Compare Translations for 1 Chronicles 18:3

1 Chronicles 18:3 ASV
And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion by the river Euphrates.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 BBE
Then David overcame Hadadezer, king of Zobah, near Hamath, when he was going to make his power seen by the river Euphrates.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 CEB
David defeated Zobah's King Hadadezer at Hamath, as he continued to establish his control along the Euphrates River.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 CJB
David, on his way to establish his dominion as far as the Euphrates River, also defeated Hadar'ezer king of Tzovah near Hamat.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 RHE
At that time David defeated also Adarezer king of Soba of the land of Hemath, when he went to extend his dominions as far as the river Euphrates.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 ESV
David also defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah-Hamath, as he went to set up his monument at the river Euphrates.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 GW
When David went to establish his control [over the territory] along the Euphrates River, he defeated King Hadadezer at Hamath.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 GNT
Next, David attacked King Hadadezer of the Syrian state of Zobah, near the territory of Hamath, because Hadadezer was trying to gain control of the territory by the upper Euphrates River.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 HNV
David struck Hadad`ezer king of Tzovah to Hamat, as he went to establish his dominion by the river Perat.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 CSB
David also defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah at Hamath when he went to establish his control at the Euphrates River.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 KJV
And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 LEB
And David struck Hadadezer, king of Zobah-Hamath, as he set up his monument at the Euphrates River.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 NAS
David also defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his rule to the Euphrates River.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 NCV
David also defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah all the way to the town of Hamath as he tried to spread his kingdom to the Euphrates River.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 NIRV
David fought against Hadadezer all the way to Hamath. Hadadezer was king of Zobah. He had gone to take complete control of the land along the Euphrates River.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 NIV
Moreover, David fought Hadadezer king of Zobah, as far as Hamath, when he went to establish his control along the Euphrates River.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 NKJV
And David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his power by the River Euphrates.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 NLT
Then David destroyed the forces of King Hadadezer of Zobah, as far as Hamath, when Hadadezer marched out to strengthen his control along the Euphrates River.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 NRS
David also struck down King Hadadezer of Zobah, toward Hamath, as he went to set up a monument at the river Euphrates.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 RSV
David also defeated Hadade'zer king of Zobah, toward Hamath, as he went to set up his monument at the river Euphra'tes.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 DBY
And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah, at Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion by the river Euphrates.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 MSG
On his way to restore his sovereignty at the Euphrates River, David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah (over toward Hamath).
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1 Chronicles 18:3 WBT
And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah to Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion by the river Euphrates.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 TMB
And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah toward Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion by the River Euphrates.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 TNIV
Moreover, David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah, in the vicinity of Hamath, when he went to set up his monument at the Euphrates River.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 WEB
David struck Hadarezer king of Zobah to Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion by the river Euphrates.
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1 Chronicles 18:3 WYC
In that time David smote also Hadadezer , king of Zobah, of the country of Hamath, when he went to alarge his empire till to the flood Euphrates. (At that time David also struck down Hadadezer, the king of Zobah, of the country of Hamath, when he went to enlarge his empire unto the Euphrates River.)
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1 Chronicles 18:3 YLT
And David smiteth Hadarezer king of Zobah, at Hamath, in his going to establish his power by the river Phrat,
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1 Chronicles 18 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 18

David's victories.

( 2 Samuel 19 ) under the Captain of our salvation, will end in everlasting triumph and peace. The happiness of Israel, through David's victories, and just government, faintly shadowed forth the happiness of the redeemed in the realms above.

1 Chronicles 18 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 18

1 Chronicles 18:1 1 Chronicles 18:2 . DAVID SUBDUES THE PHILISTINES AND MOABITES.

1. David . . . took Gath and her towns--The full extent of David's conquests in the Philistine territory is here distinctly stated, whereas in the parallel passage ( 2 Samuel 8:1 ) it was only described in a general way. Gath was the "Metheg-ammah," or "arm-bridle," as it is there called--either from its supremacy as the capital over the other Philistine towns, or because, in the capture of that important place and its dependencies, he obtained the complete control of his restless neighbors.

2. he smote Moab--The terrible severities by which David's conquest of that people was marked, and the probable reason of their being subjected to such a dreadful retribution, are narrated ( 2 Samuel 8:2 ).
the Moabites . . . brought gifts--that is, became tributary to Israel.

1 Chronicles 18:3-17 . DAVID SMITES HADADEZER AND THE SYRIANS.

3. Hadarezer--or, "Hadadezer" ( 2 Samuel 8:3 ), which was probably the original form of the name, was derived from Hadad, a Syrian deity. It seems to have become the official and hereditary title of the rulers of that kingdom.
Zobah--Its situation is determined by the words "unto" or "towards Hamath," a little to the northeast of Damascus, and is supposed by some to be the same place as in earlier times was called Hobah ( Genesis 14:15 ). Previous to the rise of Damascus, Zobah was the capital of the kingdom which held supremacy among the petty states of Syria.
as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates--Some refer this to David, who was seeking to extend his possessions in one direction towards a point bordering on the Euphrates, in accordance with the promise ( Genesis 15:18 , Numbers 24:17 ). But others are of opinion that, as David's name is mentioned ( 1 Chronicles 18:4 ), this reference is most applicable to Hadadezer.

4-8. And David took from him a thousand In 2 Samuel 8:4 David is said to have taken seven hundred horsemen, whereas here it is said that he took seven thousand. This great discrepancy in the text of the two narratives seems to have originated with a transcriber in confounding the two Hebrew letters which indicate the numbers, and in neglecting to mark or obscure the points over one of them. We have no means of ascertaining whether seven hundred or seven thousand be the more correct. Probably the former should be adopted [DAVIDSON'S HERMENUTICS].
but reserved of them an hundred chariots--probably to grace a triumphal procession on his return to Jerusalem, and after using them in that way, destroy them like the rest.

8. from Tibhath and from Chun--These places are called Betah and Berothai ( 2 Samuel 8:8 ). Perhaps the one might be the Jewish, the other the Syrian, name of these towns. Neither their situation nor the connection between them is known. The Arabic version makes them to be Emesa (now Hems) and Baal-bek, both of which agree very well with the relative position of Zobah.

9-13. Tou--or Toi--whose dominions border on those of Hadadezer.

17. the Cherethites and the Pelethites--who formed the royal bodyguard. The Cherethites were, most probably, those brave men who all along accompanied David while among the Philistines, and from that people derived their name ( 1 Samuel 30:14 , Ezekiel 25:16 , Zephaniah 2:5 ) as well as their skill in archery--while the Pelethites were those who joined him at Ziklag, took their name from Pelet, the chief man in the company ( 1 Chronicles 12:3 ), and, being Benjamites, were expert in the use of the sling.