Mark 14 LEB

The Chief Priests and Scribes Plot to Kill Jesus

1 Now after two days it was the Passover and the feast of Unleavened Bread, and the chief priests and the scribes were seeking how, [after]a arresting him by stealth, they could kill [him].b

References for Mark 14:1

    • ȏ 14:1 - *Here "[after]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("arresting") which is understood as temporal
    • Ȑ 14:1 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
      2 For they said, "Not at the feast, lest there be an uproar by the people."

      Jesus’ Anointing at Bethany

      3 And [while]c he was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, [as]d he was reclining for a meal, a woman came holding an alabaster flask of very costly perfumed oil of genuine nard. [After]e breaking the alabaster flask, she poured [it]f out on his head.

      References for Mark 14:3

        • ȑ 14:3 - *Here "[while]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("was")
        • Ȓ 14:3 - *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("was reclining for a meal")
        • ȓ 14:3 - *Here "[after]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("breaking") which is understood as temporal
        • Ȕ 14:3 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
          4 But some were expressing indignation to one another:g "Why has there been this waste of perfumed oil?

          References for Mark 14:4

            • ȕ 14:4 - Or perhaps "within themselves"
              5 For this perfumed oil could have been sold for more than three hundred denarii and given to the poor!" And they began to scoldh her.

              References for Mark 14:5

                • Ȗ 14:5 - The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began to scold")
                  6 But Jesus said, "Leave her alone. Why do you cause trouble for her? She has done a good deed to me.
                  7 For the poor you always have with you, and you can do good for them whenever you want, but you do not always have me.
                  8 She has done what she could; {she has anointed my body beforehand}i for burial.

                  References for Mark 14:8

                    • ȗ 14:8 - Literally "she has anticipated to anoint my body"
                      9 And truly I say to you, wherever the gospel is proclaimed in the whole world, what she has done will also be told in memory of her.

                      Judas Arranges to Betray Jesus

                      10 And Judas Iscariot, who [was] one of the twelve, went to the chief priests in order to betray him to them.

                      References for Mark 14:10

                          11 And [when]j they heard [this],k they were delighted, and promised to give him money. And he began seekingl how he could betray him conveniently.

                          References for Mark 14:11

                            • Ș 14:11 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("heard") which is understood as temporal
                            • ș 14:11 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                            • Ț 14:11 - The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began seeking")

                              Jesus’ Final Passover with the Disciples

                              12 And on the first day of the feast of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrificed the Passover lamb, his disciples said to him, "Where do you want us to go [and]m prepare, so that you can eat the Passover?"

                              References for Mark 14:12

                                • ț 14:12 - *Here "and" is supplied because the previous participle ("go") has been translated as an English infinitive
                                  13 And he sent two of his disciples and said to them, "Go into the city and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him,
                                  14 and wherever he enters, say to the master of the house, 'The Teacher says, "Where is my guest room where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?" '
                                  15 And he will show you a large upstairs room furnishedn [and]o ready, and prepare for us there."

                                  References for Mark 14:15

                                    • Ȝ 14:15 - Or perhaps "paved" or "panelled"
                                    • ȝ 14:15 - *Here "[and]" is supplied in the translation because of English style
                                      16 And the disciples went out and came into the city and found [everything]p just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.

                                      References for Mark 14:16

                                        • Ȟ 14:16 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                          17 And [when it]q was evening, he arrived with the twelve.

                                          References for Mark 14:17

                                            • ȟ 14:17 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("was")
                                              18 And [while]r they were reclining at table and eating, Jesus said, "Truly I say to you, that one of you who is eating with me will betray me."

                                              References for Mark 14:18

                                                • Ƞ 14:18 - *Here "[while]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("were reclining at table")
                                                  19 They began to be distressed and to say to him one by one, "Surely not I?"s

                                                  References for Mark 14:19

                                                    • ȡ 14:19 - The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
                                                      20 But he said to them, "[It is] one of the twelve--the one who is dipping [bread]t into the bowl with me.

