Later they sent some of the Pharisees and Herodians1 to Jesus to catch him2 in his words.
They came to him and said, "Teacher, we know you are a man of integrity. You aren't swayed by men, because you pay no attention to who they are; but you teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar or not?
Should we pay or shouldn't we?" But Jesus knew their hypocrisy. "Why are you trying to trap me?" he asked. "Bring me a denarius and let me look at it."16
They brought the coin, and he asked them, "Whose portrait is this? And whose inscription?" "Caesar's," they replied.
Then Jesus said to them, "Give to Caesar what is Caesar's and to God what is God's."3 And they were amazed at him.
Then the Sadducees,4 who say there is no resurrection,5 came to him with a question.
"Teacher," they said, "Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother dies and leaves a wife but no children, the man must marry the widow and have children for his brother.620
Now there were seven brothers. The first one married and died without leaving any children.
The second one married the widow, but he also died, leaving no child. It was the same with the third.
In fact, none of the seven left any children. Last of all, the woman died too.
At the resurrectiona whose wife will she be, since the seven were married to her?"
Jesus replied, "Are you not in error because you do not know the Scriptures7 or the power of God?25When the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven.826Now about the dead rising--have you not read in the book of Moses, in the account of the bush, how God said to him, 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'b927He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You are badly mistaken!"
One of the teachers of the law10 came and heard them debating. Noticing that Jesus had given them a good answer, he asked him, "Of all the commandments, which is the most important?"
29"The most important one," answered Jesus, "is this: 'Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one.c30Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.'d1131The second is this: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'e12 There is no commandment greater than these."32
"Well said, teacher," the man replied. "You are right in saying that God is one and there is no other but him.1333
To love him with all your heart, with all your understanding and with all your strength, and to love your neighbor as yourself is more important than all burnt offerings and sacrifices."1434
When Jesus saw that he had answered wisely, he said to him, "You are not far from the kingdom of God."15 And from then on no one dared ask him any more questions.16
While Jesus was teaching in the temple courts,17 he asked, "How is it that the teachers of the law say that the Christf is the son of David?1836David himself, speaking by the Holy Spirit,19 declared: " 'The Lord said to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet." 'g2037David himself calls him 'Lord.' How then can he be his son?" The large crowd21 listened to him with delight.
As he taught, Jesus said, "Watch out for the teachers of the law. They like to walk around in flowing robes and be greeted in the marketplaces,39and have the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets.2240They devour widows' houses and for a show make lengthy prayers. Such men will be punished most severely."