Compare Translations for Judges 21:1

Judges 21:1 ASV
Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpah, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter unto Benjamin to wife.
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Judges 21:1 BBE
Now the men of Israel had taken an oath in Mizpah, saying, Not one of us will give his daughter as a wife to Benjamin.
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Judges 21:1 CEB
The Israelites had made a pledge at Mizpah, declaring, "None of us will allow his daughter to marry a Benjaminite."
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Judges 21:1 CJB
The men of Isra'el had sworn in Mitzpah that none of them would let his daughter marry a man from Binyamin.
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Judges 21:1 RHE
Now the children of Israel had also sworn in Maspha, saying: None of us shall give of his daughters to the children of Benjamin to wife.
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Judges 21:1 ESV
Now the men of Israel had sworn at Mizpah, "No one of us shall give his daughter in marriage to Benjamin."
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Judges 21:1 GW
The men of Israel had taken this oath in Mizpah: "None of us will ever let our daughters marry anyone from Benjamin."
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Judges 21:1 GNT
When the Israelites had gathered at Mizpah, they had made a solemn promise to the Lord: "None of us will allow a Benjaminite to marry a daughter of ours."
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Judges 21:1 HNV
Now the men of Yisra'el had sworn in Mitzpah, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter to Binyamin as wife.
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Judges 21:1 CSB
The men of Israel had sworn an oath at Mizpah: "None of us will give his daughter to a Benjaminite in marriage."
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Judges 21:1 KJV
Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpeh, saying , There shall not any of us give his daughter unto Benjamin to wife.
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Judges 21:1 LEB
The men of Israel had sworn at Mizpah, saying, "None of us will give his daughter to Benjamin as a wife."
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Judges 21:1 NAS
Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpah, saying, "None of us shall give his daughter to Benjamin in marriage."
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Judges 21:1 NCV
At Mizpah the men of Israel had sworn, "Not one of us will let his daughter marry a man from the tribe of Benjamin."
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Judges 21:1 NIRV
The men of Israel had taken an oath and made a promise at Mizpah. They had said, "Not one of us will give his daughter to be married to a man from Benjamin."
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Judges 21:1 NIV
The men of Israel had taken an oath at Mizpah: "Not one of us will give his daughter in marriage to a Benjamite."
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Judges 21:1 NKJV
Now the men of Israel had sworn an oath at Mizpah, saying, "None of us shall give his daughter to Benjamin as a wife."
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Judges 21:1 NLT
The Israelites had vowed at Mizpah never to give their daughters in marriage to a man from the tribe of Benjamin.
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Judges 21:1 NRS
Now the Israelites had sworn at Mizpah, "No one of us shall give his daughter in marriage to Benjamin."
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Judges 21:1 RSV
Now the men of Israel had sworn at Mizpah, "No one of us shall give his daughter in marriage to Benjamin."
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Judges 21:1 DBY
Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpah, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter to the Benjaminites as wife.
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Judges 21:1 MSG
Back at Mizpah the men of Israel had taken an oath: "No man among us will give his daughter to a Benjaminite in marriage."
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Judges 21:1 WBT
Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpeh, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter to Benjamin for a wife.
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Judges 21:1 TMB
Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpah, saying, "There shall not any of us give his daughter unto Benjamin for a wife."
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Judges 21:1 TNIV
The men of Israel had taken an oath at Mizpah: "Not one of us will give his daughter in marriage to a Benjamite."
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Judges 21:1 WEB
Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpah, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter to Benjamin as wife.
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Judges 21:1 WYC
Also the sons of Israel had sworn in Mizpeh, and said, None of us shall give to the sons of Benjamin a wife of his daughters. (At Mizpeh the Israelites had sworn, and said, None of us shall give any of his daughters for a wife to the Benjaminites.)
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Judges 21:1 YLT
And the men of Israel have sworn in Mizpeh, saying, `None of us doth give his daughter to Benjamin for a wife.'
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Judges 21 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 21

The Israelites lament for the Benjamites.

