1 Chronicles 18

David’s Victories

1 In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Gath and its surrounding villages from the control of the Philistines.
2 David also defeated the Moabites, and they became subject to him and brought him tribute.
3 Moreover, David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah, in the vicinity of Hamath, when he went to set up his monument at[a] the Euphrates River.
4 David captured a thousand of his chariots, seven thousand charioteers and twenty thousand foot soldiers. He hamstrung all but a hundred of the chariot horses.
5 When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand of them.
6 He put garrisons in the Aramean kingdom of Damascus, and the Arameans became subject to him and brought him tribute. The LORD gave David victory wherever he went.
7 David took the gold shields carried by the officers of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem.
8 From Tebah[b] and Kun, towns that belonged to Hadadezer, David took a great quantity of bronze, which Solomon used to make the bronze Sea, the pillars and various bronze articles.
9 When Tou king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer king of Zobah,
10 he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet him and congratulate him on his victory in battle over Hadadezer, who had been at war with Tou. Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold, of silver and of bronze.
11 King David dedicated these articles to the LORD, as he had done with the silver and gold he had taken from all these nations: Edom and Moab, the Ammonites and the Philistines, and Amalek.
12 Abishai son of Zeruiah struck down eighteen thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
13 He put garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became subject to David. The LORD gave David victory wherever he went.

David’s Officials

14 David reigned over all Israel, doing what was just and right for all his people.
15 Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder;
16 Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelek[c] son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha was secretary;
17 Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Kerethites and Pelethites; and David’s sons were chief officials at the king’s side.

1 Chronicles 18 Commentary

Chapter 18

David's victories.

( 2 Samuel 19 ) under the Captain of our salvation, will end in everlasting triumph and peace. The happiness of Israel, through David's victories, and just government, faintly shadowed forth the happiness of the redeemed in the realms above.

Cross References 15

  • 1. S Numbers 21:29
  • 2. 1 Chronicles 19:6
  • 3. S Genesis 2:14
  • 4. S Genesis 49:6
  • 5. 2 Kings 16:9; 1 Chronicles 19:6
  • 6. S 1 Kings 7:23; 2 Chronicles 4:2-5; 2Ch 4:12,15-16
  • 7. S Numbers 24:18
  • 8. Numbers 24:20
  • 9. 1 Kings 11:15
  • 10. 1 Chronicles 29:26
  • 11. 1 Chronicles 11:1
  • 12. 2 Samuel 5:6-8; 1 Chronicles 11:6
  • 13. 2 Samuel 8:17; 1 Chronicles 6:8
  • 14. 1 Chronicles 24:6
  • 15. S 1 Samuel 30:14; S 2 Samuel 8:18; 2 Samuel 15:18

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Or "to restore his control over"
  • [b]. Hebrew "Tibhath," a variant of "Tebah"
  • [c]. Some Hebrew manuscripts, Vulgate and Syriac (see also 2 Samuel 8:17); most Hebrew manuscripts "Abimelek"

Chapter Summary


The eighteenth and nineteenth chapters are the same with 2Sa 8:1-10:19, 20:1-26 with very little variations, which are observed in the notes on them, to which the reader is referred. 18850-950102-2024-1Ch18.2

1 Chronicles 18 Commentaries

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