Exodus 15:1-21

The Song of Moses

1 Then Moses and the people of Israel 1sang this song to the LORD, saying, 2"I will sing to the LORD, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider[a] he has thrown into the sea.
2 3The LORD is my strength and my 4song, and he has become 5my salvation; this is my God, and I will praise him, 6my father's God, and 7I will exalt him.
3 The LORD is 8a man of war; 9the LORD is his name.
4 10"Pharaoh's chariots and his host he cast into the sea, and his chosen 11officers were sunk in the Red Sea.
5 The 12floods covered them; they 13went down into the depths like a stone.
6 14Your right hand, O LORD, glorious in power, your right hand, O LORD, 15shatters the enemy.
7 In the 16greatness of your majesty you overthrow your adversaries; you send out your fury; it 17consumes them like stubble.
8 At the 18blast of your nostrils the waters piled up; the 19floods stood up in a heap; the deeps congealed in the heart of the sea.
9 The enemy said, 20'I will pursue, I will overtake, I 21will divide the spoil, my desire shall have its fill of them. I will draw my sword; my hand shall destroy them.'
10 You 22blew with your wind; the 23sea covered them; they sank like lead in the mighty waters.
11 24"Who is like you, O LORD, among the gods? Who is like you, majestic in holiness, awesome in 25glorious deeds, 26doing wonders?
12 You stretched out 27your right hand; the earth swallowed them.
13 "You have 28led in your steadfast love the people whom 29you have redeemed; you have 30guided them by your strength to your holy abode.
14 31The peoples have heard; they tremble; pangs have seized the inhabitants of Philistia.
15 Now are the chiefs of Edom 32dismayed; trembling seizes the leaders of 33Moab; 34all the inhabitants of Canaan have melted away.
16 Terror and 35dread fall upon them; because of the greatness of your arm, they are still 36as a stone, till your people, O LORD, pass by, till the people pass by whom 37you have purchased.
17 You will bring them in and 38plant them on your own mountain, the place, O LORD, which you have made for your abode, 39the sanctuary, O Lord, which your hands have established.
18 40The LORD will reign forever and ever."
19 For when 41the horses of Pharaoh with his chariots and his horsemen went into the sea, 42the LORD brought back the waters of the sea upon them, but the people of Israel walked on dry ground in the midst of the sea.
20 Then 43Miriam 44the prophetess, the 45sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and 46all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing.
21 And Miriam sang to them: 47"Sing to the LORD, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider he has thrown into the sea."

Exodus 15:1-21 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO EXODUS 15

This chapter contains the song of Moses, and of the children of Israel, on the banks of the Red sea; in which they celebrate their passage through it, the destruction of Pharaoh and his host in it, and the glory of the divine perfections displayed therein, interspersed with prophetic hints of things future, Ex 15:1-19 which same song was sung by the women, with Miriam at the head of them, attended with timbrels and dances, Ex 15:20,21, an account is given of the march of the children of Israel from the Red sea to the wilderness of Shur, and of the bitter waters found at Marah, which occasioned a murmuring, and of their being made sweet by casting a tree into them, Ex 15:22-25 when they were told by the Lord, that if they would yield obedience to his commandments, they should be free from the diseases the Egyptians had been afflicted with, Ex 15:26, and the chapter is concluded with their coming to Elim, where they found twelve wells of water, and seventy palm trees, and there encamped, Ex 15:27.

