1 Kings 7 NIV

Solomon Builds His Palace

1 It took Solomon thirteen years, however, to complete the construction of his palace.1

References for 1 Kings 7:1

2 He built the Palace2 of the Forest of Lebanon3 a hundred cubits long, fifty wide and thirty high,a with four rows of cedar columns supporting trimmed cedar beams.

References for 1 Kings 7:2

    • a 7:2 - That is, about 150 feet (about 46 meters) long, 75 feet (about 23 meters) wide and 45 feet (about 13.5 meters) high
      3 It was roofed with cedar above the beams that rested on the columns--forty-five beams, fifteen to a row.
      4 Its windows were placed high in sets of three, facing each other.
      5 All the doorways had rectangular frames; they were in the front part in sets of three, facing each other.b

      References for 1 Kings 7:5

        • b 7:5 - The meaning of the Hebrew for this verse is uncertain.
          6 He made a colonnade fifty cubits long and thirty wide.c In front of it was a portico, and in front of that were pillars and an overhanging roof.

          References for 1 Kings 7:6

            • c 7:6 - That is, about 75 feet (about 23 meters) long and 45 feet (about 13.5 meters) wide
              7 He built the throne hall, the Hall of Justice, where he was to judge,4 and he covered it with cedar from floor to ceiling.d5

              References for 1 Kings 7:7

                • d 7:7 - Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew "floor"
                  8 And the palace in which he was to live, set farther back, was similar in design. Solomon also made a palace like this hall for Pharaoh's daughter, whom he had married.6

                  References for 1 Kings 7:8

                  9 All these structures, from the outside to the great courtyard and from foundation to eaves, were made of blocks of high-grade stone cut to size and trimmed with a saw on their inner and outer faces.
                  10 The foundations were laid with large stones of good quality, some measuring ten cubitse and some eight.f

                  References for 1 Kings 7:10

                    • e 7:10 - That is, about 15 feet (about 4.5 meters)
                    • f 7:10 - That is, about 12 feet (about 3.6 meters)
                      11 Above were high-grade stones, cut to size, and cedar beams.
                      12 The great courtyard was surrounded by a wall of three courses7 of dressed stone and one course of trimmed cedar beams, as was the inner courtyard of the temple of the LORD with its portico.

                      References for 1 Kings 7:12

                      The Temple's Furnishings

                      7:23-26pp -- 2Ch 4:2-5 7:38-51pp -- 2Ch 4:6,10-5:1

                      13 King Solomon sent to Tyre and brought Huram,g8

                      References for 1 Kings 7:13

                        • g 7:13 - Hebrew "Hiram," a variant of "Huram"; also in verses 40 and 45
                          14 whose mother was a widow from the tribe of Naphtali and whose father was a man of Tyre and a craftsman in bronze. Huram was highly skilled9 and experienced in all kinds of bronze work. He came to King Solomon and did all10 the work assigned to him.

                          References for 1 Kings 7:14

                          15 He cast two bronze pillars,11 each eighteen cubits high and twelve cubits around,h by line.

                          References for 1 Kings 7:15

                            • h 7:15 - That is, about 27 feet (about 8.1 meters) high and 18 feet (about 5.4 meters) around
                              16 He also made two capitals12 of cast bronze to set on the tops of the pillars; each capital was five cubitsi high.

                              References for 1 Kings 7:16

                                • i 7:16 - That is, about 7 1/2 feet (about 2.3 meters); also in verse 23
                                  17 A network of interwoven chains festooned the capitals on top of the pillars, seven for each capital.
                                  18 He made pomegranates in two rowsj encircling each network to decorate the capitals on top of the pillars.k He did the same for each capital.

                                  References for 1 Kings 7:18

                                    • j 7:18 - Two Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts "made the pillars, and there were two rows"
                                    • k 7:18 - Many Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts "pomegranates"
                                      19 The capitals on top of the pillars in the portico were in the shape of lilies, four cubitsl high.

                                      References for 1 Kings 7:19

                                        • l 7:19 - That is, about 6 feet (about 1.8 meters); also in verse 38
                                          20 On the capitals of both pillars, above the bowl-shaped part next to the network, were the two hundred pomegranates13 in rows all around.

                                          References for 1 Kings 7:20

                                          21 He erected the pillars at the portico of the temple. The pillar to the south he named Jakinm and the one to the north Boaz.n14

                                          References for 1 Kings 7:21

                                            • m 7:21 - "Jakin" probably means "he establishes."
                                            • n 7:21 - "Boaz" probably means "in him is strength."
                                              22 The capitals on top were in the shape of lilies. And so the work on the pillars15 was completed.

                                              References for 1 Kings 7:22

                                              23 He made the Sea16 of cast metal, circular in shape, measuring ten cubitso from rim to rim and five cubits high. It took a line17 of thirty cubitsp to measure around it.

