Compare Translations for Numbers 30:10

Numbers 30:10 ASV
And if she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath,
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Numbers 30:10 BBE
If she made an oath while she was under the authority of her husband,
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Numbers 30:10 CEB
If a woman makes a solemn promise in her husband's household or makes a binding obligation for herself with a solemn pledge,
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Numbers 30:10 CJB
"If a woman vowed in her husband's house or obligated herself with an
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Numbers 30:10 RHE
(30-11) If the wife in the house of her husband, hath bound herself by vow and by oath,
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Numbers 30:10 ESV
And if she vowed in her husband's house or bound herself by a pledge with an oath,
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Numbers 30:10 GW
"A married woman might make a vow that she will do something or swear an oath that she won't do something.
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Numbers 30:10 GNT
If a married woman makes a vow or promises to abstain from something,
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Numbers 30:10 HNV
If she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath,
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Numbers 30:10 CSB
"If a woman in her husband's house has made a vow or put herself under an obligation with an oath,
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Numbers 30:10 KJV
And if she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath;
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Numbers 30:10 LEB
But if she made a vow [in] her husband's house, or bound herself on a pledge with a sworn oath,
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Numbers 30:10 NAS
"However, if she vowed in her husband's house, or bound herself by an obligation with an oath,
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Numbers 30:10 NCV
"If a woman makes a promise or pledge while she is married,
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Numbers 30:10 NIRV
"Suppose a woman who is living with her husband makes a special promise. Or she takes an oath and agrees to do something.
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Numbers 30:10 NIV
"If a woman living with her husband makes a vow or obligates herself by a pledge under oath
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Numbers 30:10 NKJV
"If she vowed in her husband's house, or bound herself by an agreement with an oath,
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Numbers 30:10 NLT
"Suppose a woman is married and living in her husband's home when she makes a vow or pledge.
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Numbers 30:10 NRS
And if she made a vow in her husband's house, or bound herself by a pledge with an oath,
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Numbers 30:10 RSV
And if she vowed in her husband's house, or bound herself by a pledge with an oath,
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Numbers 30:10 DBY
And if she have vowed in her husband's house, or have bound her soul by an oath with a bond,
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Numbers 30:10 MSG
"When a woman who is living with her husband makes a vow or takes a pledge under oath
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Numbers 30:10 WBT
And if she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath;
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Numbers 30:10 TMB
And if she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath,
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Numbers 30:10 TNIV
"If a woman living with her husband makes a vow or obligates herself by a pledge under oath
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Numbers 30:10 TYN
Yf she vowed in her husbandes housse or bounde her soule with an oth
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Numbers 30:10 WEB
If she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath,
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Numbers 30:10 WYC
When a wife in her husband's house bindeth herself by a vow, and an oath (or with an oath),
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Numbers 30:10 YLT
`And if [in] the house of her husband she hath vowed, or hath bound a bond on her soul with an oath,
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Numbers 30 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 30

Vows to be kept. (1,2) The cases wherein vows might be released. (3-16)

Verses 1-2 No man can be bound by his own promise to do what he is already, by the Divine precept, forbidden to do. In other matters the command is, that he shall not break his words, through he may change his mind.

Verses 3-16 Two cases of vows are determined. The case of a daughter in her father's house. When her vow comes to his knowledge, it is in his power either to confirm it or do it away. The law is plain in the case of a wife. If her husband allows her vow, though only by silence, it stands. If he disallows it, her obligation to her husband takes place of it; for to him she ought to be in subjection, as unto the Lord. The Divine law consults the good order of families. It is fit that every man should bear rule in his own house, and have his wife and children in subjection; rather than that this great rule should be broken, or any encouragement be given to inferior relations to break those bonds asunder, God releases the obligation even of a solemn vow. So much does religion secure the welfare of all societies; and in it the families of the earth have a blessing.

Numbers 30 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 30

Numbers 30:1-16 . VOWS ARE NOT TO BE BROKEN.

1. This is the thing which the Lord hath commanded--The subject of this chapter relates to vowing, which seems to have been an ancient usage, allowed by the law to remain, and by which some people declared their intention of offering some gift on the altar or abstaining from particular articles of meat or drink, of observing a private fast, or doing something to the honor or in the service of God, over and above what was authoritatively required. In Numbers 29:39 , mention was made of "vows and freewill offerings," and it is probable, from the explanatory nature of the rules laid down in this chapter, that these were given for the removal of doubts and difficulties which conscientious persons had felt about their obligation to perform their vows in certain circumstances that had arisen.

2. If a man vow a vow unto the Lord--A mere secret purpose of the mind was not enough to constitute a vow; it had to be actually expressed in words; and though a purely voluntary act, yet when once the vow was made, the performance of it, like that of every other promise, became an indispensable duty--all the more because, referring to a sacred thing, it could not be neglected without the guilt of prevarication and unfaithfulness to God.
he shall not break his word--literally, "profane his word"--render it vain and contemptible ( Psalms 55:20 , 89:34 ). But as it would frequently happen that parties would vow to do things which were neither good in themselves nor in their power to perform, the law ordained that their natural superiors should have the right of judging as to the propriety of those vows, with discretionary power to sanction or interdict their fulfilment. Parents were to determine in the case of their children, and husbands in that of their wives--being, however, allowed only a day for deliberation after the matter became known to them; and their judgment, if unfavorable, released the devotee from all obligation [ Numbers 30:3-8 ].

3. If a woman also vow a vow unto the Lord, and bind herself by a bond, being in her father's house in her youth--Girls only are specified; but minors of the other sex, who resided under the parental roof, were included, according to Jewish writers, who also consider the name "father" as comprehending all guardians of youth. We are also told that the age at which young people were deemed capable of vowing was thirteen for boys and twelve for girls. The judgment of a father or guardian on the vow of any under his charge might be given either by an expressed approval or by silence, which was to be construed as approval. But in the case of a husband who, after silence from day to day, should ultimately disapprove or hinder his wife's vow, the sin of non-performance was to be imputed to him and not to her [ Numbers 30:15 ].

9. every vow of a widow--In the case of a married woman, who, in the event of a separation from her husband, or of his death, returned, as was not uncommon, to her father's house, a doubt might have been entertained whether she was not, as before, subject to paternal jurisdiction and obliged to act with the paternal consent. The law ordained that the vow was binding if it had been made in her husband's lifetime, and he, on being made aware of it, had not interposed his veto [ Numbers 30:10 Numbers 30:11 ]; as, for instance, she might have vowed, when not a widow, that she would assign a portion of her income to pious and charitable uses, of which she might repent when actually a widow; but by this statute she was required to fulfil the obligation, provided her circumstances enabled her to redeem the pledge. The rules laid down must have been exceedingly useful for the prevention or cancelling of rash vows, as well as for giving a proper sanction to such as were legitimate in their nature, and made in a devout, reflecting spirit.