These are the last words of David: "The inspired utterance of David son of Jesse, the utterance of the man exalted1 by the Most High, the man anointed2 by the God of Jacob, the hero of Israel's songs:
"The Spirit3 of the LORD spoke through me; his word was on my tongue.
The God of Israel spoke, the Rock4 of Israel said to me: 'When one rules over people in righteousness,5 when he rules in the fear6 of God,74
he is like the light8 of morning9 at sunrise10 on a cloudless morning, like the brightness after rain11 that brings grass from the earth.'
"If my house were not right with God, surely he would not have made with me an everlasting covenant,12 arranged and secured in every part; surely he would not bring to fruition my salvation and grant me my every desire.
But evil men are all to be cast aside like thorns,13 which are not gathered with the hand.
Whoever touches thorns uses a tool of iron or the shaft of a spear; they are burned up where they lie."
These are the names of David's mighty warriors:14 Josheb-Basshebeth,a15 a Tahkemonite,b was chief of the Three; he raised his spear against eight hundred men, whom he killedc in one encounter.
Next to him was Eleazar son of Dodai16 the Ahohite.17 As one of the three mighty warriors, he was with David when they taunted the Philistines gathered [at Pas Dammim]d for battle. Then the Israelites retreated,
but Eleazar stood his ground and struck down the Philistines till his hand grew tired and froze to the sword. The LORD brought about a great victory that day. The troops returned to Eleazar, but only to strip the dead.
Next to him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. When the Philistines banded together at a place where there was a field full of lentils, Israel's troops fled from them.
But Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field. He defended it and struck the Philistines down, and the LORD brought about a great victory.
During harvest time, three of the thirty chief warriors came down to David at the cave of Adullam,18 while a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.1914
At that time David was in the stronghold,20 and the Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem.2115
David longed for water and said, "Oh, that someone would get me a drink of water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!"
So the three mighty warriors broke through the Philistine lines, drew water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem and carried it back to David. But he refused to drink it; instead, he poured22 it out before the LORD.
"Far be it from me, LORD, to do this!" he said. "Is it not the blood23 of men who went at the risk of their lives?" And David would not drink it. Such were the exploits of the three mighty warriors.
Abishai24 the brother of Joab son of Zeruiah was chief of the Three.e He raised his spear against three hundred men, whom he killed, and so he became as famous as the Three.
Was he not held in greater honor than the Three? He became their commander, even though he was not included among them.
Benaiah25 son of Jehoiada, a valiant fighter from Kabzeel,26 performed great exploits. He struck down Moab's two mightiest warriors. He also went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion.
And he struck down a huge Egyptian. Although the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, Benaiah went against him with a club. He snatched the spear from the Egyptian's hand and killed him with his own spear.
Such were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada; he too was as famous as the three mighty warriors.
He was held in greater honor than any of the Thirty, but he was not included among the Three. And David put him in charge of his bodyguard.
Among the Thirty were: Asahel27 the brother of Joab, Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem,
Shammah the Harodite,28 Elika the Harodite,
Helez29 the Paltite, Ira30 son of Ikkesh from Tekoa,
Abiezer31 from Anathoth,32 Sibbekaif the Hushathite,
Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai33 the Netophathite,3429
Heledg35 son of Baanah the Netophathite, Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah36 in Benjamin,
Benaiah the Pirathonite,37 Hiddaih from the ravines of Gaash,3831
Abi-Albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,3932
Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan
son ofi Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Shararj the Hararite,
Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maakathite,40 Eliam41 son of Ahithophel42 the Gilonite,
Hezro the Carmelite,43 Paarai the Arbite,
Igal son of Nathan from Zobah,44 the son of Hagri,k37
Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite,45 the armor-bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah,
Ira the Ithrite,46 Gareb the Ithrite
and Uriah47 the Hittite. There were thirty-seven in all.