Exodus 12:1

The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread

1 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt,

Exodus 12:1 in Other Translations

KJV
1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
ESV
1 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt,
NLT
1 While the Israelites were still in the land of Egypt, the LORD gave the following instructions to Moses and Aaron:
MSG
1 God said to Moses and Aaron while still in Egypt,
CSB
1 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt:

Exodus 12:1 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 12:1

And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of
Egypt
Before they and the children of Israel came out of it, before the slaying of the firstborn, yea, before Moses came from the presence of Pharaoh, and had given him notice of it; and it is very probable even before the three days darkness, seeing it seems necessary it should be four days before the passover, since on the tenth day the lamb was to be taken, and on the fourteenth slain, ( Exodus 12:3 Exodus 12:6 ) and by what follows it looks as if it was at the beginning or first day of the month, and so the words may be rendered, "the Lord had spoke" F25; and the following account is deferred to this place, that there might be no interruption of the history of the plagues, and that the passover, with all its rites and ceremonies, both at the first institution and observance of it, and in later times, might be laid together.


FOOTNOTES:

F25 (rmayw) "alloquutus antem fuerat", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "dixerat autem"; so some in Drusius, and Ainsworth.

Exodus 12:1 In-Context

1 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt,
2 “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year.
3 Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household.
4 If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat.
5 The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.