1 Chronicles 18 TNIV

David's Victories

18:1-13pp -- 2Sa 8:1-14

1 In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Gath and its surrounding villages from the control of the Philistines.

References for 1 Chronicles 18:1

      2 David also defeated the Moabites,1 and they became subject to him and brought him tribute.

      References for 1 Chronicles 18:2

      3 Moreover, David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah,2 in the vicinity of Hamath, when he went to set up his monument ata the Euphrates River.3

      References for 1 Chronicles 18:3

        • a 18:3 - Or "to restore his control over"
          4 David captured a thousand of his chariots, seven thousand charioteers and twenty thousand foot soldiers. He hamstrung4 all but a hundred of the chariot horses.

          References for 1 Chronicles 18:4

          5 When the Arameans of Damascus5 came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand of them.

          References for 1 Chronicles 18:5

          6 He put garrisons in the Aramean kingdom of Damascus, and the Arameans became subject to him and brought him tribute. The LORD gave David victory wherever he went.
          7 David took the gold shields carried by the officers of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem.
          8 From Tebahb and Kun, towns that belonged to Hadadezer, David took a great quantity of bronze, which Solomon used to make the bronze Sea,6 the pillars and various bronze articles.

          References for 1 Chronicles 18:8

            • b 18:8 - Hebrew "Tibhath," a variant of "Tebah"
              9 When Tou king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer king of Zobah,
              10 he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet him and congratulate him on his victory in battle over Hadadezer, who had been at war with Tou. Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold, of silver and of bronze.
              11 King David dedicated these articles to the LORD, as he had done with the silver and gold he had taken from all these nations: Edom7 and Moab, the Ammonites and the Philistines, and Amalek.8

              References for 1 Chronicles 18:11

              12 Abishai son of Zeruiah struck down eighteen thousand Edomites9 in the Valley of Salt.

              References for 1 Chronicles 18:12

              13 He put garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became subject to David. The LORD gave David victory wherever he went.

              David's Officials

              18:14-17pp -- 2Sa 8:15-18

              14 David reigned10 over all Israel,11 doing what was just and right for all his people.

              References for 1 Chronicles 18:14

              15 Joab12 son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder;

              References for 1 Chronicles 18:15

              16 Zadok13 son of Ahitub and Ahimelekc14 son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha was secretary;

              References for 1 Chronicles 18:16

                • c 18:16 - Some Hebrew manuscripts, Vulgate and Syriac (see also 2 Samuel 8:17); most Hebrew manuscripts "Abimelek"
                  17 Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Kerethites and Pelethites;15 and David's sons were chief officials at the king's side.

                  References for 1 Chronicles 18:17