Matthew 6

Giving to the Poor and Prayer

1 "Beware of practicing your righteousness before men 1to be noticed by them; otherwise you have no reward with your Father who is in heaven.
2 "So when you give to the poor, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, so that they 2may be honored by men. 3Truly I say to you, they have their reward in full.
3 "But when you give to the poor, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing,
4 so that your giving will be in secret; and 4your Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you.
5 "When you pray, you are not to be like the hypocrites; for they love to 5stand and pray in the synagogues and on the street corners 6so that they may be seen by men. 7Truly I say to you, they have their reward in full.
6 "But you, when you pray, 8go into your inner room, close your door and pray to your Father who is in secret, and 9your Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you.
7 "And when you are praying, do not use meaningless repetition as the Gentiles do, for they suppose that they will be heard for their 10many words.
8 "So do not be like them; for 11your Father knows what you need before you ask Him.
9 "12Pray, then, in this way: 'Our Father who is in heaven, Hallowed be Your name.
10 '13Your kingdom come. 14Your will be done, On earth as it is in heaven.
11 '15Give us this day our daily bread.
12 'And 16forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 'And do not lead us into temptation, but 17deliver us from 18evil. [For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.']
14 "19For if you forgive others for their transgressions, your heavenly Father will also forgive you.
15 "But 20if you do not forgive others, then your Father will not forgive your transgressions.

Fasting; The True Treasure; Wealth (Mammon)

16 "21Whenever you fast, do not put on a gloomy face as the hypocrites do, for they neglect their appearance so that they will be noticed by men when they are fasting. 22Truly I say to you, they have their reward in full.
17 "But you, when you fast, 23anoint your head and wash your face
18 so that your fasting will not be noticed by men, but by your Father who is in secret; and your 24Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you.
19 "25Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal.
20 "But store up for yourselves 26treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys, and where thieves do not break in or steal;
21 for 27where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
22 "28The eye is the lamp of the body; so then if your eye is clear, your whole body will be full of light.
23 "But if 29your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light that is in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!
24 "30No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to one and despise the other. You cannot * serve God and 31wealth.

The Cure for Anxiety

25 "32For this reason I say to you, do not be 33worried about your life, as to what you will eat or what you will drink; nor for your body, as to what you will put on. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing?
26 "34Look at the birds of the air, that they do not sow, nor reap nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not worth much more than they?
27 "And who of you by being 35worried can 36add a single hour to his life?
28 "And why are you 37worried about clothing? Observe how the lilies of the field grow; they do not toil nor do they spin,
29 yet I say to you that not even 38Solomon in all his glory clothed himself like one of these.
30 "But if God so clothes the 39grass of the field, which is alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the furnace, will He not much more clothe you? 40You of little faith!
31 "Do not 41worry then, saying, 'What will we eat?' or 'What will we drink?' or 'What will we wear for clothing?'
32 "For the Gentiles eagerly seek all these things; for 42your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things.
33 "But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and 43all these things will be added to you.
34 "So do not 44worry about tomorrow; for tomorrow will care for itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.

Images for Matthew 6

Matthew 6 Commentary

Chapter 6

Against hypocrisy in almsgiving. (1-4) Against hypocrisy in prayer. (5-8) How to pray. (9-15) Respecting fasting. (16-18) Evil of being worldly-minded. (19-24) Trust in God commended. (25-34)

Verses 1-4 Our Lord next warned against hypocrisy and outward show in religious duties. What we do, must be done from an inward principle, that we may be approved of God, not that we may be praised of men. In these verses we are cautioned against hypocrisy in giving alms. Take heed of it. It is a subtle sin; and vain-glory creeps into what we do, before we are aware. But the duty is not the less necessary and excellent for being abused by hypocrites to serve their pride. The doom Christ passes, at first may seem a promise, but it is their reward; not the reward God promises to those who do good, but the reward hypocrites promise themselves, and a poor reward it is; they did it to be seen of men, and they are seen of men. When we take least notice of our good deeds ourselves, God takes most notice of them. He will reward thee; not as a master who gives his servant what he earns, and no more, but as a Father who gives abundantly to his son that serves him.

Verses 5-8 It is taken for granted that all who are disciples of Christ pray. You may as soon find a living man that does not breathe, as a living Christian that does not pray. If prayerless, then graceless. The Scribes and Pharisees were guilty of two great faults in prayer, vain-glory and vain repetitions. "Verily they have their reward;" if in so great a matter as is between us and God, when we are at prayer, we can look to so poor a thing as the praise of men, it is just that it should be all our reward. Yet there is not a secret, sudden breathing after God, but he observes it. It is called a reward, but it is of grace, not of debt; what merit can there be in begging? If he does not give his people what they ask, it is because he knows they do not need it, and that it is not for their good. So far is God from being wrought upon by the length or words of our prayers, that the most powerful intercessions are those which are made with groanings that cannot be uttered. Let us well study what is shown of the frame of mind in which our prayers should be offered, and learn daily from Christ how to pray.

