Revelation 4:5-11

5 From the throne came 1flashes of lightning, and rumblings[a] and peals of thunder, and before the throne were burning 2seven torches of fire, 3which are the seven spirits of God,
6 and before the throne there was 4as it were a sea of glass, like crystal. And around the throne, on each side of the throne, are 5four living creatures, 6full of eyes in front and behind:
7 7the first living creature like a lion, the second living creature like an ox, the third living creature with the face of a man, and the fourth living creature like an eagle in flight.
8 And the four living creatures, 8each of them with six wings, are 9full of eyes all around and within, and 10day and night they never cease to say, 11"Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty, 12who was and is and is to come!"
9 And whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to him who is seated on the throne, 13who lives forever and ever,
10 the twenty-four elders 14fall down before him who is seated on the throne and worship him who lives forever and ever. They cast 15their crowns before the throne, saying,
11 16"Worthy are you, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor and power, for 17you created all things, and 18by your will they existed and were created."

Images for Revelation 4:5-11

Revelation 4:5-11 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO REVELATION 4

This chapter contains an account of the second vision John saw, as preparatory to the sealed book, and the opening of it, as the first vision was to the epistles to the seven churches. The preface to this vision, or the introduction to it, and preparation of John for it, are in Re 4:1,2, which declare the time of it, the position John was in, what he saw and heard, a call to him to come up, and the effect it had upon him; and then follows the vision itself, which is of a throne, described by the place where it was set, in heaven; and by him that sat upon it, Re 4:2, who was like to a jasper and a sardine stone; and by what was about it, first a rainbow of an emerald colour, Re 4:3, then four and twenty seats, with as many elders upon them, sitting clothed and crowned, Re 4:4, and by what went out from it, lightnings, thunderings, and voices; and by what were before it, seven burning lamps, which are the seven spirits of God, Re 4:5, and a sea of glass like crystal; and by what were between it all around, and the elders, four living creatures, described in general by their being full of eyes, before and behind, Re 4:6, in particular, the first by its likeness to a lion, the second by its likeness to a calf, the third by its likeness to a man, and the fourth by its likeness to a flying eagle, Re 4:7, and by what were common to them, first by their wings, of which they had each of them six; and by their eyes, they were full of within; and by their constant employment in celebrating the perfections of God, and in giving glory, honour, and thanks unto him, Re 4:8,9, at which time also the four and twenty elders appear in a worshipping posture, and give adoration to God; partly by deeds, casting their crowns before his throne; and partly by words, ascribing glory, honour, and power to him; giving a reason for it, taken from his creating all things for his pleasure, Re 4:10,11.

Revelation 4:5-11 In-Context

3 And he who sat there had the appearance of jasper and carnelian, and around the throne was a rainbow that had the appearance of an emerald.
4 Around the throne were twenty-four thrones, and seated on the thrones were twenty-four elders, clothed in white garments, with golden crowns on their heads.
5 From the throne came flashes of lightning, and rumblings and peals of thunder, and before the throne were burning seven torches of fire, which are the seven spirits of God,
6 and before the throne there was as it were a sea of glass, like crystal. And around the throne, on each side of the throne, are four living creatures, full of eyes in front and behind:
7 the first living creature like a lion, the second living creature like an ox, the third living creature with the face of a man, and the fourth living creature like an eagle in flight.
8 And the four living creatures, each of them with six wings, are full of eyes all around and within, and day and night they never cease to say, "Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come!"
9 And whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to him who is seated on the throne, who lives forever and ever,
10 the twenty-four elders fall down before him who is seated on the throne and worship him who lives forever and ever. They cast their crowns before the throne, saying,
11 "Worthy are you, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor and power, for you created all things, and by your will they existed and were created."

Cross References 18

  • 1. Revelation 8:5; Revelation 11:19; Revelation 16:18; [Exodus 19:16]
  • 2. [Zechariah 4:2]
  • 3. See Revelation 1:4
  • 4. Revelation 15:2; [Revelation 21:18, 21; Psalms 77:19]
  • 5. Ezekiel 1:5
  • 6. Ezekiel 10:12
  • 7. [Ezekiel 1:10; Ezekiel 10:14]
  • 8. Isaiah 6:2
  • 9. ver. 6
  • 10. Revelation 14:11
  • 11. Isaiah 6:3
  • 12. See Revelation 1:4
  • 13. Revelation 1:18; Revelation 5:13; Revelation 15:7; Daniel 4:34; Daniel 12:7
  • 14. Revelation 5:8, 14; Revelation 7:11; Revelation 11:16; Revelation 19:4
  • 15. ver. 4
  • 16. Revelation 5:12
  • 17. Revelation 10:6; Revelation 14:7; Genesis 1:1; Acts 14:15
  • 18. Psalms 33:9-11; [Ephesians 1:11]

Footnotes 1

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.