Abimelech1 son of Jerub-Baal2 went to his mother's brothers in Shechem and said to them and to all his mother's clan,
References for Judges 9:1
"Ask all the citizens of Shechem, 'Which is better for you: to have all seventy of Jerub-Baal's sons rule over you, or just one man?' Remember, I am your flesh and blood.3"
References for Judges 9:2
When the brothers repeated all this to the citizens of Shechem, they were inclined to follow Abimelech, for they said, "He is our brother."
They gave him seventy shekels of silver from the temple of Baal-Berith,4 and Abimelech used it to hire reckless adventurers,5 who became his followers.
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He went to his father's home in Ophrah and on one stone murdered his seventy brothers,6 the sons of Jerub-Baal. But Jotham,7 the youngest son of Jerub-Baal, escaped by hiding.8
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Then all the citizens of Shechem and Beth Millo9 gathered beside the great tree10 at the pillar in Shechem to crown Abimelech king.
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When Jotham11 was told about this, he climbed up on the top of Mount Gerizim12 and shouted to them, "Listen to me, citizens of Shechem, so that God may listen to you.
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One day the trees went out to anoint a king for themselves. They said to the olive tree, 'Be our king.'
"But the olive tree answered, 'Should I give up my oil, by which both gods and men are honored, to hold sway over the trees?'
"Next, the trees said to the fig tree, 'Come and be our king.'
"But the fig tree replied, 'Should I give up my fruit, so good and sweet, to hold sway over the trees?'
"Then the trees said to the vine, 'Come and be our king.'
"But the vine answered, 'Should I give up my wine,13 which cheers both gods and men, to hold sway over the trees?'
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"Finally all the trees said to the thornbush, 'Come and be our king.'
"The thornbush said to the trees, 'If you really want to anoint me king over you, come and take refuge in my shade;14 but if not, then let fire come out15 of the thornbush and consume the cedars of Lebanon!'16
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"Now if you have acted honorably and in good faith when you made Abimelech king, and if you have been fair to Jerub-Baal and his family, and if you have treated him as he deserves--
and to think that my father fought for you, risked17 his life to rescue you from the hand of Midian
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(but today you have revolted against my father's family, murdered his seventy sons18 on a single stone, and made Abimelech, the son of his slave girl, king over the citizens of Shechem because he is your brother)--
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if then you have acted honorably and in good faith toward Jerub-Baal and his family today,19 may Abimelech be your joy, and may you be his, too!
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But if you have not, let fire come out20 from Abimelech and consume you, citizens of Shechem21 and Beth Millo,22 and let fire come out from you, citizens of Shechem and Beth Millo, and consume Abimelech!"
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Then Jotham23 fled, escaping to Beer,24 and he lived there because he was afraid of his brother Abimelech.
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After Abimelech had governed Israel three years,
God sent an evil spirit25 between Abimelech and the citizens of Shechem, who acted treacherously against Abimelech.
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God did this in order that the crime against Jerub-Baal's seventy sons,26 the shedding27 of their blood, might be avenged28 on their brother Abimelech and on the citizens of Shechem, who had helped him29 murder his brothers.
References for Judges 9:24
In opposition to him these citizens of Shechem set men on the hilltops to ambush and rob everyone who passed by, and this was reported to Abimelech.
Now Gaal son of Ebed30 moved with his brothers into Shechem, and its citizens put their confidence in him.
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After they had gone out into the fields and gathered the grapes and trodden31 them, they held a festival in the temple of their god.32 While they were eating and drinking, they cursed Abimelech.
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Then Gaal son of Ebed33 said, "Who34 is Abimelech, and who is Shechem, that we should be subject to him? Isn't he Jerub-Baal's son, and isn't Zebul his deputy? Serve the men of Hamor,35 Shechem's father! Why should we serve Abimelech?
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If only this people were under my command!36 Then I would get rid of him. I would say to Abimelech, 'Call out your whole army!' "37
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When Zebul the governor of the city heard what Gaal son of Ebed said, he was very angry.
Under cover he sent messengers to Abimelech, saying, "Gaal son of Ebed and his brothers have come to Shechem and are stirring up the city against you.
Now then, during the night you and your men should come and lie in wait38 in the fields.
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In the morning at sunrise, advance against the city. When Gaal and his men come out against you, do whatever your hand finds to do.39"
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So Abimelech and all his troops set out by night and took up concealed positions near Shechem in four companies.
Now Gaal son of Ebed had gone out and was standing at the entrance to the city gate40 just as Abimelech and his soldiers came out from their hiding place.41
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When Gaal saw them, he said to Zebul, "Look, people are coming down from the tops of the mountains!" Zebul replied, "You mistake the shadows of the mountains for men."
But Gaal spoke up again: "Look, people are coming down from the center of the land, and a company is coming from the direction of the soothsayers' tree."
Then Zebul said to him, "Where is your big talk now, you who said, 'Who is Abimelech that we should be subject to him?' Aren't these the men you ridiculed?42 Go out and fight them!"
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So Gaal led out the citizens of Shechem and fought Abimelech.
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Abimelech chased him, and many fell wounded in the flight--all the way to the entrance to the gate.
Abimelech stayed in Arumah, and Zebul drove Gaal and his brothers out of Shechem.
The next day the people of Shechem went out to the fields, and this was reported to Abimelech.
So he took his men, divided them into three companies43 and set an ambush44 in the fields. When he saw the people coming out of the city, he rose to attack them.
References for Judges 9:43
Abimelech and the companies with him rushed forward to a position at the entrance to the city gate. Then two companies rushed upon those in the fields and struck them down.
All that day Abimelech pressed his attack against the city until he had captured it and killed its people. Then he destroyed the city45 and scattered salt46 over it.
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On hearing this, the citizens in the tower of Shechem went into the stronghold of the temple47 of El-Berith.
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When Abimelech heard that they had assembled there,
he and all his men went up Mount Zalmon.48 He took an ax and cut off some branches, which he lifted to his shoulders. He ordered the men with him, "Quick! Do what you have seen me do!"
References for Judges 9:48
So all the men cut branches and followed Abimelech. They piled them against the stronghold and set it on fire over the people inside. So all the people in the tower of Shechem, about a thousand men and women, also died.
Next Abimelech went to Thebez49 and besieged it and captured it.
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Inside the city, however, was a strong tower, to which all the men and women--all the people of the city--fled. They locked themselves in and climbed up on the tower roof.
Abimelech went to the tower and stormed it. But as he approached the entrance to the tower to set it on fire,
a woman dropped an upper millstone on his head and cracked his skull.50
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Hurriedly he called to his armor-bearer, "Draw your sword and kill me,51 so that they can't say, 'A woman killed him.' " So his servant ran him through, and he died.
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When the Israelites saw that Abimelech was dead, they went home.
Thus God repaid the wickedness that Abimelech had done to his father by murdering his seventy brothers.
God also made the men of Shechem pay for all their wickedness.52 The curse of Jotham53 son of Jerub-Baal came on them.
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