Hebrews 2:9-18

9 But we do see Jesus, who was made lower than the angels for a little while, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone.
10 In bringing many sons and daughters to glory, it was fitting that God, for whom and through whom everything exists, should make the pioneer of their salvation perfect through what he suffered.
11 Both the one who makes people holy and those who are made holy are of the same family. So Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers and sisters.[a]
12 He says, “I will declare your name to my brothers and sisters; in the assembly I will sing your praises.”[b]
13 And again, “I will put my trust in him.”[c]And again he says, “Here am I, and the children God has given me.”[d]
14 Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might break the power of him who holds the power of death—that is, the devil—
15 and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death.
16 For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham’s descendants.
17 For this reason he had to be made like them,[e] fully human in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people.
18 Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.

Hebrews 2:9-18 Meaning and Commentary


In this chapter the apostle, from the superior excellency of Christ, by whom the Gospel revelation is come, discoursed of in the preceding, urges the believers he writes to, to a more diligent attention to the Gospel, and the doctrines of it; to which he adds another motive inducing thereunto, lest those things should be let slip, and be lost, Heb 2:1 and then, by another argument from the less to the greater, that if the law, which was given by angels, could not be broken with impunity, then how should such escape divine punishment that neglected and despised the Gospel, which is a doctrine of salvation, was delivered by the Lord himself, and confirmed by various testimonies and miracles, Heb 2:2-4. And besides the Gospel dispensation is not put into the hands of angels, but into the hands of Christ, to whom all things are subject, which is proved out of Ps 8:4-6 and which proof shows, that though Christ, on account of his sufferings and death, was for a while made lower than the angels, yet being now crowned with glory and honour, he is above them, and they are subject to him, since all things are, Heb 2:5-9. And this anticipates an objection that might be taken from hence against what the apostle had asserted in the foregoing chapter, concerning the superiority of Christ to angels; and this leads him on to observe the reason of the sufferings and death of Christ, and also of his incarnation; that the moving cause of Christ's sufferings and death was the grace and good will of God; that he did not suffer for himself, but for others, for everyone of those described in the context; that inasmuch as he was the surety of those persons, it was agreeable to the justice of God, and it could not be otherwise, but he must be made perfect through suffering; and this was the way to bring many sons to glory, Heb 2:9,10 and as for his incarnation, or his becoming man, that was necessary, that the sanctifier and the sanctified might be of the same nature, that he might be able to call them brethren and children, Heb 2:11-13 as he does, for which are cited \Ps 22:22 18:2 Isa 8:18\ and because the children he engaged to bring to glory were partakers of flesh and blood; and also that he might be capable of dying, and by dying destroy the devil, and deliver his timorous people, who, through fear of death, lived in a continual state of bondage, Heb 2:14,15 for which reason he did not take upon him the nature of angels, but of the seed of Abraham, Heb 2:16 And besides, it was necessary he should be in all things like unto his brethren, that he might be merciful to them, and faithful to God, and be in a state and condition capable of sympathizing with them, and succouring them under their temptations, which he was able to do by suffering through temptation himself, Heb 2:17,18.

Cross References 23

  • 1. ver 7; Acts 2:33; Acts 3:13; S Philippians 2:9
  • 2. Philippians 2:7-9
  • 3. John 3:16; 2 Corinthians 5:15
  • 4. S Romans 11:36
  • 5. Luke 24:26; Hebrews 5:8,9; Hebrews 7:28
  • 6. Hebrews 13:12
  • 7. S Ephesians 5:26; Hebrews 10:10
  • 8. S Matthew 28:10; John 20:17
  • 9. Psalms 22:22; Psalms 68:26
  • 10. Isaiah 8:17
  • 11. Isaiah 8:18; John 10:29
  • 12. 1 Corinthians 15:50; Ephesians 6:12
  • 13. S John 1:14
  • 14. Genesis 3:15; 1 Corinthians 15:54-57; 2 Timothy 1:10
  • 15. 1 John 3:8
  • 16. S 2 Timothy 1:7
  • 17. S Luke 3:8
  • 18. ver 14; S Philippians 2:7
  • 19. Hebrews 5:2
  • 20. Hebrews 3:1; Hebrews 4:14,15; Hebrews 5:5,10; Hebrews 7:26,28; Hebrews 8:1,3; Hebrews 9:11
  • 21. Hebrews 5:1
  • 22. S Romans 3:25
  • 23. Hebrews 4:15

Footnotes 5

  • [a]. The Greek word for "brothers and sisters" ("adelphoi" ) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family; also in verse 12; and in 3:1, 12; 10:19; 13:22.
  • [b]. Psalm 22:22
  • [c]. Isaiah 8:17
  • [d]. Isaiah 8:18
  • [e]. Or "like his brothers"
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