- Israel lamented for the Benjamites, and were perplexed by the oath they had taken, not to give their daughters to them in marriage. Men are more zealous to support their own authority than that of God. They would have acted better if they had repented of their rash oaths, brought sin-offerings, and sought forgiveness in the appointed way, rather than attempt to avoid the guilt of perjury by actions quite as wrong. That men can advise others to acts of treachery or violence, out of a sense of duty, forms a strong proof of the blindness of the human mind when left to itself, and of the fatal effects of a conscience under ignorance and error.

Judges 21 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 21

Judges 21:1-15 . THE PEOPLE BEWAIL THE DESOLATION OF ISRAEL.

2-5. the people came to the house of God, . . . and lifted up their voices, and wept sore--The characteristic fickleness of the Israelites was not long in being displayed; for scarcely had they cooled from the fierceness of their sanguinary vengeance, than they began to relent and rushed to the opposite extreme of self-accusation and grief at the desolation which their impetuous zeal had produced. Their victory saddened and humbled them. Their feelings on the occasion were expressed by a public and solemn service of expiation at the house of God. And yet--this extraordinary observance, though it enabled them to find vent for their painful emotions, did not afford them full relief, for they were lettered by the obligation of a religious vow, heightened by the addition of a solemn anathema on every violator of the oath. There is no previous record of this oath; but the purport of it was, that they would treat the perpetrators of this Gibeah atrocity in the same way as the Canaanites, who were doomed to destruction; and the entering into this solemn league was of a piece with the rest of their inconsiderate conduct in this whole affair.

6. There is one tribe cut off from Israel this day--that is, in danger of becoming extinct; for, as it appears from Judges 21:7 , they had massacred all the women and children of Benjamin, and six hundred men alone survived of the whole tribe. The prospect of such a blank in the catalogue of the twelve tribes, such a gap in the national arrangements, was too painful to contemplate, and immediate measures must be taken to prevent this great catastrophe.

8. there came none to the camp from Jabesh-gilead to the assembly--This city lay within the territory of eastern Manasseh, about fifteen miles east of the Jordan, and was, according to JOSEPHUS, the capital of Gilead. The ban which the assembled tribes had pronounced at Mizpeh seemed to impose on them the necessity of punishing its inhabitants for not joining the crusade against Benjamin; and thus, with a view of repairing the consequences of one rash proceeding, they hurriedly rushed to the perpetration of another, though a smaller tragedy. But it appears ( Judges 21:11 ) that, besides acting in fulfilment of their oath, the Israelites had the additional object by this raid of supplying wives to the Benjamite remnant. This shows the intemperate fury of the Israelites in the indiscriminate slaughter of the women and children.

Judges 21:16-21 . THE ELDERS CONSULT HOW TO FIND WIVES FOR THOSE THAT WERE LEFT.

16. the elders of the congregation said, How shall we do for wives for them that remain--Though the young women of Jabesh-gilead had been carefully spared, the supply was found inadequate, and some other expedient must be resorted to.

17. There must be an inheritance for them that be escaped of Benjamin--As they were the only rightful owners of the territory, provision must be made for transmitting it to their legitimate heirs, and a new act of violence was meditated ( Judges 21:19 ); the opportunity for which was afforded by the approaching festival--a feast generally supposed to be the feast of tabernacles. This, like the other annual feasts, was held in Shiloh, and its celebration was attended with more social hilarity and holiday rejoicings than the other feasts.

19. on the east side of the highway that goeth up from Beth-el to Shechem--The exact site of the place was described evidently for the direction of the Benjamites.

21, 22. daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in dances--The dance was anciently a part of the religious observance. It was done on festive occasions, as it is still in the East, not in town, but in the open air, in some adjoining field, the women being by themselves. The young women being alone indulging their light and buoyant spirits, arid apprehensive of no danger, facilitated the execution of the scheme of seizing them, which closely resembles the Sabine rape in Roman history. The elders undertook to reconcile the families to the forced abduction of their daughters. And thus the expression of their public sanction to this deed of violence afforded a new evidence of the evils and difficulties into which the unhappy precipitancy of the Israelites in this crisis had involved them.