The unheard of judgment of caterpillars and locusts, ver. 1 - 7.
All sorts us people are called on to lament it, ver. 8 - 13.
And to humble themselves before God, 14 - 20.
|1:1||Came to Joel - Probably in the latter end of Jeroboam the second's reign over Israel and in the days of Uzziah, over Judah.|
|1:2||Old men - The oldest among you, who can remember things done many years ago.|
|1:4||Palmer - worm - Four sorts of insects, are here mentioned, which succeeded each other, and devoured all that might be a support to the Jews, whence ensued a grievous famine.|
|1:5||Is cut off - Suddenly cut off even when you are ready to drink it, and totally cut off by these devouring vermin.|
|1:6||A nation - An innumerable multitude of locusts and caterpillars, called a nation here, as Solomon calls the conies and the ant, Proverbs 30:25 ,26, and perhaps a prognostick of a very numerous and mightynation, that ere long will invade Judah. Strong - Mighty in power, and undaunted in courage, if you refer it to the Assyrian or Babylonians; if to those vermin, they are, though each weak by itself, yet in those multitudes, strong and irresistible. A great lion - Such waste as lions make, these the locusts do, and the Assyrians will make.|
|1:8||The husband of her youth - Espoused to her, but snatched away by an untimely death.|
|1:9||The drink - offering - By the destruction of the vines, all wine (out of which they ought to offer the drink - offering) failed.|
|1:10||The corn - The wheat and barley, is eaten up in its greenness.Dried up - The drought was so great, that the vines were withered, and all their hopes of new wine cut off. The oil - The olive - trees.Languisheth - This is a plain account of the reason why the priests were called to mourn, and why the meal - offering and drink - offering were cut off.|
|1:11||Be ye ashamed - This is a just cause why you should lament and enquire why God is so displeased with you.|
|1:14||Sanctify ye - Ye priests, set apart a day wherein to afflict yourselves, confess your sins, and sue out your pardon.Into the house - The courts of the temple, where the people were wont to pray.|
|1:15||The day of the Lord - A day of greater trouble than yet they felt, troubles which God will heap upon them.Shall it come - Unless fasting, prayers and amendment prevent.|
|1:16||Cut off - Devoured by locusts, or withered with drought.|
|1:17||Laid desolate - Run to ruin because the owners discouraged with the barrenness of the seasons, would not repair them.|
|1:19||The fire - The immoderate heats. The wilderness - The world, only means places not ploughed, and less inhabited than others.|
|1:20||Cry - They utter their complaints, their sad tones, they have a voice to cry, as well as an eye to look to God.|