The Sermon on the Mount; The Beatitudes

1 1When Jesus saw the crowds, He went up on 2the mountain; and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him.

References for Matthew 5:1

2 3He opened His mouth and began to teach them, saying,

References for Matthew 5:2

3 "4Blessed are the poor in spirit, for 5theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

References for Matthew 5:3

    • b 5:3 - I.e. fortunate or prosperous, and so through v 11
    • c 5:3 - I.e. those who are not spiritually arrogant
      4 "Blessed are 6those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.

      References for Matthew 5:4

      5 "Blessed are 7the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth.

      References for Matthew 5:5

        • d 5:5 - Or "humble, meek"
          6 "Blessed are 8those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.

          References for Matthew 5:6

          7 "Blessed are 9the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.

          References for Matthew 5:7

          8 "Blessed are 10the pure in heart, for 11they shall see God.

          References for Matthew 5:8

          9 "Blessed are the peacemakers, for 12they shall be called sons of God.

          References for Matthew 5:9

          10 "Blessed are those who have been 13persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for 14theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
          11 "Blessed are you when people 15insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me.

          References for Matthew 5:11

          12 "Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for 16in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

          Disciples and the World

          13 "You are the salt of the earth; but 17if the salt has become tasteless, how * can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled under foot by men.

          References for Matthew 5:13

          14 "You are 18the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot * be hidden;

          References for Matthew 5:14

          15 19nor does anyone light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house.

          References for Matthew 5:15

          16 "Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may 20see your good works, and 21glorify your Father who is in heaven.

          References for Matthew 5:16

          17 "Do not think that I came to abolish the 22Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.

          References for Matthew 5:17

          18 "For truly I say to you, 23until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

          References for Matthew 5:18

            • h 5:18 - Lit "one iota" (Heb yodh) or "one projection of a letter" (serif)
              19 "Whoever * then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least 24in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever * keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

              References for Matthew 5:19

                • i 5:19 - Gr "anthropoi"
                • j 5:19 - Lit "does"
                  20 "For I say to you that unless * your 25righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.

                  References for Matthew 5:20

                  Personal Relationships

                  21 "26You have heard that the ancients were told, '27YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT MURDER ' and 'Whoever * commits murder shall be liable to 28the court.'

                  References for Matthew 5:21

                    • k 5:21 - Lit "it was said to the ancients"
                    • l 5:21 - Or "guilty before"
                      22 "But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before 29the court; and whoever * says to his brother, 'You good-for-nothing,' shall be guilty before 30the supreme court; and whoever * says, 'You fool,' shall be guilty enough to go into the 31fiery hell.

                      References for Matthew 5:22

                        • m 5:22 - Or "liable to"
                        • n 5:22 - Or "empty-head;" Gr "Raka (Raca)" fr Aram "reqa"
                        • o 5:22 - Or "liable to"
                        • p 5:22 - Lit "the Sanhedrin"
                        • q 5:22 - Or "liable to"
                        • r 5:22 - Lit "Gehenna of fire"
                          23 "Therefore if you are 32presenting your offering at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you,

                          References for Matthew 5:23

                          24 leave your offering there before the altar and go; first be 33reconciled to your brother, and then come and present your offering.

                          References for Matthew 5:24

                              25 "34Make friends quickly with your opponent at law while you are with him on the way, so that your opponent may not hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the officer, and you be thrown into prison.

                              References for Matthew 5:25

                              26 "Truly I say to you, 35you will not come out of there until you have paid up the last cent.

                              References for Matthew 5:26

                                • v 5:26 - Lit "quadrans" (equaling two mites); i.e. 1/64 of a daily wage
                                  27 "36You have heard that it was said, '37YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY ';

                                  References for Matthew 5:27

                                  28 but I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman 38with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

                                  References for Matthew 5:28

                                  29 "39If your right eye makes you stumble, tear it out and throw it from you; for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body, than * for your whole body to be thrown into 40hell.

                                  References for Matthew 5:29

                                    • w 5:29 - I.e. sin
                                    • x 5:29 - Lit "that lost"
                                    • y 5:29 - Lit "not your whole body"
                                    • z 5:29 - Gr "Gehenna"
                                      30 "41If your right hand makes you stumble, cut it off and throw it from you; for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body, than * for your whole body to go into 42hell.

                                      References for Matthew 5:30

                                        • { 5:30 - I.e. sin
                                        • | 5:30 - Lit "that lost"
                                        • } 5:30 - Lit "not your whole body"
                                        • ~ 5:30 - Gr "Gehenna"
                                          31 "It was said, '43WHOEVER * SENDS HIS WIFE AWAY, LET HIM GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE ';

                                          References for Matthew 5:31

                                          32 44but I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except for the reason of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever * marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

                                          References for Matthew 5:32

                                            •  5:32 - Or "sends away"
                                            • € 5:32 - Or "sent away"
                                              33 "Again, 45you have heard that the ancients were told, '46YOU SHALL NOT MAKE FALSE VOWS, BUT SHALL FULFILL YOUR VOWS TO THE LORD.'

                                              References for Matthew 5:33

                                                •  5:33 - Lit "it was said to the ancients"
                                                • ‚ 5:33 - "you" and "your" are singular here
                                                • ƒ 5:33 - Or "break your vows"
                                                • „ 5:33 - Lit "oaths"
                                                  34 "But I say to you, 47make no oath at all, either by heaven, for it is 48the throne of God,

                                                  References for Matthew 5:34

                                                  35 or by the earth, for it is the 49footstool of His feet, or by Jerusalem, for it is 50THE CITY OF THE GREAT KING.

                                                  References for Matthew 5:35

                                                  36 "Nor shall you make an oath by your head, for you cannot * make one hair white or black.
                                                  37 "But let your statement be, 'Yes, yes ' or 'No, no '; anything beyond these is of 51evil.

                                                  References for Matthew 5:37

                                                  38 "52You have heard that it was said, '53AN EYE FOR AN EYE, AND A TOOTH FOR A TOOTH.'
                                                  39 "But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but 54whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.

                                                  References for Matthew 5:39

                                                  40 "If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, let him have your coat also.

                                                  References for Matthew 5:40

                                                    • ‡ 5:40 - Lit "tunic;" i.e. a garment worn next to the body
                                                    • ˆ 5:40 - Lit "cloak;" i.e. an outer garment
                                                      41 "Whoever forces you to go one mile, go with him two.

                                                      References for Matthew 5:41

                                                        • ‰ 5:41 - Lit "will force"
                                                          42 "55Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you.

                                                          References for Matthew 5:42

                                                          43 "56You have heard that it was said, '57YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR 58and hate your enemy.'

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                                                          44 "But I say to you, 59love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,

                                                          References for Matthew 5:44

                                                          45 so that you may be 60sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.

                                                          References for Matthew 5:45

                                                            • Š 5:45 - Or "show yourselves to be"
                                                              46 "For 61if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same?

                                                              References for Matthew 5:46

                                                              47 "If you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same?
                                                              48 "Therefore 62you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

                                                              References for Matthew 5:48