1 Chronicles 4 TNIV

Other Clans of Judah

1 The descendants of Judah:1 Perez, Hezron,2 Karmi, Hur and Shobal.

References for 1 Chronicles 4:1

2 Reaiah son of Shobal was the father of Jahath, and Jahath the father of Ahumai and Lahad. These were the clans of the Zorathites.
3 These were the sonsa of Etam: Jezreel, Ishma and Idbash. Their sister was named Hazzelelponi.

References for 1 Chronicles 4:3

    • a 4:3 - Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also Vulgate); Hebrew "father"
      4 Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur,3 the firstborn of Ephrathah and fatherb of Bethlehem.4

      References for 1 Chronicles 4:4

        • b 4:4 - "Father" may mean "civic leader" or "military leader"; also in verses 12, 14, 17, 18 and possibly elsewhere.
          5 Ashhur5 the father of Tekoa had two wives, Helah and Naarah.

          References for 1 Chronicles 4:5

          6 Naarah bore him Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni and Haahashtari. These were the descendants of Naarah.
          7 The sons of Helah: Zereth, Zohar, Ethnan,
          8 and Koz, who was the father of Anub and Hazzobebah and of the clans of Aharhel son of Harum.
          9 Jabez was more honorable than his brothers. His mother had named him Jabez,c saying, "I gave birth to him in pain."

          References for 1 Chronicles 4:9

            • c 4:9 - "Jabez" sounds like the Hebrew for "pain."
              10 Jabez cried out to the God of Israel, "Oh, that you would bless me and enlarge my territory! Let your hand be with me, and keep me from harm so that I will be free from pain." And God granted his request.
              11 Kelub, Shuhah's brother, was the father of Mehir, who was the father of Eshton.
              12 Eshton was the father of Beth Rapha, Paseah and Tehinnah the father of Ir Nahash.d These were the men of Rekah.

              References for 1 Chronicles 4:12

                • d 4:12 - Or "of the city of Nahash"
                  13 The sons of Kenaz: Othniel6 and Seraiah. The sons of Othniel: Hathath and Meonothai.e

                  References for 1 Chronicles 4:13

                    • e 4:13 - Some Septuagint manuscripts and Vulgate; Hebrew does not have "and Meonothai."
                      14 Meonothai was the father of Ophrah. Seraiah was the father of Joab, the father of Ge Harashim.f It was called this because its people were skilled workers.

                      References for 1 Chronicles 4:14

                        • f 4:14 - "Ge Harashim" means "valley of skilled workers."
                          15 The sons of Caleb son of Jephunneh: Iru, Elah and Naam. The son of Elah: Kenaz.
                          16 The sons of Jehallelel: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria and Asarel.
                          17 The sons of Ezrah: Jether, Mered, Epher and Jalon. One of Mered's wives gave birth to Miriam,7 Shammai and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa.

                          References for 1 Chronicles 4:17

                          18 (His wife from the tribe of Judah gave birth to Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soko, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah.8) These were the children of Pharaoh's daughter Bithiah, whom Mered had married.

                          References for 1 Chronicles 4:18

                          19 The sons of Hodiah's wife, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah9 the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maakathite.10

                          References for 1 Chronicles 4:19

                          20 The sons of Shimon: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-Hanan and Tilon. The descendants of Ishi: Zoheth and Ben-Zoheth.
                          21 The sons of Shelah11 son of Judah: Er the father of Lekah, Laadah the father of Mareshah and the clans of the linen workers at Beth Ashbea,

                          References for 1 Chronicles 4:21

                          22 Jokim, the men of Kozeba, and Joash and Saraph, who ruled in Moab and Jashubi Lehem. (These records are from ancient times.)
                          23 They were the potters who lived at Netaim and Gederah; they stayed there and worked for the king.


                          4:28-33pp -- Jos 19:2-10

                          24 The descendants of Simeon:12 Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib,13 Zerah and Shaul;

                          References for 1 Chronicles 4:24

                          25 Shallum was Shaul's son, Mibsam his son and Mishma his son.
                          26 The descendants of Mishma: Hammuel his son, Zakkur his son and Shimei his son.
                          27 Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters, but his brothers did not have many children; so their entire clan did not become as numerous as the people of Judah.
                          28 They lived in Beersheba,14 Moladah,15 Hazar Shual,

                          References for 1 Chronicles 4:28

                          29 Bilhah, Ezem,16 Tolad,

                          References for 1 Chronicles 4:29

                          30 Bethuel, Hormah,17 Ziklag,18

                          References for 1 Chronicles 4:30

                          31 Beth Markaboth, Hazar Susim, Beth Biri and Shaaraim.19 These were their towns until the reign of David.

                          References for 1 Chronicles 4:31

                          32 Their surrounding villages were Etam, Ain,20 Rimmon, Token and Ashan21--five towns--

                          References for 1 Chronicles 4:32

                          33 and all the villages around these towns as far as Baalath.g These were their settlements. And they kept a genealogical record.

                          References for 1 Chronicles 4:33

                            • g 4:33 - Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also Joshua 19:8); Hebrew "Baal"
                              34 Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah son of Amaziah,
                              35 Joel, Jehu son of Joshibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel,
                              36 also Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah,
                              37 and Ziza son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah.
                              38 The men listed above by name were leaders of their clans. Their families increased greatly,
                              39 and they went to the outskirts of Gedor22 to the east of the valley in search of pasture for their flocks.

                              References for 1 Chronicles 4:39

                              40 They found rich, good pasture, and the land was spacious, peaceful and quiet.23 Some Hamites had lived there formerly.

                              References for 1 Chronicles 4:40

                              41 The men whose names were listed came in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah. They attacked the Hamites in their dwellings and also the Meunites24 who were there and completely destroyedh them, as is evident to this day. Then they settled in their place, because there was pasture for their flocks.

                              References for 1 Chronicles 4:41

                                • h 4:41 - The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.
                                  42 And five hundred of these Simeonites, led by Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi, invaded the hill country of Seir.25

                                  References for 1 Chronicles 4:42

                                  43 They killed the remaining Amalekites26 who had escaped, and they have lived there to this day.

                                  References for 1 Chronicles 4:43