                                                      References for Mark 14:20

                                                        • Ȣ 14:20 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                          21 For the Son of Man is going just as it is written about him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! [It would be] better for him if that man had not been born."

                                                          The Lord’s Supper

                                                          22 And [while]u they were eating, he took bread [and],v [after]w giving thanks, he broke [it]x and gave [it]y to them and said, "Take [it],z this is my body."

                                                          References for Mark 14:22

                                                            • ȣ 14:22 - *Here "[while]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("were eating")
                                                            • Ȥ 14:22 - *Here "[and]" is supplied in the translation because of English style
                                                            • ȥ 14:22 - *Here "[after]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("giving thanks") which is understood as temporal
                                                            • Ȧ 14:22 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                            • ȧ 14:22 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                            • Ȩ 14:22 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                              23 And [after]{ taking the cup [and]| giving thanks, he gave [it]} to them, and they all drank from it.

                                                              References for Mark 14:23

                                                                • ȩ 14:23 - *Here "[after]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("taking") which is understood as temporal
                                                                • Ȫ 14:23 - *Here "[and]" is supplied in the translation because of English style
                                                                • ȫ 14:23 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                  24 And he said to them, "This is my blood of the covenant which is poured out for many.
                                                                  25 Truly I say to you that I will never drink of the fruit of the vine any longer until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God."
                                                                  26 And [after they]~ had sung the hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.

                                                                  References for Mark 14:26

                                                                    • Ȭ 14:26 - *Here "[after]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("had sung the hymn") which is understood as temporal

                                                                      Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial

                                                                      27 And Jesus said to them, "You will all fall away, because it is written, 'I will strike the shepherd and the sheep will be scattered.'

                                                                      References for Mark 14:27

                                                                          28 But after I am raised, I will go ahead of you into Galilee."
                                                                          29 But Peter said to him, "Even if they all fall away, certainly I will not!"
                                                                          30 And Jesus said to him, "Truly I say to you that today--this night--before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times!"
                                                                          31 But he kept saying emphatically, "If it is necessary for me to die with you, I will never deny you!" And they all were saying the same [thing] also.

                                                                          The Prayer in Gethsemane

                                                                          32 And they came to a place {named} Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, "Sit here while I pray."

                                                                          References for Mark 14:32

                                                                            • ȭ 14:32 - Literally "the name of which"
                                                                              33 And he took along Peter and James and John with him, and he began to be distressed and troubled.
                                                                              34 And he said to them, "My soul is deeply grieved, to the point of death. Remain here and stay awake."
                                                                              35 And going forward a little he fell to the ground and began to pray€ that, if it were possible, the hour would pass from him.

                                                                              References for Mark 14:35

                                                                                • Ȯ 14:35 - The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began to pray")
                                                                                  36 And he said, "Abba, Father, all [things] [are] possible for you! Take away this cup from me! Yet not what I will, but what you [will]."‚

                                                                                  References for Mark 14:36

                                                                                    • ȯ 14:36 - The word "Abba" means "father" in Aramaic
                                                                                    • Ȱ 14:36 - *Here the verb "[will]" is an understood repetition of the verb earlier in this verse
                                                                                      37 And he came and found them sleeping, and he said to Peter, "Simon, are you sleeping? Were you not able to stay awake one hour?
                                                                                      38 Stay awake and pray that you will not enter into temptation. The spirit [is] willing, but the flesh [is] weak!"
                                                                                      39 And again he went away [and]ƒ prayed, saying the same thing.

                                                                                      References for Mark 14:39

                                                                                        • ȱ 14:39 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("went away") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                          40 And again he came [and]„ found them sleeping, {for they could not keep their eyes open},… and they did not know what to reply to him.

