David prays for deliverance from his enemies. (1-7) He foresees their destruction. (8-17)
Verses 1-7 In these words we hear the voice of David when a prisoner in his own house; the voice of Christ when surrounded by his merciless enemies; the voice of the church when under bondage in the world; and the voice of the Christian when under temptation, affliction, and persecution. And thus earnestly should we pray daily, to be defended and delivered from our spiritual enemies, the temptations of Satan, and the corruptions of our own hearts. We should fear suffering as evil-doers, but not be ashamed of the hatred of workers of iniquity. It is not strange, if those regard not what they themselves say, who have made themselves believe that God regards not what they say. And where there is no fear of God, there is nothing to secure proper regard to man.
Verses 8-17 It is our wisdom and duty, in times of danger and difficulty, to wait upon God; for he is our defence, in whom we shall be safe. It is very comfortable to us, in prayer, to look to God as the God of our mercy, the Author of all good in us, and the Giver of all good to us. The wicked can never be satisfied, which is the greatest misery in a poor condition. A contented man, if he has not what he would have, yet he does not quarrel with Providence, nor fret within himself. It is not poverty, but discontent that makes a man unhappy. David would praise God because he had many times, and all along, found Him his refuge in the day of trouble. He that is all this to us, is certainly worthy of our best affections, praises, and services. The trials of his people will end in joy and praise. When the night of affliction is over, they will sing of the Lord's power and mercy in the morning. Let believers now, in assured faith and hope, praise Him for those mercies, for which they will rejoice and praise him for ever.
Psalms 59:1-17 . 1 Samuel 19:11 , &c. The scope is very similar to that of the fifty-seventh: prayer in view of malicious and violent foes, and joy in prospect of relief.
1. defend me--(Compare Margin).
rise up . . . me--(Compare Psalms 17:7 ).
2. (Compare Psalms 5:5 , 6:8 ).
4, 5. prepare--literally, "set themselves as in array."
awake--(Compare Psalms 3:7 , 7:6 ), appeals to God in His covenant relation to His people ( Psalms 9:18 ).
6, 7. They are as ravening dogs seeking prey ( Psalms 59:6 ), and as such,
belch out--that is, slanders, their impudent barkings.
7. for who, say they--For the full expression with the supplied words, compare Psalms 64:5 .
8. (Compare Psalms 2:4 , 37:13 ).
9. By judicious expositors, and on good grounds, this is better rendered, "O my strength, on Thee will I wait" ( Psalms 59:17 ).
defence--(Compare Psalms 18:3 ).
10. prevent me--( Psalms 21:3 ).
see my desire--in their overthrow ( Psalms 54:7 ).
enemies--as in Psalms 5:8 .
11. Slay them not--at once ( Judges 2:21-23 ); but perpetuate their punishment ( Genesis 4:12 , Numbers 32:13 ), by scattering or making them wander, and humble them.
12. let them even be . . . taken in their pride--while evincing it--that is, to be punished for their lies, &c.
13. Though delayed for wise reasons, the utter destruction of the wicked must come at last, and God's presence and power in and for His Church will be known abroad ( 1 Samuel 17:46 , Psalms 46:10 Psalms 46:11 ).
14, 15. Meanwhile let the rapacious dogs prowl, they cannot hurt the pious; yea, they shall wander famished and sleepless.
15. grudge if, &c.--literally, "they shall stay all night," that is, obtain nothing.
16, 17. Contrast the lot of God's servant, who employs his time in God's praise.
sing aloud . . . in the morning--when they retire famishing and disappointed, or it may denote delightful diligence in praise, as in Psalms 30:5 .