Romans 9:6

God’s Sovereign Choice

6 It is not as though God’s word had failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.

Romans 9:6 in Other Translations

King James Version (KJV)
6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel:
English Standard Version (ESV)
6 But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel,
New Living Translation (NLT)
6 Well then, has God failed to fulfill his promise to Israel? No, for not all who are born into the nation of Israel are truly members of God’s people!
The Message Bible (MSG)
6 Don't suppose for a moment, though, that God's Word has malfunctioned in some way or other. The problem goes back a long way. From the outset, not all Israelites of the flesh were Israelites of the spirit.
American Standard Version (ASV)
6 But [it is] not as though the word of God hath come to nought. For they are not all Israel, that are of Israel:
GOD'S WORD Translation (GW)
6 Now it is not as though God's word has failed. Clearly, not everyone descended from Israel is part of Israel
Holman Christian Standard Bible (CSB)
6 But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.
New International Reader's Version (NIRV)
6 Their condition does not mean that God's word has failed. Not everyone in the family line of Israel really belongs to Israel.

Romans 9:6 Meaning and Commentary

Romans 9:6

Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect
Or "it is not possible indeed that the word of God should fall"; see ( 1 Samuel 3:10 ) ; This the apostle says, partly to relieve his own mind pressed with sorrow, and partly to obviate an objection some might make, or prevent any mistake any might be ready to go into; as though from what he suggested that what God had said concerning the people of the Jews, was made void and without effect: for whether by the "word of God" are meant, the Scriptures in general, the prophecies of the Old Testament, these were now about to have their accomplishment, in the rejection of the Jews, and in the conversion of the Gentiles; or whether by it is designed the Gospel, this, as preached both by Christ and his apostles, had had its effect upon God's chosen ones among that people; it was become the power of God unto salvation, to the Jew first: or rather by it may be intended, God's word of promise to Abraham, that he would be a God to him, and to his seed after him; and that he and they should be heir of the world, of this and of that which is to come; particularly the heavenly inheritance, which he gave to him by promise; this was not made void, or had taken none effect: for this was made only to Abraham and his spiritual seed; and therefore though his carnal seed believed not, and for their unbelief should be cut off, this did not make the faith, or faithfulness of God of none effect:

for they are not all Israel, which are of Israel;
that is, they which are the descendants of the patriarch Jacob, whose name was Israel; or who are of the Israelitish nation, of the stock of Israel, belonging to that people; they are not all (larvy ta) , "the Israel", by way of emphasis, as in ( Psalms 25:22 ) , or the "Israel of God", ( Galatians 6:16 ) , the Israel whom Jehovah the Father has chosen for a peculiar people; which Christ has redeemed from all their iniquities; which the Spirit of God calls with an holy calling, by special grace, to special privileges; the seed of Israel who are justified in Christ, whose iniquities are so pardoned and done away, that when they are sought for they shall not be found, and who are saved in the Lord with an everlasting salvation: or in other words, though they are "Israel after the flesh", ( 1 Corinthians 10:18 ) , yet not after the Spirit; though they are by nation Israelites, they are not Israelites "indeed", as Nathanael was, ( John 1:47 ) ; they are Jews outwardly, not inwardly; they have not all principles of grace, uprightness, and sincerity in them: now to these spiritual Israelites, or seed of Abraham, were the word of God, the promises of God concerning spiritual and eternal things made, and upon these they had their effect; and therefore it could not be said that the word of God had taken none effect; though the whole body of Israel after the flesh were cut off and rejected. Some copies, and the Vulgate Latin version, read, "who are Israelites"; and the Ethiopic version, "they are not all Israel who came out of Egypt".

Romans 9:6 In-Context

4 the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption to sonship; theirs the divine glory, the covenants, the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises.
5 Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of the Messiah, who is God over all, forever praised! Amen.
6 It is not as though God’s word had failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.
7 Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham’s children. On the contrary, “It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.”
8 In other words, it is not the children by physical descent who are God’s children, but it is the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham’s offspring.

Cross References 2

  • 1. S Hebrews 4:12
  • 2. Romans 2:28,29; Galatians 6:16
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