Luke 20:1-26 NIV

The Authority of Jesus Questioned

20:1-8pp -- Mt 21:23-27; Mk 11:27-33

1 One day as he was teaching the people in the temple courts1 and preaching the gospel,2 the chief priests and the teachers of the law, together with the elders, came up to him.

References for Luke 20:1

2 "Tell us by what authority you are doing these things," they said. "Who gave you this authority?"3

References for Luke 20:2

3 He replied, "I will also ask you a question. Tell me,
4 John's baptism4--was it from heaven, or from men?"

References for Luke 20:4

5 They discussed it among themselves and said, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will ask, 'Why didn't you believe him?'
6 But if we say, 'From men,' all the people5 will stone us, because they are persuaded that John was a prophet."6

References for Luke 20:6

7 So they answered, "We don't know where it was from."
8 Jesus said, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things."

The Parable of the Tenants

20:9-19pp -- Mt 21:33-46; Mk 12:1-12

9 He went on to tell the people this parable: "A man planted a vineyard,7 rented it to some farmers and went away for a long time.8

References for Luke 20:9

10 At harvest time he sent a servant to the tenants so they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the tenants beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
11 He sent another servant, but that one also they beat and treated shamefully and sent away empty-handed.
12 He sent still a third, and they wounded him and threw him out.
13 "Then the owner of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do? I will send my son, whom I love;9 perhaps they will respect him.'

References for Luke 20:13

14 "But when the tenants saw him, they talked the matter over. 'This is the heir,' they said. 'Let's kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.'
15 So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. "What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them?
16 He will come and kill those tenants10 and give the vineyard to others." When the people heard this, they said, "May this never be!"

References for Luke 20:16

17 Jesus looked directly at them and asked, "Then what is the meaning of that which is written: " 'The stone the builders rejected has become the capstonea 'b ?11

References for Luke 20:17

    • a 20:17 - Or "cornerstone"
    • b 20:17 - Psalm 118:22
      18 Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed."12

      References for Luke 20:18

      19 The teachers of the law and the chief priests looked for a way to arrest him13 immediately, because they knew he had spoken this parable against them. But they were afraid of the people.14

      References for Luke 20:19

      Paying Taxes to Caesar

      20:20-26pp -- Mt 22:15-22; Mk 12:13-17

      20 Keeping a close watch on him, they sent spies, who pretended to be honest. They hoped to catch Jesus in something he said15 so that they might hand him over to the power and authority of the governor.16

      References for Luke 20:20

      21 So the spies questioned him: "Teacher, we know that you speak and teach what is right, and that you do not show partiality but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth.17

      References for Luke 20:21

      22 Is it right for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?"
      23 He saw through their duplicity and said to them,
      24 "Show me a denarius. Whose portrait and inscription are on it?"
      25 "Caesar's," they replied. He said to them, "Then give to Caesar what is Caesar's,18 and to God what is God's."

      References for Luke 20:25

      26 They were unable to trap him in what he had said there in public. And astonished by his answer, they became silent.