                                                                                          References for Mark 14:40

                                                                                            • Ȳ 14:40 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("came") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                            • ȳ 14:40 - Literally "for their eyes were weighed down"
                                                                                              41 And he came the third [time] and said to them, "Are you still sleeping and resting? It is enough! The hour has come. Behold, the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners.
                                                                                              42 Get up, let us go! Behold, the one who is betraying me is approaching!"

                                                                                              The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus

                                                                                              43 And immediately, [while]† he was still speaking, Judas--one of the twelve--arrived, and with him a crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.

                                                                                              References for Mark 14:43

                                                                                                • ȴ 14:43 - *Here "[while]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("was ... speaking")
                                                                                                  44 Now the one who was betraying him had given them a sign, saying, "[The one] whom I kiss--he is [the one].‡ Arrest him and lead [him]ˆ away under guard!"

                                                                                                  References for Mark 14:44

                                                                                                    • ȵ 14:44 - *Here the predicate nominative ("[the one]") is implied
                                                                                                    • ȶ 14:44 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                                                      45 And [when he]‰ arrived, he came up to him immediately [and]Š said, "Rabbi," and kissed him.

                                                                                                      References for Mark 14:45

                                                                                                        • ȷ 14:45 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("arrived") which is understood as temporal
                                                                                                        • ȸ 14:45 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("came up") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                                          46 So they laid hands on him and arrested him.
                                                                                                          47 But a certain one of the bystanders, drawing [his]‹ sword, struck the slave of the high priest and cut off his ear.

                                                                                                          References for Mark 14:47

                                                                                                            • ȹ 14:47 - Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                                                                                                              48 And Jesus answered [and]Πsaid to them, "Have you come out with swords and clubs, as against a robber, to arrest me?

                                                                                                              References for Mark 14:48

                                                                                                                • Ⱥ 14:48 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("answered") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                                                  49 Every day I was with you in the temple [courts] teaching, and you did not arrest me! But [this has happened]Ž in order that the scriptures would be fulfilled.

                                                                                                                  References for Mark 14:49

                                                                                                                    • Ȼ 14:49 - *Here "[courts]" is supplied to distinguish this area from the interior of the temple building itself
                                                                                                                    • ȼ 14:49 - The phrase "[this has happened]" is not in the Greek text, but is understood and must be supplied in the translation because of English style; cf. the parallel in Matt 26:56
                                                                                                                      50 And they all abandoned him [and] fled.

                                                                                                                      References for Mark 14:50

                                                                                                                        • Ƚ 14:50 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("abandoned") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                                                          51 And a certain young man was following him, clothed [only] in a linen cloth on [his] naked body. And they attempted to seize him,

                                                                                                                          References for Mark 14:51

                                                                                                                            • Ⱦ 14:51 - *Here the present tense is translated as a conative present ("attempted to")
                                                                                                                              52 but he left behind the linen cloth [and]‘ fled naked.

                                                                                                                              References for Mark 14:52

                                                                                                                                • ȿ 14:52 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("left behind") has been translated as a finite verb

                                                                                                                                  Jesus Before the Sanhedrin

                                                                                                                                  53 And they led Jesus away to the high priest, and all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes came together.

                                                                                                                                  References for Mark 14:53

                                                                                                                                      54 And Peter followed him from a distance, right inside, into the courtyard of the high priest. And he was sitting with the officers and warming himself by the fire.
                                                                                                                                      55 Now the chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for testimony against Jesus in order to put him to death, and they did not find [it].’

                                                                                                                                      References for Mark 14:55

                                                                                                                                        • ɀ 14:55 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                                                                                          56 For many gave false testimony against him, and their“ testimony was not consistent.

                                                                                                                                          References for Mark 14:56

                                                                                                                                            • Ɂ 14:56 - Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                                                                                                                                              57 And some stood up [and]” began to give false testimony• against him, saying,

                                                                                                                                              References for Mark 14:57

                                                                                                                                                • ɂ 14:57 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("stood up") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                                                                                • Ƀ 14:57 - The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began to give false testimony")
                                                                                                                                                  58 "We heard him saying, 'I will destroy this temple made by hands, and within three days I will build another not made by hands."
                                                                                                                                                  59 And their testimony was not even consistent about this.
                                                                                                                                                  60 And the high priest stood up in the midst [of them] [and]– asked Jesus, saying, "Do you not reply anything? What are these [people] testifying against you?"

