John 18:13

13 and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year.

Read John 18:13 Using Other Translations

And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.
First they led him to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.
First they took him to Annas, since he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest at that time.

What does John 18:13 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
John 18:13

And led him away to Annas first
Who is elsewhere mentioned with Caiaphas as an high priest also, ( Luke 3:2 ) ( Acts 4:6 ) . He was the "sagan" of the high priest; he and Caiaphas seem to have had the high priesthood alternately; and either now, because his house lay first in the way, or rather, because he was a man of age, learning, and experience, as these men usually were, that they might supply the deficiencies of the high priests, who were sometimes very weak and unlearned men F11; therefore they first lead him to him, to have his advice how to proceed, and to take him along with them to his son-in-law, where the great council was convened, and that he might use his interest and authority, in taking proper measures, in order to put Jesus to death; and especially they led him to him, for the reason here assigned;

for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas;
so that he was, it is very probable, the older man: and being related to him, had an interest in him; and to whom such a sight was equally pleasing as to the high priest himself, or any of the council:

which was the high priest that same year;
for the high priesthood was not for life, but was often changed, being bought and sold for money; (See Gill on Luke 3:2); so that this clause is very properly added, though Caiaphas held it longer, or, at least, had it more years than one; for Caiaphas was high priest when John began to preach, ( Luke 3:2 ) ; but he now succeeded Simeon ben Camhith, who was priest the year before; as was Eleazar the son of Ananus, the year before that; and before him Ishmael ben Phabi, who were all three successively put into the priesthood by Valerius Gratus, the Roman governor; as was also Caiaphas this year, and whose name was Joseph.


FOOTNOTES:

F11 Misn. Yoma, c. 1. sect. 3, 6.
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