Genesis 21:8-21

Hagar and Ishmael Sent Away

8 The child grew and was weaned, and on the day Isaac was weaned Abraham held a great feast.
9 But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking,
10 and she said to Abraham, “Get rid of that slave woman and her son, for that woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with my son Isaac.”
11 The matter distressed Abraham greatly because it concerned his son.
12 But God said to him, “Do not be so distressed about the boy and your slave woman. Listen to whatever Sarah tells you, because it is through Isaac that your offspring[a] will be reckoned.
13 I will make the son of the slave into a nation also, because he is your offspring.”
14 Early the next morning Abraham took some food and a skin of water and gave them to Hagar. He set them on her shoulders and then sent her off with the boy. She went on her way and wandered in the Desert of Beersheba.
15 When the water in the skin was gone, she put the boy under one of the bushes.
16 Then she went off and sat down about a bowshot away, for she thought, “I cannot watch the boy die.” And as she sat there, she[b] began to sob.
17 God heard the boy crying, and the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and said to her, “What is the matter, Hagar? Do not be afraid; God has heard the boy crying as he lies there.
18 Lift the boy up and take him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation.”
19 Then God opened her eyes and she saw a well of water. So she went and filled the skin with water and gave the boy a drink.
20 God was with the boy as he grew up. He lived in the desert and became an archer.
21 While he was living in the Desert of Paran, his mother got a wife for him from Egypt.

Genesis 21:8-21 Meaning and Commentary


This chapter gives an account of the conception, birth, circumcision, and weaning of Isaac, Ge 21:1-8; of the mocking of Ishmael, and of the casting out of him and his mother from Abraham's house, at the request of Sarah, which, though grievous to Abraham, he complied with at the direction of God, Ge 21:9-13; of the provision Abraham made for their departure, and of the supply they met with in the wilderness from God, where Ishmael was brought up, and where he married, Ge 21:14-21; and of a covenant between Abraham and Abimelech, king of Gerar, Ge 21:22-32; and of Abraham's planting a grove, and calling on the name of the Lord, Ge 21:33; and the chapter is closed with this observation, that Abraham sojourned in the land of the Philistines many days, Ge 21:34.

Cross References 21

  • 1. 1 Samuel 1:23
  • 2. S Genesis 16:15
  • 3. Genesis 39:14; Galatians 4:29
  • 4. Genesis 39:17
  • 5. Genesis 25:6; Galatians 4:30*
  • 6. Genesis 17:18
  • 7. Matthew 1:2; Romans 9:7*; Hebrews 11:18*
  • 8. ver 18; S Genesis 13:16
  • 9. S Genesis 16:1
  • 10. ver 31,32; Genesis 22:19; Genesis 26:33; Genesis 28:10; Genesis 46:1,5; Joshua 15:28; Joshua 19:2; Judges 20:1; 1 Samuel 3:20; 1 Chronicles 4:28; Nehemiah 11:27
  • 11. Jeremiah 6:26; Amos 8:10; Zechariah 12:10
  • 12. Exodus 3:7; Numbers 20:16; Deuteronomy 26:7; Psalms 6:8
  • 13. S Genesis 16:7
  • 14. Genesis 22:11,15
  • 15. S Genesis 15:1
  • 16. ver 13; S Genesis 17:20
  • 17. Numbers 22:31
  • 18. S Genesis 16:7
  • 19. Genesis 26:3,24; Genesis 28:15; Genesis 39:2,21,23; Luke 1:66
  • 20. S Genesis 14:6
  • 21. Genesis 24:4,38; Genesis 28:2; Genesis 34:4,8; Judges 14:2

Footnotes 2

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