King Solomon, however, loved many foreign women1 besides Pharaoh's daughter--Moabites, Ammonites,2 Edomites, Sidonians and Hittites.
References for 1 Kings 11:1
They were from nations about which the LORD had told the Israelites, "You must not intermarry3 with them, because they will surely turn your hearts after their gods." Nevertheless, Solomon held fast to them in love.
References for 1 Kings 11:2
He had seven hundred wives of royal birth and three hundred concubines,4 and his wives led him astray.5
References for 1 Kings 11:3
As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods,6 and his heart was not fully devoted7 to the LORD his God, as the heart of David his father had been.
References for 1 Kings 11:4
He followed Ashtoreth8 the goddess of the Sidonians, and Molech9 the detestable god of the Ammonites.
References for 1 Kings 11:5
So Solomon did evil10 in the eyes of the LORD; he did not follow the LORD completely, as David his father had done.
References for 1 Kings 11:6
On a hill east11 of Jerusalem, Solomon built a high place for Chemosh12 the detestable god of Moab, and for Molech13 the detestable god of the Ammonites.
References for 1 Kings 11:7
He did the same for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and offered sacrifices to their gods.
The LORD became angry with Solomon because his heart had turned away from the LORD, the God of Israel, who had appeared14 to him twice.
References for 1 Kings 11:9
Although he had forbidden Solomon to follow other gods,15 Solomon did not keep the LORD's command.16
References for 1 Kings 11:10
So the LORD said to Solomon, "Since this is your attitude and you have not kept my covenant and my decrees,17 which I commanded you, I will most certainly tear18 the kingdom away from you and give it to one of your subordinates.
References for 1 Kings 11:11
Nevertheless, for the sake of David19 your father, I will not do it during your lifetime. I will tear it out of the hand of your son.
References for 1 Kings 11:12
Yet I will not tear the whole kingdom from him, but will give him one tribe20 for the sake21 of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem, which I have chosen."22
References for 1 Kings 11:13
Then the LORD raised up against Solomon an adversary,23 Hadad the Edomite, from the royal line of Edom.
References for 1 Kings 11:14
Earlier when David was fighting with Edom, Joab the commander of the army, who had gone up to bury the dead, had struck down all the men in Edom.24
References for 1 Kings 11:15
Joab and all the Israelites stayed there for six months, until they had destroyed all the men in Edom.
But Hadad, still only a boy, fled to Egypt with some Edomite officials who had served his father.
They set out from Midian and went to Paran.25 Then taking men from Paran with them, they went to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave Hadad a house and land and provided him with food.
References for 1 Kings 11:18
Pharaoh was so pleased with Hadad that he gave him a sister of his own wife, Queen Tahpenes, in marriage.
The sister of Tahpenes bore him a son named Genubath, whom Tahpenes brought up in the royal palace. There Genubath lived with Pharaoh's own children.
While he was in Egypt, Hadad heard that David rested with his fathers and that Joab the commander of the army was also dead. Then Hadad said to Pharaoh, "Let me go, that I may return to my own country."
"What have you lacked here that you want to go back to your own country?" Pharaoh asked. "Nothing," Hadad replied, "but do let me go!"
And God raised up against Solomon another adversary,26 Rezon son of Eliada, who had fled from his master, Hadadezer27 king of Zobah.
References for 1 Kings 11:23
He gathered men around him and became the leader of a band of rebels when David destroyed the forces [of Zobah]; the rebels went to Damascus,28 where they settled and took control.
References for 1 Kings 11:24
Rezon was Israel's adversary as long as Solomon lived, adding to the trouble caused by Hadad. So Rezon ruled in Aram29 and was hostile toward Israel.
References for 1 Kings 11:25
Also, Jeroboam son of Nebat rebelled30 against the king. He was one of Solomon's officials, an Ephraimite from Zeredah, and his mother was a widow named Zeruah.
References for 1 Kings 11:26
Here is the account of how he rebelled against the king: Solomon had built the supporting terraces31 and had filled in the gap in the wall of the city of David his father.
References for 1 Kings 11:27
Now Jeroboam was a man of standing,32 and when Solomon saw how well33 the young man did his work, he put him in charge of the whole labor force of the house of Joseph.
References for 1 Kings 11:28
About that time Jeroboam was going out of Jerusalem, and Ahijah34 the prophet of Shiloh met him on the way, wearing a new cloak. The two of them were alone out in the country,
References for 1 Kings 11:29
and Ahijah took hold of the new cloak he was wearing and tore35 it into twelve pieces.
References for 1 Kings 11:30
Then he said to Jeroboam, "Take ten pieces for yourself, for this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: 'See, I am going to tear36 the kingdom out of Solomon's hand and give you ten tribes.
References for 1 Kings 11:31
But for the sake37 of my servant David and the city of Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, he will have one tribe.
References for 1 Kings 11:32
I will do this because they have forsaken me and worshiped38 Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Molech the god of the Ammonites, and have not walked39 in my ways, nor done what is right in my eyes, nor kept my statutes40 and laws as David, Solomon's father, did.
References for 1 Kings 11:33
" 'But I will not take the whole kingdom out of Solomon's hand; I have made him ruler all the days of his life for the sake of David my servant, whom I chose and who observed my commands and statutes.
I will take the kingdom from his son's hands and give you ten tribes.
I will give one tribe41 to his son so that David my servant may always have a lamp42 before me in Jerusalem, the city where I chose to put my Name.
References for 1 Kings 11:36
However, as for you, I will take you, and you will rule43 over all that your heart desires;44 you will be king over Israel.
References for 1 Kings 11:37
If you do whatever I command you and walk in my ways and do what is right45 in my eyes by keeping my statutes46 and commands, as David my servant did, I will be with you. I will build you a dynasty47 as enduring as the one I built for David and will give Israel to you.
References for 1 Kings 11:38
I will humble David's descendants because of this, but not forever.' "
Solomon tried to kill Jeroboam, but Jeroboam fled48 to Egypt, to Shishak49 the king, and stayed there until Solomon's death.
References for 1 Kings 11:40
As for the other events of Solomon's reign--all he did and the wisdom he displayed--are they not written in the book of the annals of Solomon?
References for 1 Kings 11:41
Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years.
Then he rested with his fathers and was buried in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam50 his son succeeded him as king.
References for 1 Kings 11:43