Leviticus 11:13-19

13 “ ‘These are the birds you are to regard as unclean and not eat because they are unclean: the eagle,[a] the vulture, the black vulture,
14 the red kite, any kind of black kite,
15 any kind of raven,
16 the horned owl, the screech owl, the gull, any kind of hawk,
17 the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl,
18 the white owl, the desert owl, the osprey,
19 the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe and the bat.

Leviticus 11:13-19 Meaning and Commentary


This chapter treats of creatures clean and unclean, as fit or not fit to be eaten; and first of beasts, whose signs are given, Le 11:1-8 then of fishes, which are likewise described, Le 11:9-12 after that of fowls, and those that are not to be eaten are particularly named, Le 11:13-19 next of creeping things, which are distinguished into two sorts, as flying creeping things, of which those that are unclean, their carcasses are not even to be touched, as neither the carcasses of unclean beasts, Le 11:20-28 and creeping things on the earth, which defile by touching, as well as eating, and make everything unclean, upon which, being dead, they fall, Le 11:29-43 and these laws are enforced from the holiness and goodness of God, Le 11:44,45 and the chapter is concluded with a recapitulation of them, Le 11:46,47.

Cross References 6

  • 1. S Genesis 1:11
  • 2. S Genesis 8:7
  • 3. Isaiah 13:21; Isaiah 14:23; Isaiah 34:11,13; Zephaniah 2:14
  • 4. Zechariah 5:9
  • 5. S Genesis 1:11
  • 6. Isaiah 2:20

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. The precise identification of some of the birds, insects and animals in this chapter is uncertain.
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