The soul who sins is the one who will die.1 The son will not share the guilt of the father, nor will the father share the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous man will be credited to him, and the wickedness of the wicked will be charged against him.2
References for Ezekiel 18:20
"But if3 a wicked man turns away from all the sins he has committed and keeps all my decrees4 and does what is just and right, he will surely live; he will not die.5
References for Ezekiel 18:21
None of the offenses he has committed will be remembered against him. Because of the righteous things he has done, he will live.6
References for Ezekiel 18:22
Do I take any pleasure in the death of the wicked? declares the Sovereign LORD. Rather, am I not pleased7 when they turn from their ways and live?8
References for Ezekiel 18:23
"But if a righteous man turns9 from his righteousness and commits sin and does the same detestable things the wicked man does, will he live? None of the righteous things he has done will be remembered. Because of the unfaithfulness10 he is guilty of and because of the sins he has committed, he will die.11
References for Ezekiel 18:24
"Yet you say, 'The way of the Lord is not just.'12 Hear, O house of Israel: Is my way unjust?13 Is it not your ways that are unjust?
References for Ezekiel 18:25
If a righteous man turns from his righteousness and commits sin, he will die for it; because of the sin he has committed he will die.
But if a wicked man turns away from the wickedness he has committed and does what is just and right, he will save his life.14
References for Ezekiel 18:27
Because he considers all the offenses he has committed and turns away from them, he will surely live; he will not die.15
References for Ezekiel 18:28
Yet the house of Israel says, 'The way of the Lord is not just.' Are my ways unjust, O house of Israel? Is it not your ways that are unjust?
"Therefore, O house of Israel, I will judge you, each one according to his ways, declares the Sovereign LORD. Repent!16 Turn away from all your offenses; then sin will not be your downfall.17
References for Ezekiel 18:30