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Compare Translations for 1 Chronicles 18:5

1 Chronicles 18:5 ASV
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succor Hadarezer king of Zobah, David smote of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 BBE
And when the Aramaeans of Damascus came to the help of Hadadezer, king of Zobah, David put to the sword twenty-two thousand Aramaeans.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 CEB
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Zobah's King Hadadezer, David killed twenty-two thousand of the Arameans.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 CJB
When the people of Aram from Dammesek came to the aid of Hadar'ezer king of Tzovah, David killed 22,000 men of Aram.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 RHE
And the Syrians of Damascus came also to help Adarezer king of Soba: and David slew of them likewise two and twenty thousand men.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 ESV
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down 22,000 men of the Syrians.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 GW
When the Arameans from Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David killed 22,000 of them.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 GNT
When the Syrians of Damascus sent an army to help King Hadadezer, David attacked it and killed twenty-two thousand men.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 HNV
When the Aram of Dammesek came to help Hadad`ezer king of Tzovah, David struck of the Aram twenty-two thousand men.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 CSB
When the Arameans of Damascus came to assist King Hadadezer of Zobah, David struck down 22,000 Aramean men.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 KJV
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 LEB
And when the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah-Hamath, David struck down twenty-two thousand men of Aram.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 NAS
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed 22,000 men of the Arameans.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 NCV
Arameans from Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, but David killed twenty-two thousand of them.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 NIRV
The Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, the king of Zobah. But David struck down 22,000 of them.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 NIV
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand of them.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 NKJV
When the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand of the Syrians.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 NLT
When Arameans from Damascus arrived to help Hadadezer, David killed twenty-two thousand of them.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 NRS
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand Arameans.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 RSV
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadade'zer king of Zobah, David slew twenty-two thousand men of the Syrians.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 DBY
And the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, and David smote of the Syrians twenty-two thousand men.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 MSG
When the Arameans from Damascus came to the aid of Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed 22,000 of them.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 WBT
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 TMB
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 TNIV
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand of them.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 WEB
When the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David struck of the Syrians twenty-two thousand men.
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1 Chronicles 18:5 WYC
Forsooth also (the) Syrians of Damascus came above, to give help to Hadadezer, king of Zobah, but David smote also of his two and twenty thousand of men; (And when the Syrians of Damascus came over, to give help to Hadadezer, the king of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand of them;)
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1 Chronicles 18:5 YLT
And Aram of Damascus cometh in to give help to Hadarezer king of Zobah, and David smiteth in Aram twenty and two thousand men,
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1 Chronicles 18 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 18

David's victories.

( 2 Samuel 19 ) under the Captain of our salvation, will end in everlasting triumph and peace. The happiness of Israel, through David's victories, and just government, faintly shadowed forth the happiness of the redeemed in the realms above.

1 Chronicles 18 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 18

1 Chronicles 18:1 1 Chronicles 18:2 . DAVID SUBDUES THE PHILISTINES AND MOABITES.

1. David . . . took Gath and her towns--The full extent of David's conquests in the Philistine territory is here distinctly stated, whereas in the parallel passage ( 2 Samuel 8:1 ) it was only described in a general way. Gath was the "Metheg-ammah," or "arm-bridle," as it is there called--either from its supremacy as the capital over the other Philistine towns, or because, in the capture of that important place and its dependencies, he obtained the complete control of his restless neighbors.

2. he smote Moab--The terrible severities by which David's conquest of that people was marked, and the probable reason of their being subjected to such a dreadful retribution, are narrated ( 2 Samuel 8:2 ).
the Moabites . . . brought gifts--that is, became tributary to Israel.

1 Chronicles 18:3-17 . DAVID SMITES HADADEZER AND THE SYRIANS.

3. Hadarezer--or, "Hadadezer" ( 2 Samuel 8:3 ), which was probably the original form of the name, was derived from Hadad, a Syrian deity. It seems to have become the official and hereditary title of the rulers of that kingdom.
Zobah--Its situation is determined by the words "unto" or "towards Hamath," a little to the northeast of Damascus, and is supposed by some to be the same place as in earlier times was called Hobah ( Genesis 14:15 ). Previous to the rise of Damascus, Zobah was the capital of the kingdom which held supremacy among the petty states of Syria.
as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates--Some refer this to David, who was seeking to extend his possessions in one direction towards a point bordering on the Euphrates, in accordance with the promise ( Genesis 15:18 , Numbers 24:17 ). But others are of opinion that, as David's name is mentioned ( 1 Chronicles 18:4 ), this reference is most applicable to Hadadezer.

4-8. And David took from him a thousand In 2 Samuel 8:4 David is said to have taken seven hundred horsemen, whereas here it is said that he took seven thousand. This great discrepancy in the text of the two narratives seems to have originated with a transcriber in confounding the two Hebrew letters which indicate the numbers, and in neglecting to mark or obscure the points over one of them. We have no means of ascertaining whether seven hundred or seven thousand be the more correct. Probably the former should be adopted [DAVIDSON'S HERMENUTICS].
but reserved of them an hundred chariots--probably to grace a triumphal procession on his return to Jerusalem, and after using them in that way, destroy them like the rest.

8. from Tibhath and from Chun--These places are called Betah and Berothai ( 2 Samuel 8:8 ). Perhaps the one might be the Jewish, the other the Syrian, name of these towns. Neither their situation nor the connection between them is known. The Arabic version makes them to be Emesa (now Hems) and Baal-bek, both of which agree very well with the relative position of Zobah.

9-13. Tou--or Toi--whose dominions border on those of Hadadezer.

17. the Cherethites and the Pelethites--who formed the royal bodyguard. The Cherethites were, most probably, those brave men who all along accompanied David while among the Philistines, and from that people derived their name ( 1 Samuel 30:14 , Ezekiel 25:16 , Zephaniah 2:5 ) as well as their skill in archery--while the Pelethites were those who joined him at Ziklag, took their name from Pelet, the chief man in the company ( 1 Chronicles 12:3 ), and, being Benjamites, were expert in the use of the sling.