3 “Reuben, you are my firstborn, my might, the first sign of my strength, excelling in honor, excelling in power.
4 Turbulent as the waters, you will no longer excel, for you went up onto your father’s bed, onto my couch and defiled it.
5 “Simeon and Levi are brothers— their swordsa are weapons of violence.
References for Genesis 49:5
    • į 49:5 - The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
      6 Let me not enter their council, let me not join their assembly, for they have killed men in their anger and hamstrung oxen as they pleased.
      7 Cursed be their anger, so fierce, and their fury, so cruel! I will scatter them in Jacob and disperse them in Israel.
      References for Genesis 49:7
      8 “Judah,b your brothers will praise you; your hand will be on the neck of your enemies; your father’s sons will bow down to you.
      References for Genesis 49:8
        • İ 49:8 - "Judah" sounds like and may be derived from the Hebrew for "praise."
          9 You are a lion’s cub, Judah; you return from the prey, my son. Like a lion he crouches and lies down, like a lioness—who dares to rouse him?
          10 The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,cuntil he to whom it belongsd shall come and the obedience of the nations shall be his.
          References for Genesis 49:10
            • ı 49:10 - Or "from his descendants"
            • IJ 49:10 - Or "to whom tribute belongs" ; the meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.
              11 He will tether his donkey to a vine, his colt to the choicest branch; he will wash his garments in wine, his robes in the blood of grapes.
              12 His eyes will be darker than wine, his teeth whiter than milk.e
              References for Genesis 49:12
                • ij 49:12 - Or "will be dull from wine," / "his teeth white from milk"
                  13 “Zebulun will live by the seashore and become a haven for ships; his border will extend toward Sidon.
                  References for Genesis 49:13
                  14 “Issachar is a rawbonedf donkey lying down among the sheep pens.g
                  References for Genesis 49:14
                    • Ĵ 49:14 - Or "strong"
                    • ĵ 49:14 - Or "the campfires" ; or "the saddlebags"
                      15 When he sees how good is his resting place and how pleasant is his land, he will bend his shoulder to the burden and submit to forced labor.
                      16 “Danh will provide justice for his people as one of the tribes of Israel.
                      References for Genesis 49:16
                        • Ķ 49:16 - "Dan" here means "he provides justice."
                          17 Dan will be a snake by the roadside, a viper along the path, that bites the horse’s heels so that its rider tumbles backward.
                          References for Genesis 49:17
                          18 “I look for your deliverance, LORD.
                          References for Genesis 49:18
                          19 “Gadi will be attacked by a band of raiders, but he will attack them at their heels.
                          References for Genesis 49:19
                            • ķ 49:19 - "Gad" sounds like the Hebrew for "attack" and also for "band of raiders."
                              20 “Asher’s food will be rich; he will provide delicacies fit for a king.
                              References for Genesis 49:20
                              21 “Naphtali is a doe set free that bears beautiful fawns.j
                              References for Genesis 49:21
                                • ĸ 49:21 - Or "free;" / "he utters beautiful words"
                                  22 “Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine near a spring, whose branches climb over a wall.k
                                  References for Genesis 49:22
                                    • Ĺ 49:22 - Or "Joseph is a wild colt," / "a wild colt near a spring," / "a wild donkey on a terraced hill"
                                      23 With bitterness archers attacked him; they shot at him with hostility.
                                      References for Genesis 49:23
                                      24 But his bow remained steady, his strong arms stayedl limber, because of the hand of the Mighty One of Jacob, because of the Shepherd, the Rock of Israel,
                                      25 because of your father’s God, who helps you, because of the Almighty,m who blesses you with blessings of the skies above, blessings of the deep springs below, blessings of the breast and womb.
                                      26 Your father’s blessings are greater than the blessings of the ancient mountains, thann the bounty of the age-old hills. Let all these rest on the head of Joseph, on the brow of the prince amongo his brothers.
                                      References for Genesis 49:26
                                        • ļ 49:26 - Or "of my progenitors," / "as great as"
                                        • Ľ 49:26 - Or "of the one separated from"
                                          27 “Benjamin is a ravenous wolf; in the morning he devours the prey, in the evening he divides the plunder.”