Zimri, one of his officials, who had command of half his chariots, plotted against him. Elah was in Tirzah at the time, getting drunk1 in the home of Arza, the man in charge2 of the palace at Tirzah.
References for 1 Kings 16:9
Zimri came in, struck him down and killed him in the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah. Then he succeeded him as king.3
References for 1 Kings 16:10
As soon as he began to reign and was seated on the throne, he killed off Baasha's whole family.4 He did not spare a single male, whether relative or friend.
References for 1 Kings 16:11
So Zimri destroyed the whole family of Baasha, in accordance with the word of the LORD spoken against Baasha through the prophet Jehu--
because of all the sins Baasha and his son Elah had committed and had caused Israel to commit, so that they provoked the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger by their worthless idols.5
References for 1 Kings 16:13
As for the other events of Elah's reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel?
In the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah, Zimri reigned in Tirzah seven days. The army was encamped near Gibbethon,6 a Philistine town.
References for 1 Kings 16:15
When the Israelites in the camp heard that Zimri had plotted against the king and murdered him, they proclaimed Omri, the commander of the army, king over Israel that very day there in the camp.
Then Omri and all the Israelites with him withdrew from Gibbethon and laid siege to Tirzah.
When Zimri saw that the city was taken, he went into the citadel of the royal palace and set the palace on fire around him. So he died,
because of the sins he had committed, doing evil in the eyes of the LORD and walking in the ways of Jeroboam and in the sin he had committed and had caused Israel to commit.
As for the other events of Zimri's reign, and the rebellion he carried out, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel?
Then the people of Israel were split into two factions; half supported Tibni son of Ginath for king, and the other half supported Omri.
References for 1 Kings 16:21
But Omri's followers proved stronger than those of Tibni son of Ginath. So Tibni died and Omri became king.