Zedekiah1 son of Josiah was made king2 of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; he reigned in place of Jehoiachin3 son of Jehoiakim.
References for Jeremiah 37:1
Neither he nor his attendants nor the people of the land paid any attention4 to the words the LORD had spoken through Jeremiah the prophet.
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King Zedekiah, however, sent5 Jehucal6 son of Shelemiah with the priest Zephaniah7 son of Maaseiah to Jeremiah the prophet with this message: "Please pray8 to the LORD our God for us."
References for Jeremiah 37:3
Now Jeremiah was free to come and go among the people, for he had not yet been put in prison.9
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Pharaoh's army had marched out of Egypt,10 and when the Babylonians who were besieging Jerusalem heard the report about them, they withdrew11 from Jerusalem.12
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Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet:
"This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: Tell the king of Judah, who sent you to inquire13 of me, 'Pharaoh's army, which has marched14 out to support you, will go back to its own land, to Egypt.15
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Then the Babylonians will return and attack this city; they will capture16 it and burn17 it down.'
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"This is what the LORD says: Do not deceive18 yourselves, thinking, 'The Babylonians will surely leave us.' They will not!
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Even if you were to defeat the entire Babylonian army that is attacking you and only wounded men were left in their tents, they would come out and burn19 this city down."
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After the Babylonian army had withdrawn20 from Jerusalem because of Pharaoh's army,
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Jeremiah started to leave the city to go to the territory of Benjamin to get his share of the property21 among the people there.
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But when he reached the Benjamin Gate,22 the captain of the guard, whose name was Irijah son of Shelemiah, the son of Hananiah, arrested him and said, "You are deserting to the Babylonians!"23
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"That's not true!" Jeremiah said. "I am not deserting to the Babylonians." But Irijah would not listen to him; instead, he arrested24 Jeremiah and brought him to the officials.
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They were angry with Jeremiah and had him beaten25 and imprisoned26 in the house27 of Jonathan the secretary, which they had made into a prison.
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Jeremiah was put into a vaulted cell in a dungeon, where he remained a long time.
Then King Zedekiah sent28 for him and had him brought to the palace, where he asked29 him privately,30 "Is there any word from the LORD?" "Yes," Jeremiah replied, "you will be handed over31 to the king of Babylon."
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Then Jeremiah said to King Zedekiah, "What crime32 have I committed against you or your officials or this people, that you have put me in prison?
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Where are your prophets33 who prophesied to you, 'The king of Babylon will not attack you or this land'?
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But now, my lord the king, please listen. Let me bring my petition before you: Do not send me back to the house of Jonathan the secretary, or I will die there."34
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King Zedekiah then gave orders for Jeremiah to be placed in the courtyard of the guard and given bread from the street of the bakers each day until all the bread35 in the city was gone.36 So Jeremiah remained in the courtyard of the guard.37
References for Jeremiah 37:21