1 Timothy 2:12-15

12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man;[a] she must be quiet.
13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve.
14 And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner.
15 But women[b] will be saved through childbearing—if they continue in faith, love and holiness with propriety.

1 Timothy 2:12 in Other Translations

KJV
12 But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.
ESV
12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet.
NLT
12 I do not let women teach men or have authority over them. Let them listen quietly.
MSG
12 They should study to be quiet and obedient along with everyone else.
CSB
12 I do not allow a woman to teach or to have authority over a man; instead, she is to be silent.

1 Timothy 2:12-15 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO 1 TIMOTHY 2

In this chapter the apostle exhorts to prayer for all sorts of men, gives rules and directions about the dress of women, and their subjection to their husbands; and concludes with some comfort to them. The apostle exhorts to prayer in the first place, directs to the several parts and branches of prayer, and points to the persons to be prayed for, and what should be prayed for on their account, 1Ti 2:1,2. And next follow the reasons or arguments engaging to it, which are taken from the agreeableness of it in the sight of God; from the will of God, that all men should be saved: from there being but one God of all, and one Mediator between God and men; from Christ's giving himself a ransom price for all; and from the apostle being a preacher of the Gospel to the Gentiles, as well as Jews, 1Ti 2:3-7 wherefore he concludes and determines, according to his apostolical power and authority, that prayer be made in any place, provided there were faith and purity, and wrath and doubting were laid aside, 1Ti 2:8. Also, he exhorts women to appear, especially in public service, in a modest and becoming dress, and to adorn themselves with good works, 1Ti 2:9,10, and that they should be silent learners, and not teachers, and be in subjection to their husbands, 1Ti 2:11,12. The reasons of which subjection are taken from the formation of Adam before Eve, and from Eve's being deceived, and not Adam, 1Ti 2:13,14. However, for the comfort of women, it is observed, that though in sorrow they bring forth children, yet through the birth of a Son, the promised Messiah, they shall be saved, who continue in faith, charity, and holiness, with sobriety, 1Ti 2:15.

1 Timothy 2:12-15 In-Context

10 but with good deeds, appropriate for women who profess to worship God.
11 A woman should learn in quietness and full submission.
12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet.
13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve.
14 And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner.
15 But women will be saved through childbearing—if they continue in faith, love and holiness with propriety.

Cross References 4

  • 1. S Ephesians 5:22
  • 2. Genesis 2:7,22; 1 Corinthians 11:8
  • 3. Ge 3:1-6,13; 2 Corinthians 11:3
  • 4. 1 Timothy 1:14

Footnotes 2

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