Then the LORD raised up against Solomon an adversary,1 Hadad the Edomite, from the royal line of Edom.
References for 1 Kings 11:14
Earlier when David was fighting with Edom, Joab the commander of the army, who had gone up to bury the dead, had struck down all the men in Edom.2
References for 1 Kings 11:15
Joab and all the Israelites stayed there for six months, until they had destroyed all the men in Edom.
But Hadad, still only a boy, fled to Egypt with some Edomite officials who had served his father.
They set out from Midian and went to Paran.3 Then taking men from Paran with them, they went to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave Hadad a house and land and provided him with food.
References for 1 Kings 11:18
Pharaoh was so pleased with Hadad that he gave him a sister of his own wife, Queen Tahpenes, in marriage.
The sister of Tahpenes bore him a son named Genubath, whom Tahpenes brought up in the royal palace. There Genubath lived with Pharaoh's own children.
While he was in Egypt, Hadad heard that David rested with his fathers and that Joab the commander of the army was also dead. Then Hadad said to Pharaoh, "Let me go, that I may return to my own country."
"What have you lacked here that you want to go back to your own country?" Pharaoh asked. "Nothing," Hadad replied, "but do let me go!"
And God raised up against Solomon another adversary,4 Rezon son of Eliada, who had fled from his master, Hadadezer5 king of Zobah.
References for 1 Kings 11:23
He gathered men around him and became the leader of a band of rebels when David destroyed the forces [of Zobah]; the rebels went to Damascus,6 where they settled and took control.
References for 1 Kings 11:24
Rezon was Israel's adversary as long as Solomon lived, adding to the trouble caused by Hadad. So Rezon ruled in Aram7 and was hostile toward Israel.
References for 1 Kings 11:25
Also, Jeroboam son of Nebat rebelled8 against the king. He was one of Solomon's officials, an Ephraimite from Zeredah, and his mother was a widow named Zeruah.
References for 1 Kings 11:26
Here is the account of how he rebelled against the king: Solomon had built the supporting terraces9 and had filled in the gap in the wall of the city of David his father.
References for 1 Kings 11:27
Now Jeroboam was a man of standing,10 and when Solomon saw how well11 the young man did his work, he put him in charge of the whole labor force of the house of Joseph.
References for 1 Kings 11:28
About that time Jeroboam was going out of Jerusalem, and Ahijah12 the prophet of Shiloh met him on the way, wearing a new cloak. The two of them were alone out in the country,
References for 1 Kings 11:29
and Ahijah took hold of the new cloak he was wearing and tore13 it into twelve pieces.
References for 1 Kings 11:30
Then he said to Jeroboam, "Take ten pieces for yourself, for this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: 'See, I am going to tear14 the kingdom out of Solomon's hand and give you ten tribes.
References for 1 Kings 11:31
But for the sake15 of my servant David and the city of Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, he will have one tribe.
References for 1 Kings 11:32
I will do this because they have forsaken me and worshiped16 Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Molech the god of the Ammonites, and have not walked17 in my ways, nor done what is right in my eyes, nor kept my statutes18 and laws as David, Solomon's father, did.
References for 1 Kings 11:33
" 'But I will not take the whole kingdom out of Solomon's hand; I have made him ruler all the days of his life for the sake of David my servant, whom I chose and who observed my commands and statutes.
I will take the kingdom from his son's hands and give you ten tribes.
I will give one tribe19 to his son so that David my servant may always have a lamp20 before me in Jerusalem, the city where I chose to put my Name.
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However, as for you, I will take you, and you will rule21 over all that your heart desires;22 you will be king over Israel.
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If you do whatever I command you and walk in my ways and do what is right23 in my eyes by keeping my statutes24 and commands, as David my servant did, I will be with you. I will build you a dynasty25 as enduring as the one I built for David and will give Israel to you.
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I will humble David's descendants because of this, but not forever.' "
Solomon tried to kill Jeroboam, but Jeroboam fled26 to Egypt, to Shishak27 the king, and stayed there until Solomon's death.
References for 1 Kings 11:40