So I hated life, because what is done under the sun was grievous to me, for 1
all is vanity and a striving after wind.
The Vanity of Toil 18
I hated 2
all my toil in which I toil under the sun, seeing that I must 3
leave it to the man who will come after me,
and who knows whether he will be wise or a fool? Yet he will be master of all for which I toiled and used my wisdom under the sun. This also is vanity.
So I 4
turned about and gave my heart up to despair 5
over all the toil of my labors under the sun,
because sometimes a person who has toiled with wisdom and knowledge and skill must leave everything to be enjoyed by someone who did not toil for it. This also is vanity and a great evil.
What has a man from 6
all the toil and striving of heart with which he toils beneath the sun?
all his days are full of sorrow, and his 8
work is a vexation. Even in the night his heart does not rest. This also is vanity.
There is nothing better for a person than that he should 10
eat and drink and find enjoyment in his toil. This also, I saw, is 11
from the hand of God,
for apart from him who can eat or who can have enjoyment?
For to the one who pleases him 12
God has given wisdom and knowledge and joy, but to the sinner he has given 13
the business of gathering and collecting, 14
only to give to one who pleases God. 15
This also is vanity and a striving after wind.