The wrath of God1 is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of men who suppress the truth by their wickedness,
since what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them.220
For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities--his eternal power and divine nature--have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made,3 so that men are without excuse.421
For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened.522
Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools623
and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images7 made to look like mortal man and birds and animals and reptiles.
Therefore God gave them over8 in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another.925
They exchanged the truth of God for a lie,10 and worshiped and served created things11 rather than the Creator--who is forever praised.12 Amen.1326
Because of this, God gave them over14 to shameful lusts.15 Even their women exchanged natural relations for unnatural ones.1627
In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed indecent acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their perversion.1728
Furthermore, since they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, he gave them over18 to a depraved mind, to do what ought not to be done.
They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips,1930
slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents;2031
they are senseless, faithless, heartless,21 ruthless.
Although they know God's righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death,22 they not only continue to do these very things but also approve23 of those who practice them.