The happy government God's people are under. (1-5) Its happy administration. (6-9)
Verses 1-5 God governs the world by his providence, governs the church by his grace, and both by his Son. The inhabitants of the earth have cause to tremble, but the Redeemer still waits to be gracious. Let all who hear, take warning, and seek his mercy. The more we humble ourselves before God, the more we exalt him; and let us be thus reverent, for he is holy.
Verses 6-9 The happiness of Israel is made out by referring to the most useful governors of that people. They in every thing made God's word and law their rule, knowing that they could not else expect that their prayers should be answered. They all wonderfully prevailed with God in prayer; miracles were wrought at their request. They pleaded for the people, and obtained answers of peace. Our Prophet and High Priest, of infinitely greater dignity than Moses, Aaron, or Samuel, has received and declared to us the will of the Father. Let us not only exalt the Lord with our lips, but give him the throne in our heart; and while we worship him upon his mercy-seat, let us never forget that he is holy.
Psalms 99:1-9 . God's government is especially exercised in and for His Church, which should praise Him for His gracious dealings.
1. sitteth . . . cherubim--(compare 1 Samuel 4:4 , Psalms 80:1 ).
tremble . . . be moved--inspired with fear by His judgments on the wicked.
2. great in Zion--where He dwells ( Psalms 9:11 ).
3. thy . . . name--perfections of justice, power, &c.
great and terrible name--producing dread ( Deuteronomy 10:17 ), and to be praised by those over whom He is exalted ( Psalms 97:9 ).
it is holy--or, "He is holy" ( Psalms 99:5 Psalms 99:9 , Isaiah 6:3 ).
4, 5. To His wise and righteous government all nations should render honor.
king's . . . judgment--His power is combined with justice.
he is holy--(compare Psalms 22:3 ).
6-8. The experience of these servants of God is cited for encouragement.
among . . . priests, among . . . upon the Lord [and] He spake . . . pillar--may be referred to all three (compare Exodus 18:19 , Leviticus 8:15 , Deuteronomy 5:5 , 1 Samuel 9:13 ).
7. cloudy pillar--the medium of divine intercourse ( Exodus 33:9 , Numbers 12:5 ). Obedience was united with worship. God answered. them as intercessors for the people, who, though forgiven, were yet chastened ( Exodus 32:10 Exodus 32:34 ).