Verses 9-15 Christ saw it needful to show his disciples what must commonly be the matter and method of their prayer. Not that we are tied up to the use of this only, or of this always; yet, without doubt, it is very good to use it. It has much in a little; and it is used acceptably no further than it is used with understanding, and without being needlessly repeated. The petitions are six; the first three relate more expressly to God and his honour, the last three to our own concerns, both temporal and spiritual. This prayer teaches us to seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and that all other things shall be added. After the things of God's glory, kingdom, and will, we pray for the needful supports and comforts of this present life. Every word here has a lesson in it. We ask for bread; that teaches us sobriety and temperance: and we ask only for bread; not for what we do not need. We ask for our bread; that teaches us honesty and industry: we do not ask for the bread of others, nor the bread of deceit, ( Proverbs 20:17 ) ; nor the bread of idleness, ( Proverbs 31:27 ) , but the bread honestly gotten. We ask for our daily bread; which teaches us constantly to depend upon Divine Providence. We beg of God to give it us; not sell it us, nor lend it us, but give it. The greatest of men must be beholden to the mercy of God for their daily bread. We pray, Give it to us. This teaches us a compassion for the poor. Also that we ought to pray with our families. We pray that God would give it us this day; which teaches us to renew the desires of our souls toward God, as the wants of our bodies are renewed. As the day comes we must pray to our heavenly Father, and reckon we could as well go a day without food, as without prayer. We are taught to hate and dread sin while we hope for mercy, to distrust ourselves, to rely on the providence and grace of God to keep us from it, to be prepared to resist the tempter, and not to become tempters of others. Here is a promise, If you forgive, your heavenly Father will also forgive. We must forgive, as we hope to be forgiven. Those who desire to find mercy with God, must show mercy to their brethren. Christ came into the world as the great Peace-maker, not only to reconcile us to God, but one to another.

Verses 16-18 Religious fasting is a duty required of the disciples of Christ, but it is not so much a duty itself, as a means to dispose us for other duties. Fasting is the humbling of the soul, ( Psalms 35:13 ) ; that is the inside of the duty; let that, therefore, be thy principal care, and as to the outside of it, covet not to let it be seen. God sees in secret, and will reward openly.

Verses 19-24 Worldly-mindedness is a common and fatal symptom of hypocrisy, for by no sin can Satan have a surer and faster hold of the soul, under the cloak of a profession of religion. Something the soul will have, which it looks upon as the best thing; in which it has pleasure and confidence above other things. Christ counsels to make our best things the joys and glories of the other world, those things not seen which are eternal, and to place our happiness in them. There are treasures in heaven. It is our wisdom to give all diligence to make our title to eternal life sure through Jesus Christ, and to look on all things here below, as not worthy to be compared with it, and to be content with nothing short of it. It is happiness above and beyond the changes and chances of time, an inheritance incorruptible. The worldly man is wrong in his first principle; therefore all his reasonings and actions therefrom must be wrong. It is equally to be applied to false religion; that which is deemed light is thick darkness. This is an awful, but a common case; we should therefore carefully examine our leading principles by the word of God, with earnest prayer for the teaching of his Spirit. A man may do some service to two masters, but he can devote himself to the service of no more than one. God requires the whole heart, and will not share it with the world. When two masters oppose each other, no man can serve both. He who holds to the world and loves it, must despise God; he who loves God, must give up the friendship of the world.

Verses 25-34 There is scarcely any sin against which our Lord Jesus more warns his disciples, than disquieting, distracting, distrustful cares about the things of this life. This often insnares the poor as much as the love of wealth does the rich. But there is a carefulness about temporal things which is a duty, though we must not carry these lawful cares too far. Take no thought for your life. Not about the length of it; but refer it to God to lengthen or shorten it as he pleases; our times are in his hand, and they are in a good hand. Not about the comforts of this life; but leave it to God to make it bitter or sweet as he pleases. Food and raiment God has promised, therefore we may expect them. Take no thought for the morrow, for the time to come. Be not anxious for the future, how you shall live next year, or when you are old, or what you shall leave behind you. As we must not boast of tomorrow, so we must not care for to-morrow, or the events of it. God has given us life, and has given us the body. And what can he not do for us, who did that? If we take care about our souls and for eternity, which are more than the body and its life, we may leave it to God to provide for us food and raiment, which are less. Improve this as an encouragement to trust in God. We must reconcile ourselves to our worldly estate, as we do to our stature. We cannot alter the disposals of Providence, therefore we must submit and resign ourselves to them. Thoughtfulness for our souls is the best cure of thoughtfulness for the world. Seek first the kingdom of God, and make religion your business: say not that this is the way to starve; no, it is the way to be well provided for, even in this world. The conclusion of the whole matter is, that it is the will and command of the Lord Jesus, that by daily prayers we may get strength to bear us up under our daily troubles, and to arm us against the temptations that attend them, and then let none of these things move us. Happy are those who take the Lord for their God, and make full proof of it by trusting themselves wholly to his wise disposal. Let thy Spirit convince us of sin in the want of this disposition, and take away the worldliness of our hearts.