                                                                                                                                                  References for Mark 14:60

                                                                                                                                                    • Ʉ 14:60 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("stood up") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                                                                                      61 But he was silent and did not reply anything. Again the high priest asked him and said to him, "Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?"
                                                                                                                                                      62 And Jesus said, "I am, and you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power— and coming with the clouds of heaven."

                                                                                                                                                      References for Mark 14:62

                                                                                                                                                        • Ʌ 14:62 - An indirect way of referring to God
                                                                                                                                                          63 And the high priest tore his clothes [and]˜ said, "What further need do we have of witnesses?

                                                                                                                                                          References for Mark 14:63

                                                                                                                                                            • Ɇ 14:63 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("tore") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                                                                                              64 You have heard the blasphemy! What {do you think}?"™ And they all condemned him {as deserving death}.š

                                                                                                                                                              References for Mark 14:64

                                                                                                                                                                • ɇ 14:64 - Literally "does it seem to you"
                                                                                                                                                                • Ɉ 14:64 - Literally "to be deserving of death"
                                                                                                                                                                  65 And some began to spit on him and to cover his face and to strike him with their fists, and to say to him "Prophesy!" And the officers received him with slaps in the face.›

                                                                                                                                                                  References for Mark 14:65

                                                                                                                                                                    • ɉ 14:65 - Or "with blows" (either meaning is possible here)

                                                                                                                                                                      Peter Denies Jesus Three Times

                                                                                                                                                                      66 And [while]œ Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the female slaves of the high priest came up

                                                                                                                                                                      References for Mark 14:66

                                                                                                                                                                        • Ɋ 14:66 - *Here "[while]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("was")
                                                                                                                                                                          67 And [when] she saw Peter warming himself, she looked intently at him [and]ž said, "You also were with the Nazarene, Jesus."

                                                                                                                                                                          References for Mark 14:67

                                                                                                                                                                            • ɋ 14:67 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("saw") which is understood as temporal
                                                                                                                                                                            • Ɍ 14:67 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("looked intently at") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                                                                                                              68 But he denied [it],Ÿ saying, "I neither know nor understand what you mean!" And he went out into the gateway, and a rooster crowed. 

                                                                                                                                                                              References for Mark 14:68

                                                                                                                                                                                • ɍ 14:68 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                                                                                                                                • Ɏ 14:68 - Several important and early manuscripts lack the words "and a rooster crowed"
                                                                                                                                                                                  69 And the female slave, [when she]¡ saw him, began to say again to the bystanders, "This man is one of them!"

                                                                                                                                                                                  References for Mark 14:69

                                                                                                                                                                                    • ɏ 14:69 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("saw") which is understood as temporal
                                                                                                                                                                                      70 But he denied [it]¢ again. And after a little [while], again the bystanders began to say£ to Peter, "You really are [one] of them, because you also are a Galilean, and your accent {shows it}!"¤¥

                                                                                                                                                                                      References for Mark 14:70

                                                                                                                                                                                        • ɐ 14:70 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ɑ 14:70 - The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began to say")
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ɒ 14:70 - Literally "is like"
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ɓ 14:70 - Some manuscripts omit "and your accent shows it"
                                                                                                                                                                                          71 And he began to curse and to swear with an oath, "I do not know this man whom you are talking about!"
                                                                                                                                                                                          72 And immediately a rooster crowed for the second time. And Peter remembered the statement, how Jesus had said to him, "Before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times," and throwing himself down, he began to weep.¦

                                                                                                                                                                                          References for Mark 14:72

                                                                                                                                                                                            • ɔ 14:72 - The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began to weep")