Exodus 28:19

19 the third row shall be jacinth, agate and amethyst;

Exodus 28:19 in Other Translations

19 And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.
19 and the third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;
19 The third row will contain an orange jacinth, an agate, and a purple amethyst.
19 Third row: jacinth, agate, amethyst.
19 the third row, a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;

Exodus 28:19 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 28:19

And the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.
] The first of these stones, the ligure or lyncurius, is said to be so called from the congealed urine of the lynx F14, but rather from the spots of that creature; for, according to Danaeus F15, it is the same stone with that called "stellina", from having many specks like stars spread about in it. Braunius F16 takes the "jacinth" stone to be here meant, and so does Ainsworth; see ( Revelation 21:20 ) , the second stone, the agate, is well known; and though now of little account, was formerly in great esteem, as Pliny F17 asserts, and therefore may well be thought to have a place among these stones. Pyrrhus king of Epirus had a very famous one, in which, not by art, but by nature, were seen the nine Muses, and Apollo holding an harp; the word for it here is "shebo", which comes from a word which signifies to captivate; because, as De Dieu observes, this stone is easily captivated under the hand of the artificer; there being no stone which so easily admits of engravings as this. The last of this row is the "amethyst"; which stone has its name either from its being of the colour of wine; or, as others, from its being a preservative from drunkenness: the Hebrew word "achlamah" seems to come from a word which signifies to dream; and this stone is supposed to cause persons to dream, as Aben Ezra, from one of their wise men, relates. On these three stones, according to the Jerusalem Targum, were written the names of the tribes of Dan, Naphtali, and Gad; but, according to the Targum of Jonathan, Gad, Asher, and Issachar, which is much better, for a reason before given.


F14 Vid. Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 37. c. 3.
F15 Apud De Dieu in loc.
F16 Ut supra, (De Vestitu Sacerd. Heb. l. 2.) c. 14. sect. 9. p. 699.
F17 Nat. Hist. l. 37. c. 10.

Exodus 28:19 In-Context

17 Then mount four rows of precious stones on it. The first row shall be carnelian, chrysolite and beryl;
18 the second row shall be turquoise, lapis lazuli and emerald;
19 the third row shall be jacinth, agate and amethyst;
20 the fourth row shall be topaz, onyx and jasper. Mount them in gold filigree settings.
21 There are to be twelve stones, one for each of the names of the sons of Israel, each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.
Scripture quoted by permission.  Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®.  NIV®.  Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica.  All rights reserved worldwide.