Cross References 44

  • 1. Matthew 6:5, 16; Matthew 23:5
  • 2. Matthew 6:5, 16; Matthew 23:5
  • 3. Matthew 6:5, 16; Luke 6:24
  • 4. Jeremiah 17:10; Matthew 6:6, 18; Hebrews 4:13
  • 5. Mark 11:25; Luke 18:11, 13
  • 6. Matthew 6:1, 16
  • 7. Matthew 6:2, 16; Luke 6:24
  • 8. Isaiah 26:20; Matthew 26:36-39; Acts 9:40
  • 9. Matthew 6:4, 18
  • 10. 1 Kings 18:26
  • 11. Psalms 38:9; Psalms 69:17-19; Matthew 6:32; Luke 12:30
  • 12. Matthew 6:9-13: {Luke 11:2-4}
  • 13. Matthew 3:2; Matthew 4:17
  • 14. Matthew 26:42; Luke 22:42; Acts 21:14
  • 15. Proverbs 30:8; Isaiah 33:16; Luke 11:3
  • 16. Exodus 34:7; Psalms 32:1; Psalms 130:4; Matthew 9:2; Matthew 26:28; Ephesians 1:7; 1 John 1:7-9
  • 17. John 17:15; 1 Corinthians 10:13; 2 Thessalonians 3:3; 2 Timothy 4:18; 2 Peter 2:9; 1 John 5:18
  • 18. Matthew 5:37
  • 19. Matthew 7:2; Mark 11:25; Ephesians 4:32; Colossians 3:13
  • 20. Matthew 18:35
  • 21. Isaiah 58:5
  • 22. Matthew 6:2
  • 23. Ruth 3:3; 2 Samuel 12:20
  • 24. Matthew 6:4, 6
  • 25. Proverbs 23:4; Matthew 19:21; Luke 12:21, 33; Luke 18:22; 1 Timothy 6:9, 10; Hebrews 13:5; James 5:2
  • 26. Matthew 19:21; Luke 12:33; 1 Timothy 6:19
  • 27. Luke 12:34
  • 28. Matthew 6:22, 23: {Luke 11:34, 35}
  • 29. Matthew 20:15; Mark 7:22
  • 30. 1 Kings 18:21; Luke 16:13; Galatians 1:10; James 4:4
  • 31. Luke 16:9, 11, 13
  • 32. Matthew 6:25-33: {Luke 12:22-31}
  • 33. Matt 6:27, 28, 31, 34; Luke 10:41; Luke 12:11, 22; Philippians 4:6; 1 Peter 5:7
  • 34. Job 35:11; Job 38:41; Psalms 104:27, 28; Matthew 10:29f; Luke 12:24
  • 35. Matt 6:25, 28, 31, 34; Luke 10:41; Luke 12:11, 22; Philippians 4:6; 1 Peter 5:7
  • 36. Psalms 39:5
  • 37. Matt 6:25, 27, 31, 34; Luke 10:41; Luke 12:11, 22; Philippians 4:6; 1 Peter 5:7
  • 38. 1 Kings 10:4-7; 2 Chr 9:4-6, 20-22
  • 39. James 1:10, 11; 1 Peter 1:24
  • 40. Matthew 8:26; Matthew 14:31; Matthew 16:8
  • 41. Matt 6:25, 27, 28, 34; Luke 10:41; Luke 12:11, 22; Philippians 4:6; 1 Peter 5:7
  • 42. Matthew 6:8; Philippians 4:19
  • 43. Matthew 19:28; Mark 10:29; Luke 18:29; 1 Timothy 4:8
  • 44. Matt 6:25, 27, 28, 31; Luke 10:41; Luke 12:11, 22; Philippians 4:6; 1 Peter 5:7

Footnotes 23

  • [a]. Or "give alms"
  • [b]. Or "give alms"
  • [c]. Or "alms"
  • [d]. Lit "to be apparent to men"
  • [e]. Or "our bread for tomorrow"
  • [f]. Or "the evil one"
  • [g]. This clause not found in early mss
  • [h]. Gr "anthropoi"
  • [i]. Gr "anthropoi"
  • [j]. Lit "distort their faces", i.e. discolor their faces with makeup
  • [k]. Or "healthy;" or "sincere"
  • [l]. Or "evil"
  • [m]. Gr "mamonas," for Aram "mamon" (mammon); i.e. wealth, etc., personified as an object of worship
  • [n]. Or "stop being worried"
  • [o]. Lit "soul"
  • [p]. Lit "heaven"
  • [q]. Lit "cubit" (approx 18 in.)
  • [r]. Or "height"
  • [s]. Or "continually seek"
  • [t]. Or "the kingdom"
  • [u]. Or "provided"
  • [v]. Lit "worry about itself"
  • [w]. Lit "Sufficient for the day is its evils"

Matthew 6 Commentaries

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