                                              References for 1 Kings 7:23

                                                • o 7:23 - That is, about 15 feet (about 4.5 meters)
                                                • p 7:23 - That is, about 45 feet (about 13.5 meters)
                                                  24 Below the rim, gourds encircled it--ten to a cubit. The gourds were cast in two rows in one piece with the Sea.
                                                  25 The Sea stood on twelve bulls,18 three facing north, three facing west, three facing south and three facing east. The Sea rested on top of them, and their hindquarters were toward the center.

                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:25

                                                  26 It was a handbreadthq in thickness, and its rim was like the rim of a cup, like a lily blossom. It held two thousand baths.r

                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:26

                                                    • q 7:26 - That is, about 3 inches (about 8 centimeters)
                                                    • r 7:26 - That is, probably about 11,500 gallons (about 44 kiloliters); the Septuagint does not have this sentence.
                                                      27 He also made ten movable stands19 of bronze; each was four cubits long, four wide and three high.s

                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:27

                                                        • s 7:27 - That is, about 6 feet (about 1.8 meters) long and wide and about 4 1/2 feet (about 1.3 meters) high
                                                          28 This is how the stands were made: They had side panels attached to uprights.
                                                          29 On the panels between the uprights were lions, bulls and cherubim--and on the uprights as well. Above and below the lions and bulls were wreaths of hammered work.
                                                          30 Each stand20 had four bronze wheels with bronze axles, and each had a basin resting on four supports, cast with wreaths on each side.

                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:30

                                                          31 On the inside of the stand there was an opening that had a circular frame one cubitt deep. This opening was round, and with its basework it measured a cubit and a half.u Around its opening there was engraving. The panels of the stands were square, not round.

                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:31

                                                            • t 7:31 - That is, about 1 1/2 feet (about 0.5 meter)
                                                            • u 7:31 - That is, about 2 1/4 feet (about 0.7 meter); also in verse 32
                                                              32 The four wheels were under the panels, and the axles of the wheels were attached to the stand. The diameter of each wheel was a cubit and a half.
                                                              33 The wheels were made like chariot wheels; the axles, rims, spokes and hubs were all of cast metal.
                                                              34 Each stand had four handles, one on each corner, projecting from the stand.
                                                              35 At the top of the stand there was a circular band half a cubitv deep. The supports and panels were attached to the top of the stand.

                                                              References for 1 Kings 7:35

                                                                • v 7:35 - That is, about 3/4 foot (about 0.2 meter)
                                                                  36 He engraved cherubim, lions and palm trees on the surfaces of the supports and on the panels, in every available space, with wreaths all around.
                                                                  37 This is the way he made the ten stands. They were all cast in the same molds and were identical in size and shape.
                                                                  38 He then made ten bronze basins,21 each holding forty bathsw and measuring four cubits across, one basin to go on each of the ten stands.

                                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:38

                                                                    • w 7:38 - That is, about 230 gallons (about 880 liters)
                                                                      39 He placed five of the stands on the south side of the temple and five on the north. He placed the Sea on the south side, at the southeast corner of the temple.
                                                                      40 He also made the basins and shovels and sprinkling bowls.22 So Huram finished all the work he had undertaken for King Solomon in the temple of the LORD:

                                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:40

                                                                      41 the two pillars; the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars; the two sets of network decorating the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars;
                                                                      42 the four hundred pomegranates for the two sets of network (two rows of pomegranates for each network, decorating the bowl-shaped capitals23 on top of the pillars);

                                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:42

                                                                        • 23 7:42 - S ver 16; ver 20
                                                                          43 the ten stands with their ten basins;
                                                                          44 the Sea and the twelve bulls under it;
                                                                          45 the pots, shovels and sprinkling bowls.24 All these objects that Huram25 made for King Solomon for the temple of the LORD were of burnished bronze.

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                                                                              46 The king had them cast in clay molds in the plain26 of the Jordan between Succoth27 and Zarethan.28

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                                                                              47 Solomon left all these things unweighed,29 because there were so many;30 the weight of the bronze31 was not determined.

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                                                                              48 Solomon also made all32 the furnishings that were in the LORD's temple: the golden altar; the golden table33 on which was the bread of the Presence;34

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                                                                              49 the lampstands35 of pure gold (five on the right and five on the left, in front of the inner sanctuary); the gold floral work and lamps and tongs;

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                                                                              50 the pure gold basins, wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls, dishes36 and censers;37 and the gold sockets for the doors of the innermost room, the Most Holy Place, and also for the doors of the main hall of the temple.

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                                                                              51 When all the work King Solomon had done for the temple of the LORD was finished, he brought in the things his father David had dedicated38--the silver and gold and the furnishings39--and he placed them in the treasuries of the LORD's temple.

                                                                              References for 1 Kings 7:51