Exodus 15:1-21 In-Context

1 Then Moses and the people of Israel sang this song to the LORD, saying, "I will sing to the LORD, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider he has thrown into the sea.
2 The LORD is my strength and my song, and he has become my salvation; this is my God, and I will praise him, my father's God, and I will exalt him.
3 The LORD is a man of war; the LORD is his name.
4 "Pharaoh's chariots and his host he cast into the sea, and his chosen officers were sunk in the Red Sea.
5 The floods covered them; they went down into the depths like a stone.
6 Your right hand, O LORD, glorious in power, your right hand, O LORD, shatters the enemy.
7 In the greatness of your majesty you overthrow your adversaries; you send out your fury; it consumes them like stubble.
8 At the blast of your nostrils the waters piled up; the floods stood up in a heap; the deeps congealed in the heart of the sea.
9 The enemy said, 'I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil, my desire shall have its fill of them. I will draw my sword; my hand shall destroy them.'
10 You blew with your wind; the sea covered them; they sank like lead in the mighty waters.
11 "Who is like you, O LORD, among the gods? Who is like you, majestic in holiness, awesome in glorious deeds, doing wonders?
12 You stretched out your right hand; the earth swallowed them.
13 "You have led in your steadfast love the people whom you have redeemed; you have guided them by your strength to your holy abode.
14 The peoples have heard; they tremble; pangs have seized the inhabitants of Philistia.
15 Now are the chiefs of Edom dismayed; trembling seizes the leaders of Moab; all the inhabitants of Canaan have melted away.
16 Terror and dread fall upon them; because of the greatness of your arm, they are still as a stone, till your people, O LORD, pass by, till the people pass by whom you have purchased.
17 You will bring them in and plant them on your own mountain, the place, O LORD, which you have made for your abode, the sanctuary, O Lord, which your hands have established.
18 The LORD will reign forever and ever."
19 For when the horses of Pharaoh with his chariots and his horsemen went into the sea, the LORD brought back the waters of the sea upon them, but the people of Israel walked on dry ground in the midst of the sea.
20 Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing.
21 And Miriam sang to them: "Sing to the LORD, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider he has thrown into the sea."
22 Then Moses made Israel set out from the Red Sea, and they went into the wilderness of Shur. They went three days in the wilderness and found no water.
23 When they came to Marah, they could not drink the water of Marah because it was bitter; therefore it was named Marah.
24 And the people grumbled against Moses, saying, "What shall we drink?"
25 And he cried to the LORD, and the LORD showed him a log, and he threw it into the water, and the water became sweet. There the LORD made for them a statute and a rule, and there he tested them,

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Cross References 47

  • 1. Psalms 106:12; [Judges 5:1; 2 Samuel 22:1]
  • 2. ver. 21
  • 3. Psalms 18:1, 2; Psalms 59:17; Psalms 118:14; Psalms 140:7; Isaiah 12:2
  • 4. Deuteronomy 10:21; Psalms 109:1
  • 5. Psalms 18:46; Habakkuk 3:18
  • 6. Exodus 3:6, 15, 16
  • 7. 2 Samuel 22:47; Psalms 34:3; Psalms 99:5, 9; Psalms 118:28; Psalms 145:1; Isaiah 25:1
  • 8. Psalms 24:8; Revelation 19:11
  • 9. Exodus 3:15; Exodus 6:3; Psalms 83:18; Isaiah 42:8; Malachi 3:6
  • 10. Exodus 14:28
  • 11. Exodus 14:7
  • 12. ver. 10; Exodus 14:28
  • 13. Nehemiah 9:11
  • 14. ver. 12; Psalms 118:15, 16; Isaiah 51:9
  • 15. Psalms 2:9; Revelation 2:27
  • 16. Deuteronomy 33:26
  • 17. [Isaiah 5:24; Isaiah 47:14; Malachi 4:1]
  • 18. Exodus 14:21, 22; 2 Samuel 22:16; Job 4:9; Psalms 18:15; [2 Thessalonians 2:8]
  • 19. Psalms 78:13; [Joshua 3:16; Habakkuk 3:10]
  • 20. Exodus 14:9
  • 21. Genesis 49:27; Judges 5:30; Isaiah 53:12; Luke 11:22
  • 22. Exodus 14:21; [Isaiah 11:15; Isaiah 40:24]
  • 23. ver. 5; Exodus 14:28
  • 24. Deuteronomy 3:24; 1 Samuel 2:2; 2 Samuel 7:22; 1 Kings 8:23; 2 Chronicles 6:14; Jeremiah 10:6
  • 25. [Isaiah 6:3; Revelation 4:8]
  • 26. Psalms 77:14
  • 27. ver. 6
  • 28. Psalms 77:20
  • 29. Psalms 77:15
  • 30. Psalms 78:54
  • 31. Numbers 14:14; Deuteronomy 2:25; Joshua 2:9, 10; Joshua 9:24
  • 32. [Deuteronomy 2:4]
  • 33. Numbers 22:3
  • 34. Josh. 2:9, 11, 24; Joshua 5:1
  • 35. Deuteronomy 2:25; Deuteronomy 11:25
  • 36. 1 Samuel 25:37
  • 37. Psalms 74:2; [1 Peter 2:9]
  • 38. Psalms 44:2; Psalms 80:8; [Jeremiah 32:41]
  • 39. Psalms 78:54; Psalms 132:13, 14
  • 40. Psalms 10:16; Psalms 29:10; Psalms 45:6; Psalms 146:10; Revelation 11:15
  • 41. Exodus 14:23
  • 42. Exodus 14:28, 29
  • 43. Micah 6:4
  • 44. [Judges 4:4; 2 Kings 22:14; Nehemiah 6:14; Luke 2:36]
  • 45. Exodus 2:4; Numbers 26:59
  • 46. Judges 11:34; 1 Samuel 18:6; Psalms 68:25; Psalms 149:3; Psalms 150:4
  • 47. ver. 1

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or its chariot; also verse 21
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.