Genesis 10:1-11 NIV

The Table of Nations

1 This is the account1 of Shem, Ham and Japheth,2 Noah's sons,3 who themselves had sons after the flood.

References for Genesis 10:1

The Japhethites

10:2-5pp -- 1Ch 1:5-7

2 The sonsa of Japheth: Gomer,4 Magog,5 Madai, Javan,6 Tubal,7 Meshech8 and Tiras.

References for Genesis 10:2

    • a 10:2 - "Sons" may mean "descendants" or "successors" or "nations"; also in verses 3, 4, 6, 7, 20-23, 29 and 31.
      3 The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz,9 Riphath and Togarmah.10

      References for Genesis 10:3

      4 The sons of Javan: Elishah,11 Tarshish,12 the Kittim13 and the Rodanim.b

      References for Genesis 10:4

        • b 10:4 - Some manuscripts of the Masoretic Text and Samaritan Pentateuch (see also Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:7); most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text "Dodanim"
          5 (From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)14

          References for Genesis 10:5

          The Hamites

          10:6-20pp -- 1Ch 1:8-16

          6 The sons of Ham: Cush,15 Mizraim,c Put16 and Canaan.17

          References for Genesis 10:6

            • c 10:6 - That is, Egypt; also in verse 13
              7 The sons of Cush: Seba,18 Havilah,19 Sabtah, Raamah20 and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba21 and Dedan.22
              8 Cush was the fatherd of Nimrod,23 who grew to be a mighty warrior on the earth.

              References for Genesis 10:8

                • d 10:8 - "Father" may mean "ancestor" or "predecessor" or "founder"; also in verses 13, 15, 24 and 26.
                  9 He was a mighty24 hunter25 before the LORD; that is why it is said, "Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the LORD."

                  References for Genesis 10:9

                  10 The first centers of his kingdom were Babylon,26 Erech,27 Akkad and Calneh,28 ine Shinar.f29

                  References for Genesis 10:10

                    • e 10:10 - Or "Erech and Akkad--all of them in"
                    • f 10:10 - That is, Babylonia
                      11 From that land he went to Assyria,30 where he built Nineveh,31 Rehoboth Ir,g Calah

                      References for Genesis 10:11

                        • g 10:11 - Or "Nineveh with its city squares"