Romans 9 NIV

Paul’s Anguish Over Israel

1 I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit—

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2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart.
3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race,

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4 the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption to sonship; theirs the divine glory, the covenants, the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises.

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5 Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of the Messiah, who is God over all, forever praised!a Amen.

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    • ‹ 9:5 - Or "Messiah, who is over all. God be forever praised!" Or "Messiah. God who is over all be forever praised!"

      God’s Sovereign Choice

      6 It is not as though God’s word had failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.

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      7 Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham’s children. On the contrary, “It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.”b

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      8 In other words, it is not the children by physical descent who are God’s children, but it is the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham’s offspring.

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      9 For this was how the promise was stated: “At the appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son.”c

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        •  9:9 - Gen. 18:10,14
          10 Not only that, but Rebekah’s children were conceived at the same time by our father Isaac.

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          11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad—in order that God’s purpose in election might stand:

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              12 not by works but by him who calls—she was told, “The older will serve the younger.”d

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              13 Just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”e

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              14 What then shall we say? Is God unjust? Not at all!

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              15 For he says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”f

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                •  9:15 - Exodus 33:19
                  16 It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God’s mercy.

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                  17 For Scripture says to Pharaoh: “I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.”g

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                  18 Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.

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                  19 One of you will say to me: “Then why does God still blame us? For who is able to resist his will?”

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                  20 But who are you, a human being, to talk back to God? “Shall what is formed say to the one who formed it, ‘Why did you make me like this?’ ”h

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                    • ’ 9:20 - Isaiah 29:16; 45:9
                      21 Does not the potter have the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for special purposes and some for common use?

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                      22 What if God, although choosing to show his wrath and make his power known, bore with great patience the objects of his wrath—prepared for destruction?

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                      23 What if he did this to make the riches of his glory known to the objects of his mercy, whom he prepared in advance for glory—

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                      24 even us, whom he also called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles?

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                      25 As he says in Hosea: “I will call them ‘my people’ who are not my people; and I will call her ‘my loved one’ who is not my loved one,”i

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                      26 and, “In the very place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ there they will be called ‘children of the living God.’ ”j

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                      27 Isaiah cries out concerning Israel: “Though the number of the Israelites be like the sand by the sea, only the remnant will be saved.

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                      28 For the Lord will carry out his sentence on earth with speed and finality.”k

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                        • • 9:28 - Isaiah 10:22,23 (see Septuagint)
                          29 It is just as Isaiah said previously: “Unless the Lord Almighty had left us descendants, we would have become like Sodom, we would have been like Gomorrah.”l

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                          Israel’s Unbelief

                          30 What then shall we say? That the Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have obtained it, a righteousness that is by faith;

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                          31 but the people of Israel, who pursued the law as the way of righteousness, have not attained their goal.

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                          32 Why not? Because they pursued it not by faith but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone.

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                          33 As it is written: “See, I lay in Zion a stone that causes people to stumble and a rock that makes them fall, and the one who believes in him will never be put to shame.”m

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                            • — 9:33 - Isaiah 8:14; 28:16