Exodus 12:1-30 TNIV

The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread

12:14-20pp -- Lev 23:4-8; Nu 28:16-25; Dt 16:1-8

1 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt,

References for Exodus 12:1

      2 "This month is to be for you the first month,1 the first month of your year.

      References for Exodus 12:2

      3 Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamba2 for his family, one for each household.3

      References for Exodus 12:3

        • a 12:3 - The Hebrew word can mean "lamb" or "kid "; also in verse 4.
          4 If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat.
          5 The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect,4 and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.

          References for Exodus 12:5

          6 Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month,5 when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.6

          References for Exodus 12:6

          7 Then they are to take some of the blood7 and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.

          References for Exodus 12:7

              8 That same night8 they are to eat the meat roasted9 over the fire, along with bitter herbs,10 and bread made without yeast.11

              References for Exodus 12:8

              9 Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire--with the head, legs and internal organs.12

              References for Exodus 12:9

              10 Do not leave any of it till morning;13 if some is left till morning, you must burn it.

              References for Exodus 12:10

              11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste;14 it is the LORD's Passover.15

              References for Exodus 12:11

              12 "On that same night I will pass through16 Egypt and strike down17 every firstborn18 of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods19 of Egypt. I am the LORD.20

              References for Exodus 12:12

              13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over21 you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.22

              References for Exodus 12:13

                  14 "This is a day you are to commemorate;23 for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the LORD--a lasting ordinance.24

                  References for Exodus 12:14

                  15 For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast.25 On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off26 from Israel.

                  References for Exodus 12:15

                  16 On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work27 at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat; that is all you may do.

                  References for Exodus 12:16

                  17 "Celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread,28 because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt.29 Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.30

                  References for Exodus 12:17

                  18 In the first month31 you are to eat bread made without yeast, from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day.

                  References for Exodus 12:18

                  19 For seven days no yeast is to be found in your houses. And anyone, whether foreigner32 or native-born, who eats anything with yeast in it must be cut off33 from the community of Israel.

                  References for Exodus 12:19

                  20 Eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live,34 you must eat unleavened bread."35

                  References for Exodus 12:20

                  21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover36 lamb.

                  References for Exodus 12:21

                  22 Take a bunch of hyssop,37 dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood38 on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. None of you shall go out of the door of your house until morning.

                  References for Exodus 12:22

                  23 When the LORD goes through the land to strike39 down the Egyptians, he will see the blood40 on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over41 that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer42 to enter your houses and strike you down.

                  References for Exodus 12:23

                  24 "Obey these instructions as a lasting ordinance43 for you and your descendants.

                  References for Exodus 12:24

                      25 When you enter the land44 that the LORD will give you as he promised, observe this ceremony.

                      References for Exodus 12:25

                      26 And when your children45 ask you, 'What does this ceremony mean to you?'

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                      27 then tell them, 'It is the Passover46 sacrifice to the LORD, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians.' "47 Then the people bowed down and worshiped.48

                      References for Exodus 12:27

                          28 The Israelites did just what the LORD commanded49 Moses and Aaron.

                          References for Exodus 12:28

                              29 At midnight50 the LORD 51 struck down all the firstborn52 in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock53 as well.

                              References for Exodus 12:29

                              30 Pharaoh and all his officials and all the Egyptians got up during the night, and there was loud wailing54 in Egypt, for there was not a house without someone dead.

                              References for Exodus 12:30