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The Breastpiece

15 “Fashion a breastpiece for making decisions—the work of skilled hands. Make it like the ephod: of gold, and of blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and of finely twisted linen.

References for Exodus 28:15

16 It is to be square—a spana long and a span wide—and folded double.

References for Exodus 28:16

    • ± 28:16 - That is, about 9 inches or about 23 centimeters
      17 Then mount four rows of precious stones on it. The first row shall be carnelian, chrysolite and beryl;

      References for Exodus 28:17

      18 the second row shall be turquoise, lapis lazuli and emerald;
      19 the third row shall be jacinth, agate and amethyst;
      20 the fourth row shall be topaz, onyx and jasper.b Mount them in gold filigree settings.

      References for Exodus 28:20

        • ² 28:20 - The precise identification of some of these precious stones is uncertain.
          21 There are to be twelve stones, one for each of the names of the sons of Israel, each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.

          References for Exodus 28:21

          22 “For the breastpiece make braided chains of pure gold, like a rope.
          23 Make two gold rings for it and fasten them to two corners of the breastpiece.
          24 Fasten the two gold chains to the rings at the corners of the breastpiece,
          25 and the other ends of the chains to the two settings, attaching them to the shoulder pieces of the ephod at the front.
          26 Make two gold rings and attach them to the other two corners of the breastpiece on the inside edge next to the ephod.
          27 Make two more gold rings and attach them to the bottom of the shoulder pieces on the front of the ephod, close to the seam just above the waistband of the ephod.
          28 The rings of the breastpiece are to be tied to the rings of the ephod with blue cord, connecting it to the waistband, so that the breastpiece will not swing out from the ephod.
          29 “Whenever Aaron enters the Holy Place, he will bear the names of the sons of Israel over his heart on the breastpiece of decision as a continuing memorial before the LORD.

          References for Exodus 28:29

            • 25 28:29 - ver 43; ver 12
              30 Also put the Urim and the Thummim in the breastpiece, so they may be over Aaron’s heart whenever he enters the presence of the LORD. Thus Aaron will always bear the means of making decisions for the Israelites over his heart before the LORD.