Isaiah 28 NIV

Woe to Ephraim

1 Woe1 to that wreath, the pride of Ephraim's2 drunkards, to the fading flower, his glorious beauty, set on the head of a fertile valley3-- to that city, the pride of those laid low by wine!4

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      2 See, the Lord has one who is powerful5 and strong. Like a hailstorm6 and a destructive wind,7 like a driving rain and a flooding8 downpour, he will throw it forcefully to the ground.

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      3 That wreath, the pride of Ephraim's9 drunkards, will be trampled10 underfoot.

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          4 That fading flower, his glorious beauty, set on the head of a fertile valley,11 will be like a fig12 ripe before harvest-- as soon as someone sees it and takes it in his hand, he swallows it.

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          5 In that day13 the LORD Almighty will be a glorious14 crown,15 a beautiful wreath for the remnant16 of his people.

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          6 He will be a spirit of justice17 to him who sits in judgment,18 a source of strength to those who turn back the battle19 at the gate.

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          7 And these also stagger20 from wine21 and reel22 from beer: Priests23 and prophets24 stagger from beer and are befuddled with wine; they reel from beer, they stagger when seeing visions,25 they stumble when rendering decisions.

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          8 All the tables are covered with vomit26 and there is not a spot without filth.

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          9 "Who is it he is trying to teach?27 To whom is he explaining his message?28 To children weaned29 from their milk,30 to those just taken from the breast?

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          10 For it is: Do and do, do and do, rule on rule, rule on rulea; a little here, a little there.31"

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            • a 28:10 - Hebrew "/ sav lasav sav lasav / kav lakav kav lakav" (possibly meaningless sounds; perhaps a mimicking of the prophet's words); also in verse 13
              11 Very well then, with foreign lips and strange tongues32 God will speak to this people,33

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              12 to whom he said, "This is the resting place, let the weary rest";34 and, "This is the place of repose"-- but they would not listen.

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              13 So then, the word of the LORD to them will become: Do and do, do and do, rule on rule, rule on rule; a little here, a little there35-- so that they will go and fall backward, be injured36 and snared and captured.37

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              14 Therefore hear the word of the LORD,38 you scoffers39 who rule this people in Jerusalem.

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              15 You boast, "We have entered into a covenant with death,40 with the graveb we have made an agreement. When an overwhelming scourge sweeps by,41 it cannot touch us, for we have made a lie42 our refuge and falsehoodc our hiding place.43"

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                • b 28:15 - Hebrew "Sheol "; also in verse 18
                • c 28:15 - Or "false gods"
                  16 So this is what the Sovereign LORD says: "See, I lay a stone in Zion,44 a tested stone,45 a precious cornerstone for a sure foundation;46 the one who trusts will never be dismayed.47
                  17 I will make justice48 the measuring line and righteousness the plumb line;49 hail50 will sweep away your refuge, the lie, and water will overflow51 your hiding place.

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                  18 Your covenant with death will be annulled; your agreement with the grave will not stand.52 When the overwhelming scourge sweeps by,53 you will be beaten down54 by it.

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                      19 As often as it comes it will carry you away;55 morning after morning,56 by day and by night, it will sweep through." The understanding of this message will bring sheer terror.57

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                      20 The bed is too short to stretch out on, the blanket too narrow to wrap around you.58

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                      21 The LORD will rise up as he did at Mount Perazim,59 he will rouse himself as in the Valley of Gibeon60-- to do his work,61 his strange work, and perform his task, his alien task.

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                      22 Now stop your mocking,62 or your chains will become heavier; the Lord, the LORD Almighty, has told me of the destruction decreed63 against the whole land.64

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                      23 Listen65 and hear my voice; pay attention and hear what I say.

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                      24 When a farmer plows for planting,66 does he plow continually? Does he keep on breaking up and harrowing the soil?

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                      25 When he has leveled the surface, does he not sow caraway and scatter cummin?67 Does he not plant wheat in its place,d barley68 in its plot,e and spelt69 in its field?

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                        • d 28:25 - The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
                        • e 28:25 - The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
                          26 His God instructs him and teaches70 him the right way.

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                          27 Caraway is not threshed71 with a sledge,72 nor is a cartwheel rolled over cummin; caraway is beaten out with a rod,73 and cummin with a stick.

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                          28 Grain must be ground to make bread; so one does not go on threshing it forever. Though he drives the wheels of his threshing cart74 over it, his horses do not grind it.

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                          29 All this also comes from the LORD Almighty, wonderful in counsel75 and magnificent in wisdom.76

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