gave Hoshea son of Nun9 the name Joshua.)1017
When Moses sent them to explore Canaan,11 he said, "Go up through the Negev12 and on into the hill country.1318
See what the land is like and whether the people who live there are strong or weak, few or many.
What kind of land do they live in? Is it good or bad? What kind of towns do they live in? Are they unwalled or fortified?
How is the soil? Is it fertile or poor? Are there trees on it or not? Do your best to bring back some of the fruit of the land.14" (It was the season for the first ripe grapes.)1521
So they went up and explored the land from the Desert of Zin16 as far as Rehob,17 toward Leboa Hamath.1822
They went up through the Negev and came to Hebron,19 where Ahiman, Sheshai and Talmai,20 the descendants of Anak,21 lived. (Hebron had been built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)2223
When they reached the Valley of Eshcol,b23 they cut off a branch bearing a single cluster of grapes. Two of them carried it on a pole between them, along with some pomegranates24 and figs.2524
That place was called the Valley of Eshcol because of the cluster of grapes the Israelites cut off there.
At the end of forty days26 they returned from exploring the land.27