2 Samuel 23 TNIV

David's Last Words

1 These are the last words of David: "The inspired utterance of David son of Jesse, the utterance of the man exalted1 by the Most High, the man anointed2 by the God of Jacob, the hero of Israel's songs:
2 "The Spirit3 of the LORD spoke through me; his word was on my tongue.

References for 2 Samuel 23:2

3 The God of Israel spoke, the Rock4 of Israel said to me: 'When one rules over people in righteousness,5 when he rules in the fear6 of God,7

References for 2 Samuel 23:3

4 he is like the light8 of morning9 at sunrise10 on a cloudless morning, like the brightness after rain11 that brings grass from the earth.

References for 2 Samuel 23:4

5 "If my house were not right with God, surely he would not have made with me an everlasting covenant,12 arranged and secured in every part; surely he would not bring to fruition my salvation and grant me my every desire.

References for 2 Samuel 23:5

6 But evil men are all to be cast aside like thorns,13 which are not gathered with the hand.

References for 2 Samuel 23:6

7 Whoever touches thorns uses a tool of iron or the shaft of a spear; they are burned up where they lie."

David's Mighty Warriors

23:8-39pp -- 1Ch 11:10-41

8 These are the names of David's mighty warriors:14 Josheb-Basshebeth,a15 a Tahkemonite,b was chief of the Three; he raised his spear against eight hundred men, whom he killedc in one encounter.

References for 2 Samuel 23:8

    • a 23:8 - Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts suggest "Ish-Bosheth," that is, "Esh-Baal" (see also 1 Chron. 11:11 "Jashobeam").
    • b 23:8 - Probably a variant of "Hakmonite" (see 1 Chron. 11:11)
    • c 23:8 - Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:11); Hebrew and other Septuagint manuscripts "Three; it was Adino the Eznite who killed eight hundred men"
      9 Next to him was Eleazar son of Dodai16 the Ahohite.17 As one of the three mighty warriors, he was with David when they taunted the Philistines gathered [at Pas Dammim]d for battle. Then the Israelites retreated,

      References for 2 Samuel 23:9

        • d 23:9 - See 1 Chron. 11:13; Hebrew "gathered there".
          10 but Eleazar stood his ground and struck down the Philistines till his hand grew tired and froze to the sword. The LORD brought about a great victory that day. The troops returned to Eleazar, but only to strip the dead.
          11 Next to him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. When the Philistines banded together at a place where there was a field full of lentils, Israel's troops fled from them.
          12 But Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field. He defended it and struck the Philistines down, and the LORD brought about a great victory.
          13 During harvest time, three of the thirty chief warriors came down to David at the cave of Adullam,18 while a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.19

          References for 2 Samuel 23:13

          14 At that time David was in the stronghold,20 and the Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem.

          References for 2 Samuel 23:14

          15 David longed for water and said, "Oh, that someone would get me a drink of water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!"
          16 So the three mighty warriors broke through the Philistine lines, drew water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem and carried it back to David. But he refused to drink it; instead, he poured21 it out before the LORD.

          References for 2 Samuel 23:16

          17 "Far be it from me, LORD, to do this!" he said. "Is it not the blood22 of men who went at the risk of their lives?" And David would not drink it. Such were the exploits of the three mighty warriors.

          References for 2 Samuel 23:17

          18 Abishai23 the brother of Joab son of Zeruiah was chief of the Three.e He raised his spear against three hundred men, whom he killed, and so he became as famous as the Three.

          References for 2 Samuel 23:18

            • e 23:18 - Most Hebrew manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:20); two Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac "Thirty"
              19 Was he not held in greater honor than the Three? He became their commander, even though he was not included among them
              20 Benaiah24 son of Jehoiada, a valiant fighter from Kabzeel,25 performed great exploits. He struck down Moab's two mightiest warriors. He also went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion.

              References for 2 Samuel 23:20

              21 And he struck down a huge Egyptian. Although the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, Benaiah went against him with a club. He snatched the spear from the Egyptian's hand and killed him with his own spear
              22 Such were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada; he too was as famous as the three mighty warriors.
              23 He was held in greater honor than any of the Thirty, but he was not included among the Three. And David put him in charge of his bodyguard.
              24 Among the Thirty were: Asahel26 the brother of Joab, Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem,

              References for 2 Samuel 23:24

              25 Shammah the Harodite,27 Elika the Harodite,

              References for 2 Samuel 23:25

              26 Helez28 the Paltite, Ira29 son of Ikkesh from Tekoa,

              References for 2 Samuel 23:26

              27 Abiezer30 from Anathoth,31 Sibbekaif the Hushathite,

              References for 2 Samuel 23:27

                • f 23:27 - Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 21:18; 1 Chron. 11:29); Hebrew "Mebunnai"
                  28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai32 the Netophathite,33

                  References for 2 Samuel 23:28

                  29 Heledg34 son of Baanah the Netophathite, Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah35 in Benjamin,

                  References for 2 Samuel 23:29

                    • g 23:29 - Some Hebrew manuscripts and Vulgate (see also 1 Chron. 11:30); most Hebrew manuscripts "Heleb"
                      30 Benaiah the Pirathonite,36 Hiddaih from the ravines of Gaash,37

                      References for 2 Samuel 23:30

                        • h 23:30 - Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:32) "Hurai"
                          31 Abi-Albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,38

                          References for 2 Samuel 23:31

                          32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan
                          33 son ofi Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Shararj the Hararite,

                          References for 2 Samuel 23:33

                            • i 23:33 - Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:34); Hebrew does not have "son of."
                            • j 23:33 - Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:35) "Sakar"
                              34 Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maakathite,39 Eliam40 son of Ahithophel41 the Gilonite,

                              References for 2 Samuel 23:34

                              35 Hezro the Carmelite,42 Paarai the Arbite,

                              References for 2 Samuel 23:35

                              36 Igal son of Nathan from Zobah,43 the son of Hagri,

                              References for 2 Samuel 23:36

                                • k 23:36 - Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:38); Hebrew "Haggadi"
                                  37 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite,44 the armor-bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah,

                                  References for 2 Samuel 23:37

                                  38 Ira the Ithrite,45 Gareb the Ithrit

                                  References for 2 Samuel 23:38

                                  39 and Uriah46 the Hittite. There were thirty-seven in all.

                                  References for 2 Samuel 23:39