Psalms 99

Listen to Psalms 99
1 1The LORD reigns; 2let the peoples tremble! He 3sits enthroned upon the cherubim; 4let the earth quake!
2 The LORD is 5great in Zion; he is 6exalted over all the peoples.
3 Let them praise your 7great and awesome name! 8Holy is he!
4 9The King in his might 10loves justice.[a] You have established equity; you have executed justice and righteousness in Jacob.
5 11Exalt the LORD our God; 12worship at his 13footstool! 14Holy is he!
6 15Moses and Aaron were among his 16priests, Samuel also was among those who 17called upon his name. They 18called to the LORD, and he answered them.
7 In 19the pillar of the cloud he spoke to them; they 20kept his testimonies and the statute that he gave them.
8 O LORD our God, you answered them; you were 21a forgiving God to them, but 22an avenger of their wrongdoings.
9 Exalt the LORD our God, and worship at his 23holy mountain; for the LORD our God is holy!

Psalms 99 Commentary

Chapter 99

The happy government God's people are under. (1-5) Its happy administration. (6-9)

Verses 1-5 God governs the world by his providence, governs the church by his grace, and both by his Son. The inhabitants of the earth have cause to tremble, but the Redeemer still waits to be gracious. Let all who hear, take warning, and seek his mercy. The more we humble ourselves before God, the more we exalt him; and let us be thus reverent, for he is holy.

Verses 6-9 The happiness of Israel is made out by referring to the most useful governors of that people. They in every thing made God's word and law their rule, knowing that they could not else expect that their prayers should be answered. They all wonderfully prevailed with God in prayer; miracles were wrought at their request. They pleaded for the people, and obtained answers of peace. Our Prophet and High Priest, of infinitely greater dignity than Moses, Aaron, or Samuel, has received and declared to us the will of the Father. Let us not only exalt the Lord with our lips, but give him the throne in our heart; and while we worship him upon his mercy-seat, let us never forget that he is holy.

Cross References 23

  • 1. Psalms 93:1; See 1 Chronicles 16:31
  • 2. [Psalms 96:9]
  • 3. See Psalms 80:1
  • 4. [Isaiah 24:19, 20]
  • 5. [Isaiah 24:23]
  • 6. Psalms 113:4; [Psalms 92:8; Psalms 93:4]
  • 7. [Psalms 111:9; Deuteronomy 28:58]
  • 8. Joshua 24:19; Isaiah 6:3; Revelation 15:4
  • 9. [ver. 1]
  • 10. Psalms 11:7; Isaiah 61:8; [Job 36:5-7]
  • 11. Psalms 107:32; Psalms 118:28; Exodus 15:2; Isaiah 25:1
  • 12. Psalms 132:7; 1 Chronicles 28:2
  • 13. Isaiah 60:13; Lamentations 2:1; Ezekiel 43:7
  • 14. [See ver. 3 above]
  • 15. [Jeremiah 15:1]
  • 16. See Exodus 24:6-8; Exodus 40:22-27; Leviticus 8:1-30
  • 17. 1 Samuel 7:9; 1 Samuel 12:18; See Psalms 105:1
  • 18. Psalms 106:23; Exodus 14:15; Exodus 17:11, 12; Exodus 32:30; Numbers 12:13; Numbers 16:48; Deuteronomy 9:18
  • 19. Exodus 33:9; Numbers 12:5
  • 20. [Psalms 105:28]
  • 21. Numbers 14:20
  • 22. Exodus 32:35; Numbers 20:12; Deuteronomy 9:20; [Jeremiah 46:28]
  • 23. See Psalms 2:6

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or The might of the King loves justice

Chapter Summary


This psalm, with the foregoing from Ps 90:1 is ascribed to Moses by Jarchi and others; but cannot be his, since mention is made of Samuel in it, who lived many years after him. The Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic versions, more rightly attribute it to David; the inscription of the Syriac version, after saying it is David's, subjoins,

``concerning the destruction of the Midianites, whom Moses and the people of Israel led captive;''

of which there is not the least mention in it; but it more truly adds,

``and a prophecy concerning the glory of the kingdom of the Messiah;''

as it undoubtedly is.

Psalms 99 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.