and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas,1 the high priest that year.
References for John 18:13
Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it would be good if one man died for the people.2
References for John 18:14
Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because this disciple was known to the high priest,3 he went with Jesus into the high priest's courtyard,4
References for John 18:15
but Peter had to wait outside at the door. The other disciple, who was known to the high priest, came back, spoke to the girl on duty there and brought Peter in.
"You are not one of his disciples, are you?" the girl at the door asked Peter. He replied, "I am not."5
References for John 18:17
It was cold, and the servants and officials stood around a fire6 they had made to keep warm. Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.7
References for John 18:18
Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching.
References for John 18:19
"I have spoken openly to the world," Jesus replied. "I always taught in synagogues8 or at the temple,9 where all the Jews come together. I said nothing in secret.10
References for John 18:20
Why question me? Ask those who heard me. Surely they know what I said."
When Jesus said this, one of the officials11 nearby struck him in the face.12 "Is this the way you answer the high priest?" he demanded.
References for John 18:22
"If I said something wrong," Jesus replied, "testify as to what is wrong. But if I spoke the truth, why did you strike me?"13
References for John 18:23