Now the Philistines gathered their forces for war and assembled1 at Socoh in Judah. They pitched camp at Ephes Dammim, between Socoh2 and Azekah.3
References for 1 Samuel 17:1
Saul and the Israelites assembled and camped in the Valley of Elah4 and drew up their battle line to meet the Philistines.
References for 1 Samuel 17:2
The Philistines occupied one hill and the Israelites another, with the valley between them.
A champion named Goliath,5 who was from Gath, came out of the Philistine camp. He was over nine feet tall.
References for 1 Samuel 17:4
He had a bronze helmet on his head and wore a coat of scale armor of bronze weighing five thousand shekels;
References for 1 Samuel 17:5
on his legs he wore bronze greaves, and a bronze javelin6 was slung on his back.
References for 1 Samuel 17:6
His spear shaft was like a weaver's rod,7 and its iron point weighed six hundred shekels. His shield bearer8 went ahead of him.
References for 1 Samuel 17:7
Goliath stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, "Why do you come out and line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you not the servants of Saul? Choose9 a man and have him come down to me.
References for 1 Samuel 17:8
If he is able to fight and kill me, we will become your subjects; but if I overcome him and kill him, you will become our subjects and serve us."
Then the Philistine said, "This day I defy10 the ranks of Israel! Give me a man and let us fight each other.11"
References for 1 Samuel 17:10
On hearing the Philistine's words, Saul and all the Israelites were dismayed and terrified.